Tbe appeal challenges tbe validity of tbe order of Judge Clement denying tbe application of tbe plaintiffs for an interlocutory injunction to enjoin tbe defendant from using tbe strip of land in dispute as a driveway until tbe conflicting claims of tbe parties to its ownership are determined by a trial on tbe merits. As a consequence, our decision must turn on tbe relevant rules which govern tbe granting or refusing of injunctions of this character. These rules are as follows:
1. the purpose of an interlocutory injunction is to preserve the status quo of the subject matter of the suit until a trial can be bad on the merits. Arey v. Lemons, 232 N.C. 531, 61 S.E. 2d 596; Boone v. Boone, 217 N.C. 722, 9 S.E. 2d 383; S. v. Scott, 182 N.C. 865, 109 S.E. 789; Harrison v. Bray, 92 N.C. 488. For this reason, an interlocutory injunction will not ordinarily issue to remedy a wrong committed before suit is brought. R. R. v. R. R., 237 N.C. 88, 74 S.E. 2d 430; Fremont v. Baker, 236 N.C. 253, 72 S.E. 2d 666; Branch v. Board of Education, 230 N.C. 505, 53 S.E. 2d 455; Groves v. McDonald, 223 N.C. 150, 25 S.E. 2d 387; Jackson v. Jernigan, 216 N.C. 401, 5 S.E. 2d 143; Yount v. Setzer, 155 N.C. 213, 71 S.E. 209; 28 Am. Jur., Injunctions, section 5.
2. Injunction is not a possessory remedy. 43 C.J.S., Injunctions, section 52. Hence, an interlocutory injunction does not lie to take land out of tbe possession of one party and place it in tbe possession of another. Fremont v. Baker, supra; Arey v. Lemons, supra; Armstrong v. Armstrong, 230 N.C. 201, 52 S.E. 2d 362; Young v. Pittman, 224 N.C. 175, 29 S.E. 2d 551; Jackson v. Jernigan, supra; Spoor-Thompson Mach. Co. v. Bennett Film Laboratories, 105 N. J. Eq. 108, 147 A. 202. Moreover, an interlocutory injunction will not issue to enjoin a party from making a reasonable use of land actually occupied by him under claim of right. Arey v. Lemons, supra; Jackson v. Jernigan, supra; 32 C. J., Injunctions, section 173.
3. Tbe bearing judge does not issue an interlocutory injunction as a matter of course merely because tbe plaintiff avowedly bases bis application for tbe writ on a recognized equitable ground. While equity does not permit tbe judge who bears tbe application to decide tbe cause on tbe merits, it does require him to exercise a sound discretion in determining whether an interlocutory injunction should be granted or refused. Branch v. Board of Education, supra; 28 Am. Jur., Injunctions, section 268. Tbe bearing judge considers and weighs the affidavits or other evidence of tbe opposing parties for tbe purpose of ascertaining whether the plain*361tiff bas made out an apparent case for the issuance of an interlocutory injunction and whether the granting of an interlocutory injunction would work greater injury to the defendant than is reasonably necessary for the protection of the plaintiff. Tobacco Association v. Bland, 187 N.C. 356, 121 S.E. 638; Blackwell Mfg. Co. v. McElwee, 94 N.C. 425.
4. The hearing judge necessarily refuses an interlocutory injunction if the plaintiff fails to make out an apparent case for the issuance of the writ. Fremont v. Baiter, supra; Comfort Spring Corp. v. Burroughs, 217 N.C. 658, 9 S.E. 2d 473; Reyburn v. Sawyer, 128 N.C. 8, 37 S.E. 954. 5. In determining the propriety of issuing an interlocutory injunction, the hearing judge considers and weighs the relative conveniences and inconveniences which the parties will suffer by the granting or the refusing of the writ. Boone v. Boone, supra; 28 Am. Jur., Injunctions, section 54; 43 C.J.S., Injunctions, sections 30, 227. An injunction.of this nature should be granted where the injury which the defendant would suffer from its issuance is slight as compared with the damage which the plaintiff would sustain from its refusal, if the plaintiff should finally prevail. Banner v. Button Corporation, 209 N.C. 697, 184 S.E. 508; Little v. Trust Co., 208 N.C. 726, 182 S.E. 491; Hare v. Hare, 207 N.C. 849, 178 S.E. 545; Porter v. Insurance Co., 207 N.C. 646, 178 S.E. 223; Boushiar v. Willis, 207 N.C. 511, 177 S.E. 632; Troutman v. Shuford, 206 N.C. 909, 174 S.E. 230; Teeter v. Teeter, 205 N.C. 438, 171 S.E. 620; Ferebee v. Thomason, 205 N.C. 263, 171 S.E. 64; Holder v. Mortgage Co., 205 N.C. 207, 170 S.E. 630; Castle v. Threadgill, 203 N.C. 441, 166 S.E. 313; Parker Co. v. Bank, 200 N.C. 441, 157 S.E. 419; Cullins v. State College, 198 N.C. 337, 151 S.E. 646; R. R. v. Transit Co., 195 N.C. 305, 141 S.E. 882; Brown v. Aydlett, 193 N.C. 832, 136 S.E. 721; Wentz v. Land Co., 193 N.C. 32, 135 S.E. 480; Brinkley v. Norman, 190 N.C. 851, 129 S.E. 145; Johnson v. Jones, 186 N.C. 235, 119 S.E. 231; Seip v. Wright, 173 N.C. 14, 91 S.E. 359; Blackwell Mfg. Co. v. McElwee, supra; McBrayer v. Hardin, 42 N.C. 1, 53 Am. D. 389. But an interlocutory injunction should be refused when its issuance would cause great injury to the defendant and confer little benefit in comparison upon the plaintiff. Tobacco Association v. Bland, supra; Hurwitz v. Sand Co., 189 N.C. 1, 126 S.E. 171; Railway Co. v. Mining Co., 112 N.C. 661, 17 S.E. 77; Railroad Co. v. Railroad Co., 88 N.C. 79.
