Plaintiff appeals an Opinion and Award of the Full Commission of the North Carolina Industrial Commission filed 13 February 2003 ruling that Commercial Courier Express, Inc. (“CCE”) and Michigan Mutual Insurance Company (collectively “defendants”) were not responsible for additional payments for rehabilitation care of Worth Apple (“Apple”). Because we conclude plaintiff lacks standing to bring this claim, we must vacate that portion of the Commission’s Opinion and Award.
This case stems from the same facts as Estate of Apple v. Commercial Courier Express, Inc., 165 N.C. App. 530, 598 S.E.2d 623 (2004). Apple was working as a courier for CCE when he was attacked and hit in the head with a hammer in August 1994. He remained in a persistent vegetative state until his death in January 2001. This appeal solely involves a claim by plaintiff that defendants failed to pay $160,000.00 in accrued medical expenses to Winston-Salem Rehabilitation and Healthcare Center (“W-S Rehab”) pursuant to a Form 21 agreement entered into by the parties.
W-S Rehab did not intervene in the action and the record in this case reveals W-S Rehab accepted a reduced payment of $50,000.00 as payment in full for services rendered to Apple and the account was settled to the satisfaction of W-S Rehab. On this issue, the Commission concluded, inter alia:
3. As a result of decedent’s compensable injury, decedent was entitled to have defendants provide all necessary medical treatment arising from his compensable injury to the extent it tended to effect a cure, give relief or lessen decedent’s disability. . . . Plaintiff failed to establish . . . that defendants have failed to pay the agreed reimbursement for the reasonable services provided by W-S Rehab.
4. [W-S Rehab] is estopped to request further compensation after accepting the $50,0000 payment as a full accord and satisfaction of the claim or potential claim for unpaid medical services. . . .
*177Thus, in the award portion of the Opinion and Award, the Commission stated: “Defendants are not responsible for payment of any additional monies to W-S Rehab for the care of decedent. . .
Although the Commission ruled in favor of defendants on the merits of the case primarily on the ground of accord and satisfaction between defendants and W-S Rehab, the dispositive issue before us on appeal is whether plaintiff even has standing to assert the non-payment of medical expenses by decedent’s employer to a third-party provider.
If a party does not have standing to bring a claim, a court has no subject matter jurisdiction to hear the claim. See Neuse River Found., Inc. v. Smithfield Foods, Inc., 155 N.C. App. 110, 113, 574 S.E.2d 48, 51 (2002); see also Henke v. First Colony Builders, Inc., 126 N.C. App. 703, 704, 486 S.E.2d 431, 432 (1997) (stating in a workers’ compensation case, “[t]his Court may ex mero motu dismiss an appeal for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, even if it is not raised by the parties on appeal”). Standing consists of three main elements:
“(1) ‘injury in fact’ — -an invasion of a legally protected interest that is (a) concrete and particularized and (b) actual or imminent, not conjectural or hypothetical; (2) the injury is fairly traceable to the challenged action of the defendant; and (3) it is likely, as opposed to merely speculative, that the injury will be redressed by a favorable decision.”
Neuse River Found., 155 N.C. App. at 114, 574 S.E.2d at 52 (quoting Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife, 504 U.S. 555, 560-61, 119 L. Ed. 2d 351, 364 (1992)). The issue of standing generally turns on whether a party has suffered injury in fact. See id.
In this case, plaintiff has made no showing that injury in fact has resulted or will result if defendants are not required to pay W-S Rehab the full $160,000.00. First of all, there is no outstanding debt to W-S Rehab to be collected as evidenced by W-S Rehab’s own correspondence. Further, even if there was an outstanding debt, W-S Rehab is barred by law from attempting to collect any such debt from plaintiff. See N.C. Gen. Stat. § 97-88.3(c) (2003) (class 1 misdemeanor for a healthcare provider to knowingly hold an employee responsible for medical expenses incurred as a result of a compensable injury); see also N.C. Gen. Stat. § 97-90(e) (2003) (a health care provider shall not pursue a private claim against an employee for costs of treatment unless claim is adjudicated not compensable). In *178addition, the sole and exclusive remedy for a healthcare provider seeking payment from an employer in a compensable claim is to apply for relief from the Commission. See Palmer v. Jackson, 157 N.C. App. 625, 634-35, 579 S.E.2d 901, 908 (2003), disc. review improvidently allowed, 358 N.C. 373, 595 S.E.2d 145 (2004). No such application was made in this case.
