Plaintiffs appeal from the Industrial Commission’s opinion and award filed 11 August 1992. Defendants also cross assign error to support the Industrial Commission’s opinion and award. After careful review of the briefs, transcripts and record, we reverse and remand to the Full Commission for findings of fact on the question of whether decedent had a concurrent business purpose for travelling to Hound Ears on 27 June 1987.
 Plaintiffs contend that the Commission erred in finding that “even if [decedent] had business to conduct on June 28, 1986, he was off duty and not about that business on June 27, 1986, when the collision occurred.” We agree.
“Employees whose work entails travel away from the employer’s premises are held in the majority of jurisdictions to be within the course of their employment continuously during the trip, except when a distinct departure on a personal errand is shown.” Martin v. Georgia-Pacific Corp., 5 N.C. App. 37, 41, 167 S.E. 2d 790, 793 (1969). Accordingly, decedent was not “off duty” and was continuously within the course of his employment during the trip on 27 June if decedent was travelling to Hound Ears to conduct business on 28 June. This is true unless it is shown that at the time of the accident decedent had made a distinct departure on a personal errand.
The evidence shows that when decedent’s automobile accident occurred, he was traveling on the most direct route from Raleigh to the Hound Ears community in Blowing Rock, North Carolina. In cases where there are both personal and business reasons for making the trip, there is no departure or deviation from employment if the accident occurs while the claimant is on the most direct route to accomplish both the personal and the business objective. 1 A. Larson, The Law of Workmen’s Compensation § 19.21 (1993). Even if the personal objective would have required a detour if it had been reached, there is no deviation if at the time of the accident, the claimant was on the direct route which he would have had to take to reach his business destination. Id. at § 19.22. Since decedent’s accident occurred on the direct route he would have had to take to reach his business destination in Hound Ears, there was no deviation or departure from his employment. Accord*514ingly, decedent was not “off duty” and was within the course of his employment at the time of his accident on 27 June 1986, if he in fact had business to conduct on 28 June 1986.
 Plaintiffs further contend that the Commission erred in finding that plaintiffs’ witnesses’ testimony concerning the business-related purpose of decedent’s trip was of “no consequence to the ultimate outcome of this case.” We agree. If the Commission found that plaintiffs’ witnesses’ testimony established that decedent had a business purpose for travelling to Hound Ears on 27 June 1986, under the dual purpose rule, decedent was in the course of his employment during the trip to Hound Ears even though he had additional personal motivations for making the trip as long as he was on the direct route he would have had to take to accomplish the business purpose.
Professor Larson summarizes the “dual purpose rule” in his treatise on Workers’ Compensation Law. Under the “dual purpose rule”:
Injury during a trip which serves both a business and a personal purpose is within the course of employment if the trip involves the performance of a service for the employer which would have caused the trip to be taken by someone even if it had not coincided with the personal journey. This principle applies to out-of-town trips, to trips to and from work, and to miscellaneous errands such as visits to bars or restaurants motivated in part by an intention to transact business there.
1 A. Larson, The Law of Workmen’s Compensation § 18.00 (1993). In Humphrey v. Quality Cleaners & Laundry, 251 N.C. 47, 110 S.E.2d 467 (1959), the North Carolina Supreme Court laid out the test to be applied in determining whether a trip that has both personal and business purposes is compensable under the Act. There the Humphrey Court adopted Judge Cardozo’s test set out in Marks Dependents v. Gray, 251 N.Y. 90, 167 N.E. 181 (1920).
We do not say that the service to the employer must be the sole cause of the journey, but at least it must be a concurrent cause. To establish liability, the inference must bé permissible that the trip would have been made though the private errand had been canceled. . . . The test in brief is this: If the work of the employee creates the necessity for travel, such is in *515the course of his employment, though he is serving at the same time some purpose of his own. ... If however, the work has had no part in creating the necessity for travel, if the journey would have gone forward though the business errand had been dropped, and would have been canceled upon failure of the private purpose, though the business errand was undone, the travel was then personal, and personal the risk.
Humphrey v. Quality Cleaners & Laundry, 251 N.C. 47, 51, 110 S.E.2d 467, 470 (1959) (emphasis added). Under this test, a trip is personal if the trip would have gone forward even if the business errand had been dropped and the trip would have been cancelled upon the failure of the private purpose. In this way, the work would have had no part in creating the necessity for travel. The dual purpose rule does not require that the business purpose be the primary purpose for making the trip. The dual purpose rule only requires that the business purpose be a concurrent cause of the trip. 1 A. Larson, The Law of Workmen’s Compensation § 18.13 (1993). A concurrent cause is a cause which would have occasioned the making of the trip even if the private mission had been canceled. Id.
