If Sharp were negligent in calling the plaintiff into the street for the purpose of asking him directions, and this is not conceded, it was negligence for the plaintiff to voluntarily comply with his request. The defendant has no greater duty to protect the plaintiff than the plaintiff has for his own safety. “The law imposes upon every person the duty to exercise for his own safety that degree of care which a reasonably prudent person would employ in the circumstances.” Strong’s N. C. Index, Vol. 3, Negligence, § 11, p. 458. The plaintiff contends as negligence that Sharp did not warn him of the approaching car and that “he was oblivious to his surroundings and did not hear the (Williams) car approaching.” However, his complaint refutes this position when he says in Paragraphs XI and XII that while he was conversing with Sharp he was “attracted by a noise in front of the truck . . . that he looked and saw the automobile . . . headed to the left and western side of said road, and that the plaintiff grabbed portions of said truck, placed his feet on the fenders of said truck and was pulling himself onto said truck when the automobile . . . struck the plaintiff from the side.”
It is apparent that Sharp had no greater knowledge of the danger than the plaintiff; that the plaintiff actually had time to place his feet on the fenders and was pulling himself on to the truck when hit by the Williams car.
“The failure of the driver of a car to warn a guest, alighting from the car, that a vehicle was approaching, is without significance when the guest already knew of the approaching vehicle.”
*101“Assuming the sufficiency of plaintiff’s evidence to warrant submission of the negligence issue on the crucial question posed, acceptance of this evidence in the light most favorable to plaintiff leads to the inescapable conclusion that plaintiff, with knowledge of all the facts, had equal, if not better, opportunity reasonably to foresee such intervening action on the part of the operator of the Munden car.” Ibid., p. 552.
Foreseeability being one of the necessary ingredients of proximate cause (Griffin v. Blankenship, 248 N.C. 81, 102 S.E. 2d 451) it would be placing an impractical burden on Sharp to foresee that Williams would recklessly drive his car on the wrong side of the road when ample space on his own side was available.
Based upon his complaint the plaintiff was injured by the sole and exclusive negligence of Williams, and no actionable negligence of Sharp and his employer is alleged.
The demurrer was properly sustained.
Moore, J., not sitting.