Nonetheless, plaintiff asserts it has suffered an injury in fact because it must protect its relationship with the medical provider by ensuring bills are fully paid. Plaintiff contends it is highly unlikely that a medical provider would be willing to continue providing treatment when its bills are compromised or not paid at all. To constitute an injury in fact, the invasion of a legally protected interest can not be conjectural or hypothetical. See Neuse River Found., 155 N.C. App. at 114, 574 S.E.2d at 52. Plaintiffs assertion that it would be highly unlikely a medical provider would be willing to continue providing treatment when its bills are compromised or not paid at all is conjecture or hypothetical. Furthermore, in this case, the Commission found decedent received appropriate care and that his care was not improperly limited.
Plaintiff also contends it has suffered an injury in fact because it has a pecuniary interest in the payment of interest on medical compensation under N.C. Gen. Stat. § 97-86.2. However, under N.C. Gen. Stat. § 97-86.2, plaintiff would be entitled to interest on medical compensation only where there is an appeal resulting in an ultimate award to the employee. The possibility of a favorable decision on appeal is not an invasion of a legally protected interest that is either concrete and particularized, or actual or imminent. See Neuse River Found., 155 N.C. App. at 114, 574 S.E.2d at 52.
Next, plaintiff asserts it has a pecuniary interest in awards of attorney fees granted under N.C. Gen. Stat. '§§ 97-88.1 and 97-88. Under N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 97-88 and 97-88.1, an award of attorney’s fees is a discretionary decision made by the Commission. See Taylor v. J. P. Stevens Co., 307 N.C. 392, 397, 298 S.E.2d 681, 684 (1983). Similar to plaintiffs assertions regarding interest on medical compensation, the possibility of an attorney’s fees award is not an invasion of a legally protected interest that is concrete and particularized, or actual or imminent. See Neuse River Found., 155 N.C. App. at 114, 574 S.E.2d at 52.
Plaintiff also argues the cases of Hyler v. GTE Products Co., 333 N.C. 258, 425 S.E.2d 698 (1993) and Pearson v. C.P. Buckner Steel *179 Erection Co., 348 N.C. 239, 498 S.E.2d 818 (1998) confer standing to plaintiff. Plaintiff cites the following language from Hyler:
[W]e conclude that the legislature always has provided for, and continues to provide for, two distinct components of an award under the Workers’ Compensation Act: (1) payment for the cost of medical care, now denominated “medical compensation,” which consists of payment of the employee’s medical expenses incurred as a result of a job-related injury; and (2) general “compensation” for financial loss other than medical expenses, which includes payment to compensate for an employee’s lost earning capacity and payment of funeral expenses.
Hyler, 333 N.C. at 267, 425 S.E.2d at 704. This language in Hyler does not confer standing upon plaintiff. Rather, our Supreme Court was explaining a claimant may seek two types of compensation under our workers’ compensation statute — medical compensation for medical expenses and general compensation for financial loss. Nothing in our opinion today precludes a claimant from pursuing a “medical only” claim.
Similarly, Pearson v. C.P. Buckner, does not confer standing upon plaintiff. In Pearson, our Supreme Court considered the issue of
whether an employer who denies liability but is ordered to pay medical expenses under the Workers’ Compensation Act (Act) may fulfill this obligation by merely reimbursing Medicaid where Medicaid has paid medical providers a portion of the cost of treatment or whether the employer must also pay medical providers the difference between the amount covered by Medicaid and the full amount authorized by the Act under the Industrial Commission (Commission) fee schedule for medical expenses.
Pearson, 348 N.C. at 240, 498 S.E.2d at 819. Thus, in Pearson, our Supreme Court had to consider whether the federal Medicaid statutes and regulations preempted North Carolina’s Workers’ Compensation Act. Id. at 243-47, 498 S.E.2d at 820-23. The issue before us in this case is whether a workers’ compensation claimant has standing to challenge a compromise and settlement agreement entered into by an employer and a medical provider. In Pearson, our Supreme Court did not discuss standing, compromise and settlement agreements, or the issue presented by this case.
*180As such, we conclude plaintiff does not have standing to bring a claim for past due medical expenses owed to a third-party medical provider by an employer in a compensable workers’ compensation claim where (1) the employer has admitted compensability, (2) the employer and medical provider entered into an accord and satisfaction, (3) the medical provider has made no claim for relief before the Commission, and (4) plaintiff has made no showing that the failure to make payment results in injury in fact.1 Furthermore, our holding today does not preclude a workers’ compensation claimant from pursuing a medical only compensation claim when the claim is disputed or contested and there has not been an intervention of a medical provider in the lawsuit.2 Accordingly, the portion of the Opinion and Award of the Commission addressing this issue, as contained in paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Commission’s conclusions of law and paragraph 3 of the award, must be vacated.3
Finally, as we have concluded plaintiff does not have standing to contest the compromise and settlement agreement between defend*181ants and the medical provider, we do not reach the issue of whether the Commission had to approve the settlement agreement under the facts of this case.
Vacated in part.
Judge WYNN concurs.
Judge TYSON concurs in the result only in a separate opinion.