It is clear that the Full Commission did not properly apply the dual purpose rule to the facts of this case. The Full Commission found in its opinion and award that:
[E]ven if the hearsay evidence was allowed to the extent that it showed a purpose of plaintiff’s trip was to conduct business on the weekend in question, at the time of [decedent’s] accident, he was in route to a purely non-business related party. Thus, even if [decedent] had business to conduct on June 28, 1986, he was off duty and not about that business on June 27, 1986 when the collision occurred. ... At the time and place of the collision, [decedent] was not in the course of his employment, even if he would have been at some time the following day.
Under the dual purpose rule, if a concurrent purpose of decedent’s trip to Hound Ears on 27 June was to conduct business there on 28 June, decedent was within the course of his employment at the time of the accident on 27 June. Accordingly, the Commission erred in finding that testimony concerning the business nature of decedent’s trip was irrelevant to the ultimate outcome of this case. Whether decedent had business appointments on 28 June 1986 is crucial here because that fact determines whether decedent *516had a concurrent business purpose for travelling to Hound Ears on 27 June 1986.
 Plaintiffs contend that the Commission erred in excluding plaintiffs’ evidence regarding the business-related purpose of decedent’s trip. Plaintiffs offered the testimony of five witnesses to show that decedent had made appointments on 28 June 1986 with several of defendant-employer’s policyholders at their homes in Hound Ears to discuss their insurance policies. These five witnesses were: 1) Mrs. Lillian E. Murray, decedent’s widow, 2) Mr. Thomas M. Gow, 3) Ms. Helen Agnes Cushing, 4) Ms. Jean M. Kelso and 5) Ms. E. Tracy Murray, decedent’s daughter.
Defendants objected to all evidence in these witnesses’ testimony regarding the purpose of decedent’s trip to Hound Ears. The Deputy Commissioner in his opinion and award sustained defendants’ objections to decedent’s widow’s testimony and also sustained defendants’ objection to similar statements made by the other witnesses “to the extent that they do not conform to the North Carolina Rules of Evidence.” As we have already discussed, the Full Commission, acting under an erroneous application of the law, did not consider plaintiffs’ witnesses’ testimony to be relevant to the ultimate outcome of the case and did not address the issue of whether the Deputy Commissioner properly excluded the witnesses’ testimony.
We conclude that the testimony of Mrs. Lillian Murray, Ms. Helen Agnes Cushing and Ms. E. Tracy Murray should have been admitted into evidence. Mrs. Lillian Murray, decedent’s widow, testified at the hearing that her husband was coming to Hound Ears on business and that he had clients to call on to deliver policies. When defense counsel asked Mrs. Murray on cross examination how she knew decedent had clients to see that weekend, Mrs. Murray responded that “He [decedent] told me before I left home that he had an appointment and that was the reason for going that weekend.” Ms. Cushing testified in her deposition that decedent told her on the telephone regarding the delivery of her insurance policy that “I’m coming to Hound Ears on Saturday, and I will take care of it. I have it with me. I will have it with me.” Finally, Ms. E. Tracy Murray, decedent’s daughter, testified in her deposition that on the day of the accident decedent told her that he had “calls” to make in Hound Ears over the weekend *517in addition to attending the dinner party that Friday evening. Ms. Murray went on to explain that she knew that making “calls” meant calling on customers.
Plaintiffs offered these witnesses’ statements to show that decedent also intended to conduct business in Hound Ears on the weekend of 27-28 June 1986. Under Rule 803(3) of the North Carolina Rules of Evidence, a statement of the declarant’s then existing state of mind, such as intent, plan, motive, or design is admissible as an exception to the hearsay rule. G.S. 8C-1, Rule 803(3). Decedent’s statements to his widow, his daughter, and Ms. Cushing tend to show decedent’s intent or motive in travelling to Hound Ears on 27 June 1986. Accordingly, their testimony is admissible for that purpose.
In sum, the Full Commission made an error of law in concluding that whether decedent had business appointments on 28 June 1986 was irrelevant since decedent was on his way to the dinner party at the time of the accident. As we have previously discussed, decedent’s injuries and resulting death are compensable under the dual purpose rule if decedent had a concurrent business purpose for travelling to Hound Ears on 27 June 1986. Since plaintiffs’ right to compensation depends upon whether decedent had a concurrent business purpose for travelling to Hound Ears on 27 June 1986, we remand so that the Full Commission may make specific findings of fact on this question. See Bee v. Yates Aluminum Window Co., Inc., 46 N.C. App. 96, 264 S.E.2d 368 (1980) (case remanded for additional findings of fact on this same question).
