This is an action brought by plaintiffs against defendants to remove cloud from plaintiffs’ title, O. S., 1143, and restrain a sale under execution.
“Walker, J., in Christman v. Hilliard, 167 N. C., 4, speaking to this statute, says: ‘The beneficial purpose of this statute is to free the land of the cloud resting upon it -and make its title clear and indisputable so that it may enter the channels of commerce and trade unfettered and without the handicap of suspicion.’ ” Plotkin v. Bank, 188 N. C., at p. 715.
*835The record discloses from the agreed facts that:
(1) Ben Hicks owned a certain piece of land in Moore County, N: C. Evander Mdver went into possession of the land in 1886 under him, but received no deed from said Hicks.
(2) Ben Hicks, subsequent to 1886 and prior to 1892, conveyed said land to Alex Evans, which deed was duly recorded in 1892.
(3) Alex Evans on 14 May, 1892, executed and delivered a warranty deed to said land to Evander Mdver; the deed recited a consideration of $75, the said Mdver “having already entered said lands six years prior to said date and having remained in possession thereof and he and those claiming under him have continuously since the date' of the deed in 1892 occupied and used the same, claiming thereunder to be the owners thereof.”
(4) Evander Mdver and Amy Mdver, his wife, on 10 May, 1907, made a warranty deed to Elicia A. Blue, consideration $10 and love and affection, for a part of said land deeded Evander Mdver by Alex Evans. She “immediately entered into possession of the same and occupied and claimed the same thereunder as her own until “she, on 10 December, 1919, by deed duly recorded on 19 December, 1919, conveyed the same land to plaintiffs and they “have occupied, used and claimed the same thereunder since said date.”
(5) That Evander Mdver has conveyed to persons other than plaintiffs all the balance of the lands conveyed to him by Alex Evans.
(6) K. R. Hoyle, the defendant, has a judgment duly docketed and indexed on the judgment' docket in the Superior Court of Moore County, on 12 December, 1921, against Alex Evans for $200, and interest from 22 September, 1920, and costs, which constitutes a lien, on any land owned by Alex Evans at the time or thereafter acquired, for ten years. See O. S., 614.
(7) The warranty deed made, executed and delivered by Alex Evans on 14 May, 1892, to Evander Mdver was not registered until 30 November, 1923, and the deed from Evander Mdver and wife, Amy Mdver, to Elicia A. Blue was not registered until 30 November, 1923.
‘The present action was commenced 20 June, 1927.
Evander Evans and those to whom the land in controversy has since been deeded have occupied and used said land, claiming thereunder to be the owners thereof, since 14 May, 1892. The judgment of K. R. Hoyle was docketed 12 December, 1921, some 28 years after the deed was made from Alex Evans to Evander Mdver, which was not recorded until 30 November, 1923, after the Hoyle judgment was docketed 12-Decem-ber, 1921.
Is the E. R. Hoyle judgment a valid lien on the land superior to plaintiffs’ title? We cannot so hold.
*836To solve tbe question we must construe the following statutes:
C. S., 426 is as follows: “In all actions involving the title to real property title is conclusively deemed to be out of the State unless it is a party to the action, but this section does not apply to the trials of protested entries laid for the purpose of obtaining grants, nor to actions instituted prior to 1 May, 1917.”
C. S., 428: “When a person or those under whom he claims is and has been in possession of any real property, under known and visible lines and boundaries and under colorable title, for seven years, no entry shall be made or action sustained against such possessor by a person having any right or title to' the same, except during the seven years next after his right or title had descended or accrued, who in default of suing within that time shall be excluded from any claim thereafter made; and such possession so held is a perpetual bar against all persons not under disability.”
C. S., 429 : “No action for the recovery or possession of real property shall be maintained, unless it appears that the plaintiff, or those under whom he claims, was seized or possessed of the premises in question within twenty, years before the commencement of the action, unless he was under the disabilities prescribed by law.”
C. S., 430: “No action for the recovery or possession of real property, or the issues and profits thereof, shall be maintained when the person in possession thereof, or defendant in the action, or those under whom he claims, has possessed the property under known and visible lines and boundaries adversely to all other persons for twenty years; and such possession so. held gives a. title in fee to the possessor, against all persons not under disability.”
C. S., 3309: “No conveyance of land, or contract to convey, or lease of land for more than three years shall be valid to pass any property, as against creditors or purchasers for a valuable consideration, from the donor, bargainor or lessor, but from the registration thereof within the county where the land lies.” The proviso not material. This is known as the Connor Act.
