In this case we determine whether a juvenile may'be adjudicated delinquent based upon his violation of the crime against nature statute. We hold that he may and accordingly affirm the decision of the Court of Appeals.
The evidence presented at the juvenile trial tended to show that defendant R.L.C. and O.P.M were dating in the spring and summer of 2003. At the time the two were dating, R.L.C. was fourteen years old and O.P.M. was twelve years old. During this relationship, the two juveniles had sexual intercourse and engaged in two separate incidents of fellatio in or around July and August of 2003 in the back seat of O.P.M.’s mother’s sport utility vehicle, which was parked in a bowling alley parking lot. O.P.M.’s parents were inside bowling at the time of the sexual activity.
Over a year after the juveniles’ relationship ended, Alamance County Sheriff’s Deputy Bobby Baldwin investigated a fight between O.P.M. and another student at her school. During this investigation, O.P.M. informed him of her sexual conduct with R.L.C. Deputy Baldwin questioned R.L.C., who admitted O.P.M. had performed fellatio on him “two [or] three times.”
On 9 November 2004, three separate juvenile petitions were filed alleging that R.L.C. was delinquent for committing a “crime, against nature with [O.P.M]” in violation of N.C.G.S. § 14-177. The case was heard at the 20 December 2004 and 6 January 2005 juvenile sessions of Alamance County District Court. After hearing evidence and arguments of counsel, the trial court dismissed one of the juvenile petitions due to insufficient evidence and entered a Juvenile Adjudication Order finding R.L.C. delinquent. The trial court entered a Disposition Order imposing a sentence of six months of unsupervised probation and also ordered that R.L.C. not have any contact with O.P.M. R.L.C. appealed both orders to the Court of Appeals which, in a divided opinion, found no error in the trial court’s actions. Based upon the existence of a dissent in the Court of Appeals, R.L.C. appealed as of right to this Court.
*290THE RECORD ON APPEAL AND TRANSCRIPT
We note at the outset that R.L.C.’s full name appears in the record in at least three places, despite the requirements of Rule of Appellate Procedure 3. Additionally, it appears that the transcript was not submitted to the Court in a signed, sealed envelope as required by Rule of Appellate Procedure 9(c). Accordingly, we have issued an order ex mero motu sealing the transcript in accordance with Rule 9 and amending the record on appeal to complete the redaction of the information that identifies the juveniles.
 Broadly speaking, the issue before us is whether R.L.C. may be adjudicated delinquent based upon his violation of the crime against nature statute. In determining which specific issues are properly before the Court in an appeal based upon a dissent, we must consider whether the issue was raised at the trial court and the Court of Appeals, whether the error was properly assigned in the record on appeal, and whether the issue was a point of dispute set out in the dissenting opinion of the Court of Appeals. See N.C. R. App. P. 10(a) (stating that “the scope of review on appeal is confined to a consideration of those assignments of error set out in the record on appeal in accordance with this [rule]”); N.C. R. App. P. 16(b) (“Where the sole ground of the appeal of right is the existence of a dissent in the Court of Appeals, review by the Supreme Court is limited to a consideration of those questions which are  specifically set out in the dissenting opinion as the basis for that dissent . . . .”); State v. Benson, 323 N.C. 318, 321-22, 372 S.E.2d 517, 518-19 (1988) (stating that constitutional issues raised for the first time on appeal should not be reviewed on the merits). Moreover, to be properly presented, the issue must be stated in the notice of appeal and properly argued and presented in the appellant’s new brief. See N.C. R. App. P. 16(b). Otherwise, unless an alternative form of review has been allowed by this Court, such as through a petition for discretionary review or a petition for writ of certiorari, only those issues presented in accordance with the rules referenced above are properly before the Court.
