Perry v. State, 263 So. 3d 86 (2019)

Jan. 9, 2019 · District Court of Appeal of Florida, Fourth District · No. 4D18-460
263 So. 3d 86

Willie PERRY, Appellant,
STATE of Florida, Appellee.

No. 4D18-460

District Court of Appeal of Florida, Fourth District.

[January 9, 2019]

Carey Haughwout, Public Defender, and Paul Edward Petillo, Assistant Public Defender, West Palm Beach, for appellant.

Ashley Brooke Moody, Attorney General, Tallahassee, and Luke R. Napodano, Assistant Attorney General, West Palm Beach, for appellee.

Kuntz, J.

Willie Perry appeals a circuit court order denying his Florida Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.800(a) motion to correct illegal sentence. In his motion, Perry argued his 65-year prison sentences for armed kidnapping, carjacking with a firearm, and sexual battery on a victim 12 years or older were de facto life sentences and illegal under recent case law and sections 775.082(3)(c) and 921.1402(2)(d), Florida Statutes (2014). Bound by Kelsey v. State , 206 So.3d 5 (Fla. 2016), we reverse and remand for resentencing.

In 2013, the circuit court ordered a third sentencing hearing pursuant to Graham v. Florida , 560 U.S. 48, 130 S.Ct. 2011, 176 L.Ed.2d 825 (2010).1 After a non-evidentiary hearing, the court resentenced Perry to concurrent terms of 65 years in prison with a 10-year mandatory minimum for armed kidnapping and carjacking with a firearm, and a concurrent term of 65 years in prison for sexual battery.

Perry filed a rule 3.800(a) motion, arguing that his sentences were de facto life *87sentences and that he was entitled to resentencing under chapter 2014-220, Laws of Florida, which has been codified at sections 775.082, 921.1401, and 921.1402, Florida Statutes.

On appeal, Perry argues case law following his resentencing shows he is entitled to relief. See, e.g. , Kelsey , 206 So.3d at 5. In Kelsey , the defendant was a juvenile when he committed armed sexual battery, armed burglary, and armed robbery. Id. at 6-7. Kelsey's original life sentence was declared unconstitutional under Graham , and the circuit court resentenced him, before July 1, 2014, to concurrent sentences of 45 years in prison. Id. at 7. After the legislature enacted chapter 2014-220, Kelsey moved for resentencing. Id. at 8. In resolving the case, our supreme court rephrased the certified question:

Is a defendant whose original sentence violated Graham v. Florida , 560 U.S. 48 [130 S.Ct. 2011, 176 L.Ed.2d 825] (2010), and who was subsequently resentenced prior to July 1, 2014, entitled to be resentenced pursuant to the provisions of chapter 2014-220, Laws of Florida?

Id. at 6. The court answered the question in the affirmative. Id. ; see also id. at 8 ("[A]ll juveniles who have sentences that violate Graham are entitled to resentencing pursuant to chapter 2014-220, Laws of Florida, codified in sections 775.082, 921.1401 and 921.1402, Florida Statutes (2014)."). While the court has clarified its post- Graham jurisprudence, see, e.g. , Franklin v. State , 258 So.3d 1239, 2018 WL 5839174 (Fla. Nov. 8, 2018) ; State v. Michel , 257 So.3d 3 (Fla. 2018), it has not receded from the holding in Kelsey .

The question answered in Kelsey controls our disposition here. The circuit court concluded that Perry's sentence violated Graham .2 As a result, Perry was resentenced. But he was resentenced before July 1, 2014. Thus, under the Florida Supreme Court's holding in Kelsey , Perry has a right to be resentenced pursuant to the provisions of chapter 2014-220, codified at sections 775.082 and 921.1402, Florida Statutes (2014).

Reversed and remanded for resentencing .

Gerber, C.J., and Forst, J., concur.