In Moore v. Miller, 179 N. C., at p. 398, in reference to R. S., 426, it is said: “It is well recognized that, in actions of this character, a litigant on whom rested the burden of the issue, suing for a small piece of land, with a view only of showing title out of the State, was called on to establish the location of some old grant, often of much larger boundary. Ancient of date, with the witnesses who could speak directly to the facts dead, many of the marks and monuments of boundary destroyed or obliterated, it was an effort entailing much cost and expense, and not infrequently threatening a miscarriage of justice, and this when it was fully understood that, if a prima facie case was established and the *837adversary required to offer proof, be too would insist on the position that title was out of the State. To remove this burdensome and untoward condition, the Legislature has enacted this most desirable statute providing that, in actions between individual litigants, title should be conclusively presumed to be out of the State. But that is the extent and limit of it. There is no presumption in favor of one party or the other, nor is a litigant seeking to recover land otherwise relieved of the burden of showing title in himself.” See Power Co. v. Taylor, 194 N. C., 231.
This section having no retrospective effect is applicable only to actions commenced since 1 May, 1917. Riddle v. Riddle, 176 N. C., 485. This statute affects the remedy — mode of procedure — -and is within the power of tbe General Assembly to pass. See Brown v. Auto. Co., ante, 647; Williams v. Motor Lines, ante, 682. Under well settled practice, where both parties claim title under tbe same grantor — a common source — it is sufficient to prove title derived from him, without proving his title, as neither party can deny such title, sometimes called an estoppel.
It will be noted that before the K. R. Hoyle judgment against Alex Evans, which was docketed 12 December, 1921, that Alex Evans bad sold the land in controversy to Evander McIver, on 14 May, 1892, some 28 years before, although the deed was not recorded until 30 November, 1923, some 31 years thereafter. A deed is good and valid between the parties thereto without registration, and may be proved on trial as at common law. Warren v. Williford, 148 N. C., 474; Weston v. Roper Lumber Co., 160 N. C., 263; King v. McRackan, 168 N. C., 621.
Under C. S., 430, “no action for recovery or possession of real property or the issues and profits thereof shall be maintained when the person in possession thereof or defendant in the action or those under whom be claims has possessed the property (a) under known and visible lines and boundaries, (b) adversely to all other persons for twenty years, and such possession so held gives a title in fee to the possessor in such property against all persons not under disability.” Walden v. Ray, 121 N. C., 237; Moore v. Curtis, 169 N. C., 74; Stewart v. Stephenson, 172 N. C., 81; Power Co. v. Taylor, 191 N. C., 329; Crews v. Crews, 192 N. C., 679.
On the present record it cannot be disputed that plaintiffs and those under whom they claim, have possessed the property under known and visible lines and boundaries for more than twenty years before the judgment of K. R. Hoyle was docketed. Was it adversely to all persons for twenty years? We think so.
In Locklear v. Savage, 159 N. C., at p. 237-8, it is said: “What is adverse possession within the meaning of the law has been well settled by our decisions. It consists in actual possession, with an intent to bold *838solely for the possessor to the exclusion of others, and is denoted by the exercise of acts of dominion over the land, in making the ordinary use and taking the ordinary profits of which it is susceptible in its present state, such acts to be so repeated as to show that they are done in the character of owner, in opposition to right or claim of any other person, and not merely as an occasional trespasser. It must be decided and notorious as the nature of the land will permit, affording unequivocal indication to all persons that be is exercising thereon the dominion of owner,” citing numerous authorities.
Under the Locklear case, supra, the property in controversy, it cannot be disputed, was held adversely by plaintiffs and those under whom plaintiffs claimed title for over twenty years — some twenty-eight years before the K. R. Hoyle judgment was docketed. When the Hoyle judgment was docketed, under the statute C. S., 430, supra, the plaintiffs bad a statutory title in fee to the land. The lien of K. R. Hoyle judgment is based on C. S., 614, “and is a lien on the real property in the county where the same is docketed of every person against whom any such judgment is rendered, and which be has at the time of the docketing thereof in the county in which such real property is situated, or which be acquired at any time thereafter, for ten years from the date of the rendition of the judgment.” At the time of the docketing of the judgment Alex Evans bad no land; be bad deeded it away, and plaintiffs bad a title in fee under the statute. The 3L R. Hoyle judgment claim is bottomed on the real property owned by Alex Evans at the time it was docketed. Alex Evans, under C. S., 429, was not seized or possessed of the land within twenty years. Stewart v. McCormick, 161 N. C., 625. Plaintiffs, and those under whom they claimed were in possession of the land in controversy, bolding same adversely to Alex Evans, who made the original deed in the chain, under known and visible lines and boundaries for twenty-eight years before the Hoyle judgment was docketed.
