Defendants contend that plaintiff has not offered sufficient evidence for the case to be submitted to the jury.
“ ‘If the evidence in the light most favorable to plaintiff, giving him the benefit of all permissible inferences from it, tends to support all essential elements of actionable negligence, then it is sufficient to survive the motion to nonsuit.’ McFalls v. Smith, 249 N.C. 123, 105 S.E. 2d 297; Taylor v. Brake, 245 N.C. 553, 96 S.E. 2d 686; Scarborough v. Veneer Co., 244 N.C. 1, 92 S.E. 2d 435.
“Inconsistencies and conflicts in the evidence, whether witnesses are mistaken or otherwise, truthful or otherwise, are questions of fact to be resolved by the fact finding body — the jury. Only a question of law is presented by demurrer to the evidence or motion to nonsuit. Bell v. Maxwell, 246 N.C. 257, 98 S.E. 2d 33; Keener v. Beal, 246 N.C. 247, 98 S.E. 2d 19; Mallette v. Cleaners, 245 N.C. 652, 97 S.E. 2d 245.”
Plaintiff alleged that defendant (1) carelessly and negligently failed to bring his vehicle to a complete stop and remain stopped until he could make the movement into the public highway in safety, in violation of an ordinance of the City of Raleigh, 21-18; (2) that he negligently and carelessly operated a motor vehicle in the wrong direction on a highway of the State of North Carolina; (3) that he failed and neglected to keep said vehicle under reasonable and proper control; (4) that he operated said automobile without keeping a proper and careful lookout; and (5) that he operated said vehicle *392at a speed greater than was reasonable and prudent under circumstances and conditions then existing, in violation of G.S. 20-141.
Recognizing the rule that physical facts at the scene of an accident may be sufficiently strong within themselves, or in combination with other evidence, to infer negligence and make the issue one for the jury, Rouse v. Jones, 254 N.C. 575, 119 S.E. 2d 628, there is sufficient evidence here to infer that defendant Thomas Oliver Joyner, Jr., while operating said truck as the agent and employee of defendant R. H. Bouligny, Inc., and in the performance of his duties as such agent and employee, was either traveling in the wrong direction on Western Boulevard, or that he failed to keep a proper and careful lookout, or that he failed to keep his automobile under proper control and to operate it carefully under conditions then existing, thus causing the collision and plaintiff’s injury and damage. The allegations and the evidence present issues of fact, and the trial court correctly allowed the jury to decide whether plaintiff was damaged and injured by the negligence of defendants as alleged in the complaint.
Considering defendants’ contention that their motion for non-suit should have been allowed, we must decide whether plaintiff was guilty of contributory negligence as a matter of law.
Nonsuit on the ground of contributory negligence should be allowed only when the plaintiff’s evidence, taken in the light most favorable to him, so clearly establishes this defense that no other reasonable inference or conclusion can be drawn therefrom. Rouse v. Peterson, 261 N.C. 600, 135 S.E. 2d 549; Waters v. Harris, 250 N.C. 701, 110 S.E. 2d 283; Jones v. Bagwell, 207 N.C. 378, 177 S.E. 170.
From an examination of defendants’ pleadings and the evidence offered, it would appear that if plaintiff were guilty of contributory negligence it would be on the basis of excessive speed, or his failure to keep a proper lookout. The statutory speed limit at the place of the accident was 55 miles per hour. There was no direct evidence that plaintiff exceeded the statutory speed limit, nor that he drove too fast for existing conditions, nor that he failed to decrease his speed and keep his car under proper control with due regard to existing conditions. However, the plaintiff in testifying did state: “I never remember putting on brakes or anything.” Thus, there was evidence from which it might be inferred that plaintiff did not decrease his speed and keep his automobile under control with due regard to existing conditions, or that he failed to keep a proper and careful lookout when he did not see defendant’s vehicle as it came across Western Boulevard. Conversely, the evidence would permit *393a reasonable inference or conclusion that he was operating his automobile on a dominant highway in a lawful manner, that he kept his automobile under proper control, and that after looking to his left toward Buck Jones Road and to his right toward Hillsboro Road, he had a right to proceed, assuming no vehicular traffic would come across the road from a private driveway in the path of oncoming traffic.
Nonsuit on the issue of contributory negligence should be denied when opposing inferences are permissible from plaintiff’s proof. Wilson v. Camp, 249 N.C. 754, 107 S.E. 2d 743; Wooten v. Russell, 255 N.C. 699, 122 S.E. 2d 603.
