(after stating the facts). Such was the condition of the record when the transcript was first filed in this Court. On plaintiff’s application a certiorari was awarded looking to a perfection of the record in the Court below, and a 'transmission of it when corrected, in order to an understanding of the matter intended to be reviewed. In answer to the writ, we have the amended judgment with the finding by the Judge who tried the cause, of the facts that occurred while it was in progress, not material to be set out in detail, which judgment, reciting the issues and. jury findings, proceeds thus:
“ And it being admitted by the plaintiff that the execution under which the land was sold on the 9th June, 1879, was issued upon a judgment recovered on a debt contracted prior to 1868, and that the amount of said execution debt, principal, interest and costs was about eighty dollars, and that at the time of such sale the homestead of the defendant had not been assigned to him in the said land, and that the defendant was then in the possession thereof, and it appearing from the verdict and the said admitted fact that the land was of sufficient value to constitute defendant a homestead as well .as satisfy the said execution.
*481The defendant now moving for judgment upon the fourth issue notwithstanding the verdict on the other issues :
It is ordered and adjudged by the Court, that the plaintiff take nothing by this action and that the defendant go hence without day, and recover his costs”.
The return with this modification, in no way removes the difficulty intrinsic in the record in showing a judgment for the defendant, which, with the finding upon the fourth issue unexplained, should have been for the plaintiff. ' Even with the explanation, to say the least; the findings are in conflict, and leave us no other course to pursue but to set aside the verdict, and direct a venire de novo, as was done in Mitchell v. Brown, 88 N. C., 156; and in Turrentine v. Railroad, 92 N. C., 638.
The matter. contained in the last issue, if the ruling be conceded to be right, was a defence available under the first issue as to title, and the separate finding as to value, would then have required a negative answer to that issue,, and thus put an end to the cause. But it is impossible to sustain a judgment, which must in this Court be rendered “ on inspection of the whole record,” The Code, §957, and which is in direct conflict with the verdict. Nor has the course taken any sanction in the practice of rendering judgment non obstante veredicto.
It was pressed in argument, that the finding upon the last issue is special, and controls the general findings, upon the others under §410 of The Code. But this is a misconstruction of the statute, which will be readfiy seen by recurring to sections 408 and 409 preceding, whore general and special verdicts are defined and distinguished. A general verdict is one in which the finding is in favor of one of the parties to the action; a special verdict finds the facts, but is not for or against either party, and becomes such only when the Court declares the law arising on the facts. Hilliard v. Outlaw, 72 N. C. 266. As we have said; upon such repugnant findings, *482without giving the certainty required to make the finding-on the fourth issue a defence, there is no alternative but to direct the verdict to be set aside and award a venire de novo. And it is so adjudged.
Error. Venire de novo.