We do not think that C. S., 428, and C. S., 3309, the Connor Act, is applicable to this controversy. Plaintiff's do not base their claim on seven years possession under color of title. An unregistered deed ordinarily is not color of title, except as between tbe original parties.
In King v. McRackan, 168 N. C., at 624, it is said: “Prior to the Connor Act of 1885, an unregistered deed was in all cases color of title if sufficient in form. (Hunter v. Kelly, 92 N. C., 285), but after the passage of that act it was held in Austin v. Staton, 126 N. C., 783, that an unregistered deed was not color of title. The question was again considered in Collins v. Davis, 132 N. C., 106, and the ruling in the case of Austin v. Staton was modified so that it only applied in favor of the bolder of the subsequent deed executed upon a valuable consideration, *839and the Court has since then consistently adhered to the latter decision. Janney v. Robbins, 141 N. C., 400; Burwell v. Chapman, 159 N. C., 209.” See Gore v. McPherson, 161 N. C., 638; Ennis v. Ennis, ante, 320.
Plaintiffs do not base their claim to the land under C. S., 428, the unregistered deed which was not color of title, but under C. S., 429, and 0. S., 430 — -twenty years adverse possession under known and visible lines and boundaries. Plaintiffs had title under these statutes before the judgment of K. R. Hoyle was taken against Alex Evans. Eaton v. Doub, 190 N. C., 14, relied on by defendants, is not applicable here. In that case it was held that an unregistered deed was not color of title, and the seven years statute requiring color of title could not prevail under C. S., 428, against a judgment creditor of the grantor. That case was a hard one and the humane Associate Justice who wrote it said, “We cannot refrain from expressing regret that after careful consideration of this case we are unable to arrive at any other conclusion.”
In Dill-Cramer-Truitt Corp. v. Downs, ante, at p. 190, the whole matter is well and succinctly stated: “In actions involving title to real property, where the State is not a party, other than in trials of protested entries laid for the purpose of obtaining grants, the title is conclusively presumed to be out of the State, and neither party is required to show such fact, though either may do so. C. S., 426; Moore v. Miller, 179 N. C., 396, 102 S. E., 627; Pennell v. Brookshire, 193 N. C., 73; 136 S. E., 257. And in actions between individual litigants, as here, when one claims title to land by adverse possession and shows such possession (1) for seven years under color, or (2) for twenty years without color, either showing is sufficient to establish title in this jurisdiction. C. S., 428 and 430; Power Co. v. Taylor, 191 N. C., 329, 131 S. E., 646; S. c., 194 N. C., 231.”
Succinctly — Evander McIver, without deed, had been in possession of the land in controversy some six years, and went into the possession under Ben Hicks, and since 1892 he and those in privity, including plaintiffs, occupied and used the land, claiming thereunder to be the owners thereof. Ben Hicks deeded the same land to Alex Evans, who registered the deed in 1892. Then Alex Evans deeded the land to Evander Mclver, the party already in possession, on 14 May, 1892. This deed was not registered until 30 November, 1923. Evander Mclver and those in privity, including plaintiffs, held the land in controversy under known and visible lines and boundaries for twenty-eight years before the K. R. Hoyle judgment was docketed against Alex Evans, 12 December, 1921. .
The unregistered deed from Alex Evans to Evander Mclver was good and valid between the parties. Evander Mclver and those in *840privity, including plaintiffs, held the possession under known and visible lines and boundaries at least twenty-eight years, it goes without saying adverse to Alex Evans, as he parted with the title and possession and the possession was under known and visible lines and boundaries, necessarily adverse to Alex Evans and all other persons. The law, C. S., 430, steps in and says such advérse possession for twenty years so held gives a title in fee to the possessor of such property, the plaintiff, those in privity. Under the facts and circumstances of this case, if Evander Mclver had no deed to the property in controversy, those in privity, the plaintiffs, under C. S., 430, would have a title in fee — a fortiori. Evander Mclver had a good and valid deed, although not registered. It is a beneficent statute to shut out stale claims. Alex Evans had no interest in the land in controversy when K. R. Hoyle’s judgment was docketed.
For the reasons given, the judgment below is