Defendants contend that the findings of fact and conclusions of law made by the Deputy Commissioner and adopted by the Full Commission are sufficient to support the Commission’s opinion and award. We disagree. When the Commission finds facts or fails to find facts under a misapprehension of the law, the case should be remanded so that the evidence can be considered in its true legal light. Mills v. Mills, 68 N.C. App. 151, 158, 314 S.E.2d 833, 838 (1984). Here, the Deputy Commissioner made an error of law in excluding and refusing to consider plaintiffs’ witnesses’ testimony concerning decedent’s business appointments on the weekend of 27 June. The Full Commission, however, under a misapprehension of the dual purpose rule, regarded plaintiffs’ evidence relating to decedent’s business purpose as irrelevant to its final decision. The *518Full Commission erroneously assumed that even if plaintiffs’ evidence excluded by the Deputy Commissioner was allowed to the extent that it showed a business purpose, decedent was not in the course of his employment because he was off duty and on his way to a dinner party. We have already discussed, supra, how that rationale is erroneous. Nevertheless, the Commission adopted the Deputy Commissioner’s opinion and award. Since the Full Commission adopted the Deputy Commissioner’s opinion and award under a misapprehension of the dual purpose rule, we vacate the opinion and award and remand this case to the Full Commission to apply the proper legal standard to the admissible evidence.
 Defendants cross assign error and- contend that even if decedent’s injuries arose in the course of his employment, his injuries did not “arise out of” his employment. An injury is compensable under the Act if it results from an “accident arising out of and in the course of the employment.” G.S. 97-2(6). “While often interrelated, the concepts of ‘arising out of’ and ‘in the course of’ the employment are distinct requirements, and a claimant must establish both to receive compensation.” Roberts v. Burlington Industries, 321 N.C. 350, 354, 364 S.E.2d 417, 420 (1988). “An accident occurring during the course of an employment . . . does not ipso facto arise out of it.” Robbins v. Nicholson, 281 N.C. 234, 238, 188 S.E.2d 350, 354 (1972). An injury arises out of the employment when there is a causal connection between the employment and the injury. Patterson v. Gaston County, 62 N.C. App. 544, 546, 303 S.E.2d 182, 183 (1983).
Here, medical records and expert testimony indicated that decedent also suffered a stroke on the day of the accident. Both medical experts who testified at the hearing testified that it was impossible to tell whether decedent’s stroke occurred before the accident or whether the stroke occurred as a result of the accident. Defendants argue that if the stroke caused the accident, decedent’s injuries resulting from the accident were unrelated to his employment. We disagree.
When an employee’s idiopathic condition is the sole cause of the injury, the injury does not arise out of the employment. Vause v. Vause Equipment Co., 233 N.C. 88, 63 S.E.2d 173 (1951). However, “[w]here any reasonable relationship to the employment exists, or employment is a contributory cause, the court is justified in upholding *519the award as ‘arising out of employment.’ ” Allred v. Allred-Gardner, Inc., 253 N.C. 554, 557, 117 S.E.2d 476, 479 (1960).
In Allred v. Allred-Gardner, Inc., 253 N.C. 554, 117 S.E.2d 476 (1960), the plaintiff sustained severe injuries when his vehicle collided with a pole. There the plaintiff was returning to his employer’s place of business from a service call when he “blacked out,” lost control of his vehicle, and ran into a pole. Our Supreme Court held that the plaintiff’s accident arose out of his employment even though his blackout caused the accident.
Two circumstances, we think, serve to fix liability on the defendants in this case: First, a blackout to which the claimant had a predisposition; second, the blackout occurred at the time and place the claimant’s duties required him to be driving an automobile. The combination of these two produced the accident. In the light of our decisions, the plaintiff’s injury may be said to arise out of and in the course of his employment.
Here, there is no direct evidence of record that decedent’s stroke caused the accident. If the cause of an employee’s injury in the course of his employment is unknown and the Commission finds that the injury arose out of the employment, an award will be sustained. Cole v. Guilford County, 259 N.C. 724, 727, 131 S.E.2d 308, 311 (1963). However, even assuming arguendo that decedent’s stroke did cause the accident, under Allred, supra, decedent’s accident arose out of his employment if decedent was in the course of his employment at the time of the accident. Accordingly, if the Commission on remand determines that decedent was in the course of his employment at the time of the accident, we hold that decedent’s accident arose out of his employment.
 Defendants next contend that Mrs. Lillian Murray, decedent’s widow, never properly filed a claim for decedent’s death benefits under the Act and that her claim for death benefits should be dismissed under G.S. 97-24. G.S. 97-24 requires that claims be filed within two years after the date of the accident in order to obtain benefits under the Act. Failure to timely file a claim is a jurisdictional bar and cannot ordinarily be overcome by either waiver or estoppel. Reinhardt v. Women’s Pavilion, Inc., 102 N.C. App. 83, 86-87, 401 S.E.2d 138, 140-41 (1991).
