When this case was called for argument, no counsel appeared for the appellant. The very intelligent counsel for the appellee, informed us that he was unable to learn from the record, what questions of law were raised and decided in the court below, aud what errors the appellant intended to assign, and so he declined to undertake to argue the case in the present state of the record.
It appears from the case stated, that “upon the whole evidence, the Court intimated that the plaintiff could not recover. In deference of this intimation, the plaintiff submitted to a non-suit and appealed.” No alleged errors are formally assigned, nor do grounds of error appear with reasonable certainty in the record. There is much documentary and other evidence, but its purport, bearings and application are not pointed out, and we are left in these respects largely to conjecture. We might, or might not, reach the merits of the case, if we were to undertake to hear and determine it in its present shape. The Court will not act upon such confusion and uncertainty. The alleged errors must be assigned fonnally, or appear by reasonable implication and with reasonable certainty.
Where the Court intimates the opinion upon the whole evidence, that the plaintiff cannot recover, and he submits, in deference to the opinion of the Court, to a judgment of non-suit, and the evidence is simple, and its application and bearings are manifest, it will be sufficient to except generally to the ruling of the Court. In such a case, if there be error, the Court can see and correct it. But it is different where, as in this case, the evidence is voluminous and complicated. In such cases, the exceptions should point out the relations of one part of the evi*222dence with another, when this is not apparent; and where the appellant insists that a particular part of the evidence has aspecial bearing or effect, the view contended for by him, should appear as having been denied by the Court. This is essential to clearness, and a just decision of the questions the appellant intends to present by the record.
It is the duty of the appellant to assign error, and make the same appear, if there be any. Otherwise, ordinarily, the judgment will be affirmed. And therefore, as errors are not sufficiently assigned in this case, we might at once affirm the judgment. As, however, the appellant seems to have supposed that it was sufficient, under a loose but unwarranted practice, to send up the evidence as a mass in such cases, and have this court to search without chart or compass for any possible error of the Court in respect to it, we deem it but just and proper to afford him opportunity to make the case upon appeal more intelligible. To that end, the case must be remanded, unless the parties can agree to make the necessary amendments in this court. It is so ordered.