When this cause in a different form was before us a year since, the sole point presented, was whether an interlocutory order of restraint looking to a permanent injunction as the relief sought, from which an appeal had been taken to this Court, so effectually annulled and neutralized its operation as to leave the enjoined party as free to act as if no such order had been made. The Court ruled against this contention, and sustained the action of the Judge in proceeding to punish by imposing a fine for the contempt and affirmed the judgment.
The present appeal raised the question of the legal power of a subsequent Court, after an affirmance of the judgment from which the first appeal was taken, to alter, modify or remove the imposed penalty.
When the matter was first presented, the nature of the proceeding — wholly punitory in its object — suggested the analogy of a criminal action, by whose rules it would be governed. *227But upon consideration, it will be seen that the differences are marked and essential. In the one case, the guilt of the accused must be ascertained by a jury verdict, and the end is the suppression of crime by the infliction of the penalty incurred; in the other, the purpose is to secure obedience to a rightful judicial order, and for this purpose to coerce or to-punish for a wilful disregard of the command. The one belongs to the gen eral, administration of the law, the other is an exercise of judicial authority inherent in the Court, and indispensable in the exercise of its functions. If the act which shows the contempt constitutes also a criminal offence, it may be prosecuted and punished as such, notwithstanding the contempt has also been punished.
No cases have been cited in the argument to aid in the inquiry, nor have our own researches disclosed any. We do not undertake to say how far a succeeding Judge, in conducting the cause upon a proper application, may modify the terms of the order, or whether he may not possess the power under the general jurisdiction he is exercising, but, we think, after an appeal the action becomes final and conclusive. This is in harmony with the new enactment, Acts 1887, ch. 192, which in criminal and civil actions alike, leaves in force from its rendition the judgment from which the appeal is taken, when there is found to be no error and the judgment is affirmed.
The judgment in this case is affirmed.
No error. Affirmed.