Turning now to the specific issues presented in this case, amici encourage us to invalidate R.L.C.’s adjudication based upon either equal protection concerns or because the North Carolina crime against nature statute is facially invalid after the decision in *291 Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003). However, these issues were not argued at trial, argued at the Court of Appeals, specifically set out in the dissenting opinion in the Court of Appeals, presented in the notice of appeal, contained in the assignments of error, or argued in R.L.C.’s new brief before this Court. Accordingly, we decline to address these issues or express any opinion on their merits.
 The juvenile R.L.C. has interwoven his argument that normal rules of statutory construction would require us to vacate his adjudication with his argument that if those rules are not followed, the crime against nature statute is unconstitutional as applied. These arguments have been commingled to the point that they cannot easily be separated. The same could be said for the dissenting opinion in the Court of Appeals. The dissent’s conclusion asserts: “In sum, I would hold that the General Assembly did not intend that the conduct of respondent and O.P.M. be subject to criminal regulation.” In re R.L.C., -N.C. App. -, -, 635 S.E.2d 1, 8 (Elmore, J., dissenting). From that statement we would be inclined to rule only upon matters of statutory construction. However, in the preceding paragraph the dissent states: “[W]e disagree with the State that all conduct between minors may be regulated by the crime against nature statute, without regard to the circumstances. . . . [O]ur General Assembly has dictated that there is no legitimate state interest in the regulation of minors less than three years apart in age, absent the use of force.” Id. at -, 635 S.E.2d at 8 (Elmore, J., dissenting). This language, while speaking of legislative intent, is also fraught with substantive due process connotations such as “legitimate state interest.”
Whether it would be unconstitutional to apply the crime against nature statute to R.L.C. without first imposing some sort of age separation requirement was raised at the trial level, was properly assigned as error, was argued before the Court of Appeals, and has been presented in new briefs before this Court. However, it is unclear from reading the dissenting opinion in the Court of Appeals that the issue is a “basis for that dissent.” N.C. R. App. R 16(b). Because the issue of statutory construction has been intertwined with the argument that a contrary reading of the statute as applied to R.L.C. violates due process, we will address both of these issues separately. We note that addressing the as-applied constitutional issue would not prejudice the State, as the State argued this issue in the lower tribunals and has addressed it on the merits in the State’s New Brief as an alternative to its assertion that the issue is procedurally barred.
*292Accordingly, we determine that the issues properly before the Court are: (1) whether principles of statutory construction prohibit adjudicating R.L.C. as delinquent; and (2) whether failing to follow the dissent’s statutory construction renders the crime against nature statute unconstitutional as applied to R.L.C.
I. STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION
 R.L.C. contends that this Court should reverse the Court of Appeals because “[controlling principles of statutory construction” require a reviewing court to analyze the crime against nature statute in pari materia with other statutes that criminalize similar activity such as the statutory rape, statutory sex offense, and indecent liberties between minors statutes. The crux of R.L.C.’s argument is because these statutes include some measure of age differential between the actors involved among their elements, the General Assembly must not have intended any minor be convicted of any consensual sexual crime unless some minimum age differential exists. Therefore, R.L.C.’s position is he may not be adjudicated delinquent based upon his violation of the crime against nature statute because he is not more than three years older than O.P.M.
This Court determines matters of statutory construction as follows:
When the language of a statute is clear and without ambiguity, it is the duty of this Court to give effect to the plain meaning of the statute, and judicial construction of legislative intent is not required. See Burgess v. Your House of Raleigh, Inc., 326 N.C. 205, 209, 388 S.E.2d 134, 136 (1990). However, when the language of a statute is ambiguous, this Court will determine the purpose of the statute and the intent of the legislature in its enactment. See Coastal Ready-Mix Concrete Co. v. Bd. of Comm’rs of Town of Nags Head, 299 N.C. 620, 629, 265 S.E.2d 379, 385 (1980) (“The best indicia of that intent are the language of the statute or ordinance, the spirit of the act and what the act seeks to accomplish.”).
