The tract of laud purchased by the defendant contained 486 acres, whereas he believed it contained upwards of 700 acres. It is found by the Court trying the facts as a jury, that the quantity of land supposed was a material inducement to the purchase, and that the defendant was deceived into the purchase by’the false and fraudulent representations of Banner, who was appointed by the Court, Commissioner to make the sale, and did sell the land to the defendant. 'When representations are made by one party to a contract, which may be reasonably relied on by the other, and those representations are false and fraudulent and cause injury and loss to the party relying on them, he is entitled to relief
The maxim of caveat emptor does not apply in cases w7here there is actual fraud. The representations of Banner, and his exhibit of the map and plat of the land, and his calcula*126tions of the quantity, not only caused the defendant to make no survey, but put to sleep any further inquiry as to the quantity of land. An actual survey was thus prevented by the artifice and contrivance of the other party. This reasonably accounts for the apparent laches of the defendant in not sooner discovering the fraud. Wilcoxon v. Calloway, 67 N. C. 463. Walsh v. Hall, 66 N. C. 233.
Banner, the Commissioner, was the officer appointed by the Court to make the sale under its dii’ection, and when the frauds of its officer in executing its orders are brought to its notice, the Court will give redress to the party injured.
Where the quantity of land- represented, is the inducement to the purchase, and fraud in the sale is alleged and found, it is not a proper ground for an abatement of the price, but it vitiates the whole contract and is a sufficient ground for rescinding and setting aside the sale in toto. To this, we are informed by his counsel, the plaintiff assents. Unless therefore, the defendant elects to complete his purchase upon the terms of his contract with Banner, the contract of sale will be rescinded and set aside and, a resale ordered. It is alleged that valuable improvements have been put upon the premises by the defendant. If the land sells for so much, he is entitled to the repayment, with interest, of the purchase money paid and also to the value of his improvements put upon the land ; with the qualification however, that the improvements must be estimated according to the enhanced value conferred upon the land thereby. The defendant must account for rents and profits. A reference and account will be had. There is error. Judgment reversed and case remanded to be proceeded with in accordance with this opinion.
Per Cueiam. Judgment reversed.