OPINION OP THE COURT.
—In the case of Seward, et al. v. The Denver & Rio Grande R. R. Co. this court, at the present *690term, in an opinion not yet published, settled many of the questions presented by the record. Points discussed' by counsel in this case, not arising in the former case,, necessary to be determined now, may be briefly stated as. follows: (1) The order now under consideration required the defendant to maintain a telegraph operator, whose fluty it should be to receive and forward such telegrams as might be offered by the general public, thereby compelling the-defendant to engage in the commercial telegraph business. The evidence failed to show that the defendant company was engaged i.n the commercial telegraph business, and the question presented is as to whether or not the commission had the power to order the company to engage therein. (2) The notice of hearing served upon the railroad company informed the defendant company that the-commission was proposing to investigate the question as to whether or not the said company maintained adequate-facilities at the station of Barranca for the accommodation of passengers, and for receiving and delivering freight and express, and the further question as to whether said company should be required to maintain an agent at said station through whom the patrons of the road could transact business with the company. It will be observed ■ that no mention was made in the notice or order for the hearing, of the fact that the commission would investigate the question as to whether or not an agent and telegraph facilities were necessary and required for the safety of the traveling public and the ellipses of the road, in the operation of defendant’s trains. The question presented is as to the power of the commission to make an order broader in its scope than the notice served upon the company. In other words, has the company to be affected, the right to be advised in advance as to the extent of the relief asked and the basis upon which a proposed order is to be made ? The question of safety being eliminated, (3) is the order made by the commission reasonable and lawful, and should it be enforced by the court, in the absence of any evidence showing the cost of the facilities required to be furnished by the commission.
*691 1 *690Discussing the questions in the order presented, (1) *691tliere is no evidence in the record tending to show that the railroad company is engaged in the commercial telegraph business. While it is true that the railway company may be required to provide and maintain “adequate depots, stock pens, station buildings, agents and facilities for the accommodation of passengers, and for receiving and delivering freight and express,” and might, upon a proper showing, be required to maintain a telegraph station and agent, for the accommodation of passengers and for receiving and delivering freight and express, it could not, independent of its duties as a common carrier, be required to furnish telegraph facilities so that the public might commercially derive convenience therefrom. This same question was before the Supreme Court of Oklahoma in the case of R. R. Co. v. State, 100 Pac. 16. The syllabus of the case states the question presented and decided, tersely as follows:
“A railway company engaged as a common carrier in the transportation business is not required to install and maintain telegraph stations to- receive and transmit messages for commercial purposes, independent of its business as such common carrier.”
“A railway compan)'- is required to furnish all necessary equipment and facilities for the discharge of its duties as a common carrier; but when such are not reasonable and necessary for such purpose, it is not, independent of its duties as a common carrier, to be required to furnish them, that the public may, commercially, derive convenience therefrom.”
To the same effect is the case of Ry. Co. v. State (Okla.), 103 Pac. 617.
This order imposed upon the defendant an obligation outside of its charter duties. Commercial telegrams are sent and received for purely private purposes. The railroad has no interest therein, and is in no manner benefited thereby, and the railroad company cannot be required to install and maintain telegraph facilities at the station unless such facilities are reasonably necessary on account of the safety and expedition of the train service, either freight or passenger, or of the convenience to be afforded *692to the public by the railway company in the conduct of its freight or passenger service. The order cannot be sustained upon- the assumption that an arrangement exists between the railroad company and a commercial telegraph company by which such commercial telegraph company will pay practically all of the salary of the operator. There is no showing in the record as to what the expense •of maintaining such an operator would be, or that there is any such arrangement between the railroad and telegraph companies. Were there such an arrangement, nevertheless, this order would be unenforcible. The telegraph ■company is not a party to this case; it has never been given the hearing provided by sec. 8 of art. XI of the ■constitution; it has never had its day in court. A party is entitled to some notice before he can be deprived of his liberty or property.
.2 In discussing the second proposition this court held in the case of Seward v. D. & R. G. R. R. Co., supra, that the company to be affected by a proposed order was entitled to notice as to the order which the commission was proposing to make, so that it should have the opportunity to present before the commission evidence to show that the proposed order was unreasonable or unlawful; that it was the duty of both parties to present before the commission all the evidence in the case, so that when the cause is removed to the Supreme Court, the court can determine from the evidence the question •of the reasonableness and justness of the order. It must be manifest that the railroad company is entitled, in advance, to know with reasonable certainty, the order which the commission is proposing to make, and the reasons therefor. The order in the present case served upon the defendant company, advised it that the commission was proposing to require certain facilities “for the accommodation of passengers and for receiving and delivering freight ■■and express,” and also to require said company to maintain an agent at the station of Barranca, through whom the patrons of said railway company could transact business with the company. Upon the trial of the case, two •of the witnesses for the complainants incidentally stated *693that Barranca was located, at the summit of a four per cent grade on the railway, and that it was a dangerous; place in the operation of trains. Admitting, without deciding,- that the commission had the power to require a telegraph agent to be maintained, where it was shown to-be necessary for the safety of passengers and employes in the operation of trains, still we think that the railroad company was entitled to notice in advance that the commission was proposing to base its order upon such fact. Here the railway company was only advised that such facilities were to be required for the accommodation of passengers, and naturally would only prepare to combat such contention. Having no intimation or knowledge-that such facilities were to be demanded for the safety of the train service, naturally it would not prepare or have witnesses to prove that such facilities were not required for such purpose. If the commission had the power .to-make an order for such facilities, because of their requirement for safety in the operation of trains, the question of expense would not be involved. On the other hand, where-such facilities are required or demanded for the accommodation of passengers and the patrons of the road, the-question of expense necessarify enters into the question. In this case the railroad company had no notice prior to the hearing, or indeed no suggestion was made upon the hearing, to- the effect that the commission was proposing to make an order based upon the necessity of such facilities from the standpoint of safety in the operation of trains. It is apparent, however, from the findings of' fact made by the commission that it based the order made, in part, at least, upon the necessity of such facilities for the safety of passengers and employes in the operation-, of the road.
3 The question of safety in the operation of trains therefore being eliminated from consideration, because not' included in the notice to the railroad company, the question arises as to whether or not the order made is reasonable and lawful and one which this court should en force. The evidence in the case shows that the passenger and freight receipts for the year 1911 at this-*694station amounted to a total sum of $5,279.86, but there is no evidence whatever to show the cost to the company of furnishing the facilities ordered. This court can determine the reasonableness, and lawfulness of an ordei made by the commission only upon the evidence adduced before the commission, and presented to this court by the record. It is the duty of'the commission to develop such evidence as will show that the order made by it is reasonable and lawful.
For the reasons stated the court must refuse to enforce the order made by the commission, and the cause is remanded to the Corporation Commission for further proceedings, should it so elect, in accordance with this opinion.