*520The Industrial Commission’s Form No. 18 is required to institute a claim under G.S. 97-24. Defendants contend that Mrs. Murray never filed a claim for death benefits with the Commission because her attorney, Mr. Teague, signed Form No. 18 on behalf of Wachovia Bank & Trust Company as executor rather than on behalf of Mrs. Murray as dependent. Defendants argue that the executor of decedent’s estate is not a proper claimant for death benefits when there are dependents available to bring the claim. McGill v. Bison Fast Freight, Inc., 245 N.C. 469, 476, 96 S.E.2d 438, 444 (1957). Accordingly, defendants contend that since plaintiff’s attorney did not sign Form No. 18 on Mrs. Murray’s behalf, Mrs. Murray did not file a claim for death benefits within the two year jurisdictional requirement of G.S. 97-24. We disagree.
In Smith v. Allied Exterminators, Inc., 279 N.C. 583, 184 S.E.2d 296 (1971), the Supreme Court held that a father’s right to participate in his son’s death benefits was not barred by his failure to file a claim. In Smith, the insurer filed a request for hearing with the Commission pursuant to G.S. 97-83 to determine whether the mother or father was entitled to their son’s death benefits. The Court said that the Commission had jurisdiction at the hearing to determine the rights of the father even though he did not file a claim. Id. at 587, 184 S.E.2d at 298. Accordingly, we conclude under the holding of Smith v. Allied Exterminators, supra, that even if Mrs. Murray did not technically file a claim for decedent’s death benefits, the Commission had jurisdiction to determine her rights to receive death benefits if the Commission otherwise had jurisdiction to hear the claim.
Here, the Commission acquired jurisdiction when the executor of decedent’s estate filed a claim for decedent’s “[h]ead and body injuries resulting in unconsciousness and eventual death.” Decedent’s accident occurred on 27 June 1986. The claim was filed on 22 June 1988, within two years of decedent’s accident. G.S. 97-24 only requires that “a claim be filed with the Industrial Commission within two years after the accident.” The Commission obtains jurisdiction in the case once a claim is timely filed. Reinhardt v. Women’s Pavilion, Inc., 102 N.C. App. 83, 86-87, 401 S.E.2d 138, 140 (1991); Tabron v. Gold Leaf Farms, Inc., 269 N.C. 393, 396, 152 S.E.2d 533, 535 (1967). Accordingly, we hold that the Commission had jurisdiction to hear the claim for decedent’s death benefits and to determine Mrs. Murray’s rights under the Act to receive death benefits. “The Worker’s Compensation Act should *521be liberally construed whenever appropriate so that benefits will not be denied upon mere technicalities or strained and narrow interpretations of its provisions.” Deese v. Lawn and Tree Expert Co., 306 N.C. 275, 277, 293 S.E.2d 140, 143 (1982). This cross-assignment of error is overruled.
 Finally, defendants contend that plaintiffs did not meet their burden of proof in showing that decedent’s death was caused by the accident on 27 June 1986. Defendants contend that the immediate cause of decedent’s death was pneumonia and that plaintiffs have not shown that decedent contracted pneumonia because of the accident. We disagree.
“The Commission’s findings of fact on the issue of causation are conclusive if supported by competent evidence, even where the evidence is conflicting.” Lettley v. Trash Removal Service, 91 N.C. App. 625, 628, 372 S.E.2d 747, 749 (1988). There is ample evidence here to support the Commission’s finding. The evidence in the record shows that decedent sustained numerous injuries as a result of the accident. Decedent sustained a hip fracture that could not be surgically repaired, multiple fragment fractures of the right proximal head of the fibula and tibula which later became infected, rib fractures which led to pulmonary contusions and collapse of the lung, and a closed head injury which affected his mental and motor status. Decedent was bedridden and could not walk or take care of himself following the accident. Decedent was institutionalized in the hospital and thereafter in a nursing home from the day of his accident until his death on 5 September 1987.
Although decedent died from pneumonia, both medical experts who testified at the hearing testified that decedent’s injuries from the accident led to his contracting pneumonia. Dr. Wells Edmundson, the medical director of the nursing home where decedent was institutionalized after the accident, testified that decedent’s condition as a result of the accident, particularly his collapsed lung, his use of a feeding tube, and his bedridden status, significantly increased his risk of contracting pneumonia. Dr. William J. Senter, an expert in internal medicine, testified that “the pneumonia that he [decedent] later developed was inevitable from his condition.” Both doctors testified that in their expert opinions, decedent’s pneumonia and resulting death were caused by complications arising from the injuries decedent sustained in the accident on 27 June 1986. Accordingly, we conclude that there is sufficient competent evidence *522here to support the Commission’s finding of causation. This cross assignment of error is without merit.
For the reasons stated we vacate and remand to the Full Commission for additional proceedings consistent with this opinion.
Vacated and remanded.
Judge ORR concurs.
Judge COZORT dissents.