6. The hearing judge may issue an interlocutory injunction upon the application of the plaintiff in actual or constructive possession to enjoin a trespass on land when the trespass would be continuous in nature and produce injury to the plaintiff during the litigation. General Statutes, sections 1-485, 1-486; R. R. v. Transit Co., supra; Sutton v. Sutton, 161 N.C. 665, 77 S.E. 838; Stewart v. Munger, 174 N.C. 402, 93 S.E. 927. The rule that the judge will consider and weigh the relative conveniences *362and inconveniences to tbe parties in determining the propriety of the injunction is operative here. In consequence, an interlocutory injunction against a trespass should be refused where its issuance would confer little benefit on the plaintiff and cause great inconvenience to the defendant. 28 Am. Jur., Injunctions, section 141.
7. The findings of fact and other proceedings of the judge who hears the application for an interlocutory injunction are not binding on the parties at the trial on the merits. Indeed, these findings and proceedings are not proper matters for the consideration of the court or jury in passing on the issues determinable at the final hearing. Branch v. Board of Education, supra; Grantham v. Nunn, 188 N.C. 239, 124 S.E. 309; Hudnell v. Lumber Co., 180 N.C. 48, 103 S.E. 893.
8. On an appeal from an order granting or refusing an interlocutory injunction, the Supreme Court is not bound by the findings of fact of the judge hearing the application for the writ. It may review and weigh the evidence submitted to the hearing judge and find the facts for itself. The Supreme Court nevertheless indulges the presumption that the' findings of the hearing judge are correct, and requires the appellant to assign and show error in them. Clinard v. Lambeth, 234 N.C. 410, 67 S.E. 2d 452; Sineath v. Katzis, 219 N.C. 434, 14 S.E. 2d 418; Castle v. Threadgill, supra; Plott v. Comrs., 187 N.C. 125, 121 S.E. 190; Hyatt v. DeHart, 140 N.C. 270, 52 S.E. 781.
When the transcript of the record on appeal is laid alongside these rules, it is obvious that Judge Clement rightly refused the injunction sought by the plaintiffs.
In reaching this conclusion, we neither overlook nor ignore the allegations of the complaint and the supporting affidavits relating to the excavating of the strip of land and the paving of the remodeled driveway. These allegations do not warrant the award of injunctive relief during the litigation. The excavation was made before the issuance of the summons, and any resultant injury to the plaintiffs falls within the general rule that an interlocutory injunction will not issue to remedy a wrong committed before suit is brought. The paving of the remodeled driveway was almost finished at the time of the issuance of the summons. Any injury to the soil incident to completing the remodeled driveway subsequent to that event will be rather inconsequential in nature and can be readily remedied by incorporating a mandatory injunction for its removal in the final judgment in case the plaintiffs prevail at the trial on the merits.
The plaintiffs really base their demand for injunctive relief pending the litigation on the theory that they are in the actual or constructive possession of the land in controversy, and its use as a driveway by the defendant constitutes a trespass of a continuous nature. After hearing *363tbe proofs of tbe parties, however, Judge Clement found, in substance, tbat tbe plaintiffs are not in either tbe actual or tbe constructive possession of tbe locus in quo, but tbat, on tbe contrary, tbe defendant actually occupies and uses it under a claim of right. He concluded as a matter of law on tbe basis of these findings of fact tbat tbe plaintiffs are not entitled to an interlocutory injunction and entered an order accordingly. His legal conclusion and bis resultant refusal of injunctive relief pending tbe litigation find full sanction in tbe rules tbat tbe heáring judge refuses an interlocutory injunction when tbe applicant fails to make out an apparent case for its issuance, and tbat an interlocutory injunction does not lie to enjoin a party from making a reasonable use of land actually occupied by him under claim of right.
Tbe arguments of tbe plaintiffs and our own investigation of tbe proofs of tbe parties do not reveal any reason justifying a disturbance of Judge Clement’s findings of fact. We deem it not amiss to observe, however, tbat tbe demand of tbe plaintiffs for injunctive relief pending tbe litigation would not be substantially strengthened on tbe present record even if the proofs of tbe parties did compel us to accept as valid tbe thesis of tbe plaintiffs tbat they are in tbe actual or constructive possession of tbe strip of land and its use as a driveway by tbe defendant constitutes a trespass of a continuous nature. Tbe proofs of tbe parties indicate rather clearly tbat tbe plaintiffs have no present use for tbe land in controversy, and tbat its continued employment as a driveway by tbe defendant at this time is essential to tbe operation of tbe hospital because it is tbe only practical route by which patients traveling by ambulances and other vehicles can be admitted and discharged. Tbe issuance of an interlocutory injunction against tbe continued use of tbe land by tbe defendant under these circumstances would result in no benefit to tbe plaintiff and cause great hardship to tbe defendant.
Tbe decision on tbe application for injunctive relief pending tbe litigation will have no bearing whatever on tbe rights of tbe parties when tbe action is tried on tbe merits.
For the reasons given, the order refusing an interlocutory injunction is