Diaz v. Div. of Soc. Servs., 360 N.C. 384, 387, 628 S.E.2d 1, 3 (2006). Moreover, when confronted with a clear and unambiguous statute, courts “are without power to interpolate, or superimpose, provisions and limitations not contained therein.” In re Banks, 295 N.C. 236, 239, 244 S.E.2d 386, 388-89 (1978).
*293The law from which North Carolina’s crime against nature statute is derived is older than our nation, tracing its roots back to the reign of King Henry VIII in 1533. 1 Laws of the State of North Carolina 90 (Raleigh, Henry Potter 1821). The currently codified statute states: “If any person shall commit the crime against nature, with mankind or beast, he shall be punished as a Class I felon.” N.C.G.S. § 14-177 (2005). This Court has held that the crime against nature includes fellatio. See State v. Harward, 264 N.C. 746, 746, 142 S.E.2d 691, 692 (1965). The question we must now answer is whether acts of consensual fellatio between R.L.C. and O.P.M. fall within the activity proscribed by the statute. The statute itself contains no age element. Instead the statute’s coveragé is broad, namely “any person.” It is clear that the plain language of the statute encapsulates the activity of R.L.C. and O.P.M. and makes such action criminal.
Nonetheless, R.L.C. argues that this Court must harmonize the crime against nature statute with other statutes that criminalize certain sexual conduct among minors such as N.C.G.S. §§ 14-27.2(a)(l), 14-27.4(a)(l), 14-27.7A, and 14-202.2. In pertinent part, section 14-27.2 provides:
(a) A person is guilty of rapé in the first degree if the person engages in vaginal intercourse:
(1) With a victim who is a child under the age of 13 years and the defendant is at least 12 years old and is at least four years older than the victim ....
N.C.G.S. § 14-27.2 (2005). Section 14-27.4 provides in pertinent part:
(a) A person is guilty of a sexual offense in the first degree if the person engages in a sexual act:
(1) With a victim who is a child under the age of 13 years and the defendant is at least 12 years old and is at least four years older than the victim ....
Id. § 14-27.4 (2005). A “sexual act” is defined in part as “cunnilingus, fellatio, analingus, or anal intercourse, but does not include vaginal intercourse.” Id. § 14-27.1(4) (2005). Additionally, section 14-27.7A prohibits, inter alia, “vaginal intercourse or a sexual act with another person who is 13, 14, or 15 years old and the defendant is more than four but less than six years older than the person, except when the defendant is lawfully married to the person.” N.C.G.S. § 14-27.7A(b) (2005). N.C.G.S. § 14-202.2(a) provides:
*294(a) A person who is under the age of 16 years is guilty of taking indecent liberties with children if the person either:
(1) Willfully takes or attempts to take any immoral, improper, or indecent liberties with any child of either sex who is at least three years younger than the defendant for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire; or
(2) Willfully commits or attempts to commit any lewd or lascivious act upon or with the body or any part or member of the body of any child of either sex who is at least three years younger than the defendant for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire.
Id. § 14-202.2(a) (2005). Because these criminal statutes have age differential requirements, R.L.C. argues the General Assembly intended that no sex act between minors less than three years apart in age be criminal.
When determining the meaning of a statute, the purpose of viewing the statute in pari materia with other statutes is to harmonize statutes of like subject matter and, if at all possible, give effect to each. See Rhyne v. K-Mart Corp., 358 N.C. 160, 188, 594 S.E.2d 1, 20 (2004); Lutz v. Gaston Cty. Bd. of Educ., 282 N.C. 208, 219, 192 S.E.2d 463, 471 (1972). R.L.C.’s proposed statutory construction would produce the opposite of the goal of in pari materia analysis. Rather than giving effect to both the crime against nature statute and the other statutes listed above, R.L.C. would have us give effect to statutes containing age differential requirements while disregarding a statute that does not, in essence rendering the crime against nature statute useless and redundant. See Town of Pine Knoll Shores v. Evans, 331 N.C. 361, 336, 416 S.E.2d 4, 7 (1992) (stating that this Court follows “the maxims of statutory construction that words of a statute are not to be deemed useless or redundant”). We will not judicially impose an age differential element into the crime against nature statute. The crime against nature statute prohibits exactly the actions committed by R.L.C. The other statutes mentioned prohibit similar acts, but due to the lesser age difference between R.L.C. and O.P.M., they do not apply to any of the acts committed by R.L.C. Therefore, the statutes that contain age differentials did not constrain R.L.C.’s sexual activity in this instance. However, the crime against nature statute did. Accordingly, we hold R.L.C.’s actions vio*295lated the crime against nature statute, which does not contain any age differential element.
