The special verdict in this case is defective in a material respect, and the court is, therefore, unable to determine, upon the facts found, whether in law the offence charged in the indictment was committed or not.
In every special verdict, the jury must find all the facts essential to constitute the offence charged in the indictment. The *481court cannot supply facts, nor draw inferences from evidence set forth in the verdict: it must say upon the facts found that in law they constitute or do not constitute the offence charged, and thereupon the verdict of the jury is entered in accordance with the opinion of the court. When the special verdict is thus defective, the court will direct a venire de novo. State v. Wallace, 3 Ired., 195; State v. Curtis, 71 N. C., 56; State v. Long, 74 N. C., 121; State v. Blue, 84 N. C., 807.
The special verdict in this case is defective, in that t'he intent is not found as a fact. There may be evidence of intent, but the fact is not found by the jury. In larceny, the intent is an essential ingredient: the taking must he felonious, that is, done animo furandi, and there is no larceny without such intent. And this material fact must be found in the special verdict — not simply evidence from which the intent may be inferred. The jury must find the fact from the evidence before them, and the intent is a question for the jury. Arch. Cr. Pl., 172; State v. Watts, 10 Ired., 369; State v. Curtis, supra.
Whether, if the fact oí felonious intent were found in the special verdict, the facts would constitute the offence of larceny, or the offence of obtaining goods by false pretence, or some other offence, is not a question we are now called upon to decide.
There is error. The judgment must be reversed, the special verdict set aside, and a venire de novo awarded, and it is accordingly so ordered.
Error. Venire de novo.