A factual determination by the jury was required, and the court below ruled correctly in denying defendants’ motion for nonsuit.
By Assignments of Error Nos. 5 and 8 defendants contend that the court erred in its charge to the jury, in that erroneous definitions of proximate cause were given.
Defendants’ Assignment of Error No. 5 refers, in part, to that portion of the judge’s charge on the first issue which is as follows:
“Proximate cause, the other element of actionable negligence, means the real, the dominant, the efficient cause, a cause without which the occurrence would not have occurred, and proximate cause is also a cause from which a person of ordinary prudence could have reasonably foreseen that such a result or some similar injurious result was probable under the facts as they existed. An act is a proximate cause of an injury and damage when in a natural and continuous sequence unbroken by any new or independent cause it produced the result complained of and without which the injury and the damage would not have occurred. And there can be more than one proximate cause of an injury and damage. I instruct you that the violation of a statute or ordinance enacted for the public safety is negligence, per se, unless the statute or ordinance itself provides to the contrary and all that is needed to make an act negligent is the essential element or (of) proximate cause.”
“Proximate cause is 'a cause that produced the result in continuous sequence and without which it would not have occurred, and one from which any man of ordinary prudence could have foreseen that such a result was probable under all the facts as they existed.’ Mattingly v. R. R., 253 N.C. 746, 750, 117 S.E. 2d 844, 847. Foreseeable injury is a requisite of proxi*394mate cause, which is, in turn, a requisite for actionable negligence. Osborne v. Coal Co., 207 N.C. 545, 177 S.E. 796.”
Here, the court, in substance, gave the approved definition, and this assignment of error is overruled. However, the defendants contend by their Assignment of Error No. 8 that the definition of proximate cause given by the court in its summation of the charge on the first issue was prejudicial error. That portion of the charge given is as follows:
“I say, members of the jury, that if the plaintiff has proven any of those things and proven by the greater weight of the evidence, and has further proven by the greater weight of the evidence that the negligence of the defendant Thomas Oliver Joyner, Jr., in any one or more of those regards, not only exist, but that such negligence of the defendant Thomas Oliver Joyner, Jr., was one of the proximate causes of the collision between the vehicles, that is that it was one of the causes luithout which the collision would never have occurred resulting in and causing damage to the plaintiff’s automobile or injury to plaintiff’s person, or both, then it would be your duty to answer this first issue in plaintiff’s favor, that is, Yes.”
“If you are satisfied from this evidence and by its greater weight, that * * * or that the defendant had not complied with the requirements of the statute to obtain a proper permit for the length of the rig that was being driven, the Court charges you that if you are satisfied from this evidence and by its greater weight that such failure to comply with either of those statutes amounted to negligence, that that failure was such a failure as a reasonable and prudent man would not have been guilty of under the same and similar circumstances, and if you are further satisfied from this evidence and by its greater weight that such failure was a proximate cause, that is a cause without which the collision would not have occurred, then it would be your duty to answer the first issue Yes.”
Holding that this was an incorrect definition of proximate cause, the Court, speaking through Lake, J., said:
“An event which is a 'but for’ cause of another event — that is, a cause without which the second event would not have taken *395place — is not, necessarily, the proximate cause of the second event. While one event cannot be the proximate cause of another if, had the first event not occurred, the second would have occurred anyway, Henderson v. Powell, 221 N.C. 239, 19 S.E. 2d 876, the reverse is not necessarily true. A ‘but for’ cause may be a remote event from which no injury to anyone could possibly have been foreseen. Foreseeability of some injury from an act or omission is a prerequisite to its being a proximate cause of the injury for which the plaintiff seeks to recover damages. Nance v. Parks, 266 N.C. 206, 146 S.E. 2d 24.
“The learned judge had, in an earlier portion of his charge, correctly defined proximate cause. However, this subsequent instruction, related as it was to a specific and final summation of what the jury must find in order to answer the first issue in the plaintiff’s favor, was reasonably calculated to substitute in the mind of the jury the inaccurate definition of proximate cause for the correct definition previously given.”
Here, the court had earlier in the charge given a correct instruction in defining proximate cause, but in the final summation of what the jury must find in order to answer the first issue for plaintiff, an inaccurate definition was given. The inaccurate definition was so closely related to the final summation and the explicit instruction to answer the issue “Yes” that reasonably the inaccurate definition would be substituted for the accurate in the mind of the jury.
For reasons stated, defendants are entitled to a