II. R.L.C.’S “AS APPLIED” DUE PROCESS CHALLENGE
 R.L.C.’s second argument is that if the Court does not adopt his statutory construction of the crime against nature statute, then that statute is unconstitutional as applied to him. R.L.C. does not contend his asserted right is fundamental. Therefore, the question we must answer is whether there exists a legitimate government interest in penalizing the type of conduct involved in this case. See Washington v. Glucksberg, 521 U.S. 702, 728 (1997); Rhyne, 358 N.C. at 180-81, 594 S.E.2d at 15.
When determining whether a rational basis exists for application of a law, we must determine whether the law in question is rationally related to a legitimate government purpose. See Glucksberg, 521 U.S. at 728; Rhyne, 358 N.C. at 180-81, 594 S.E.2d at 15. That is, the government’s objective must be legitimate, and the means used by the government must be reasonable to serve that legitimate goal. See Glucksberg, 521 U.S. at 728 n.21 (“Our inquiry, however, is limited to the question whether the State’s prohibition is rationally related to legitimate state interests.”). It is not necessary for courts to determine the actual goal or purpose of the government action at issue; instead, any conceivable legitimate purpose is sufficient. See U.S. R.R. Ret. Bd. v. Fritz, 449 U.S. 166, 179 (1980) (stating that there is no requirement “that a legislative body articulate its reasons for enacting a statute”).
One plausible legitimate purpose for penalizing the activity of R.L.C. and O.P.M. at issue is the government’s interest in preventing sexual conduct between minors. R.L.C. argues against a broad application and enforcement of this governmental interest, asserting such actions would be improper under Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003). Lawrence held unconstitutional a Texas sodomy statute used to convict two adult men engaged in private, consensual homosexual conduct. Id. at 578. In doing so, the Supreme Court of the United States found that the statute in question “furthers no legitimate state interest which can justify its intrusion into the personal and private life of the individual.” Id. However, Lawrence is distinguishable from the instant case by the very language of Lawrence. The Court noted in Lawrence that “[t]he present case does not involve minors.” Id. This juvenile case does involve minors.
*296Besides the goal of promoting proper notions of morality among our State’s youth, the government’s desire for a healthy young citizenry underscores the legitimacy of the government’s interest in prohibiting the commission of crimes against nature by minors. Like vaginal intercourse, non-vaginal sexual activity carries with it the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. See Ctrs. for Disease Control & Prevention, HIV/AIDS Update (Dec. 2000). (“Numerous studies have demonstrated that oral sex can result in the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).” (emphasis omitted)). Moreover, many minors, especially those in their most formative years, are unable to make reasoned decisions based upon their limited life experience and education whether to engage in these sexual activities. Not only do these decisions physically affect and potentially endanger the minors, there may be psychological implications as well. We hold that preventing sexual conduct between minors furthers a legitimate government interest and application of the crime against nature law in cases such as the one sub judice is a reasonable means of promoting that legitimate interest.
Because the actions of R.L.C. fall within the ambit of the conduct prohibited by the crime against nature statute, and because the application of the crime against nature statute to R.L.C. in this case does not run afoul of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, we affirm the decision of the Court of Appeals.