Petitioner has one assignment of error, which is as follows: “To the action of the Court in signing the Judgment in the proceeding.”
An issue of fact arises upon the pleadings whenever a material fact is maintained by one party and controverted by the other. G.S. 1-196 and 1-198; Wells v. Clayton, 236 N.C. 102, 72 S.E. 2d 16; Baker v. Construction Corp., 255 N.C. 302, 121 S.E. 2d 731. “A material fact is one which constitutes a part of the plaintiff’s cause of action or the defendant’s defense.” Wells v. Clayton, supra.
The North Carolina Constitution, Art. I, sec. 19, states in relevant part: “In all controversies at law respecting property, the ancient mode of trial by jury is-one of the best securities of the rights of the people, and ought to remain sacred and inviolable.” Under this constitutional provision, “trial by jury is only guaranteed where the prerogative existed at common law or by statute at the time the Constitution was adopted.” Belk’s Dept. Store, Inc. v. Guilford County, 222 N.C. 441, 23 S.E. 2d 897; 2 McIntosh, N. C. Practice and Procedure, 2d Ed., §§ 1431, 1432, 1433. G.S. 1-172 provides in relevant part: “An issue of fact must be tried by a jury, unless a trial by jury is waived or a reference ordered.” Sparks v. Sparks, 232 N.C. 492, 61 S.E. 2d 357. The North Carolina Constitution, Art. IV, sec. 13, provides in relevant part: “In all issues of fact, joined in any court, the parties may waive the right to have the same determined by- a jury. . . .” G.S. 1-184 provides for waiver of trial by jury. G.S. 1-174 reads in relevant part: “All issues of fact joined before the clerk shall be transferred to the superior court for trial at the next succeeding term. . . .” G.S. 1-273 reads as follows: “If issues of law and of fact, or of fact only, are raised before the clerk, he shall transfer the case to the civil issue docket for trial of the issues at the next ensuing term of the superior court.” “If issues of fact are raised in special proceedings before the clerk, the cause is transferred to the civil issue docket, to be tried as in an ordinary civil action.” 2 McIntosh, N. C. Practice and Procedure, 2d Ed., § 1432, p. 4.
The sole assignment of error here is to the signing of the judgment, and appellate review is limited to the question of whether error of law appears on the face of the record proper. 1 Strong’s N. C. Index, Appeal and Error, § 21, and supplement to Vol. I, Appeal and Error, § 21. It is now our task to apply the rules of law above stated to the instant appeal.
These facts appear on the face of the record proper: The petition and answer here present a controversy “at law respecting property,” and raise an issue of fact as to the ownership of the $1,283.95 in money deposited in the office of the clerk of the Superior Court of *208Moore County. This is the appeal entry to the order of Bessie Beck, assistant clerk of the Superior Court of Moore County, signed by her: “To the foregoing order the petitioner appeals and same is transferred to Civil Issue Docket.” There is nothing in the record before us to indicate that petitioner and respondent have waived their constitutional and statutory right to have the issue of fact joined on the pleadings tried by a jury. North Carolina Constitution, Art. IV, sec. 13; G.S. 1-184. Here, there is no question of reference. Therefore, Judge McConnell had no authority to enter an order affirming the order of the assistapt clerk of the Superior Court of Moore County, which in effect is a determination by Judge McConnell of the issue of fact raised by the pleadings and a finding by him that the $1,283.95 deposited in the office of the clerk of the Superior Court of Moore County were funds belonging to the late Mary Alice Wallace, and an order that said money be distributed to H. F. Seawell, Jr. as administrator c.t.a. of the last will and testament of Mary Alice Wallace. This error of law appears on the face of the record proper. In consequence, Judge McConnell’s order is set aside. The ordinary procedure in such cases is to remand the proceeding for a new trial to the end that the determinative issue of fact raised by the pleadings here may be submitted to a jury for decision. Sparks v. Sparks, supra. However, this appears in the testimony of Nonnie E. Hadlock in the record. On her direct examination she testified: “I do not have the money; the Sheriff came and took it away from me that evening serving a search warrant, and this money is now on deposit with the Clerk of Superior Court of Moore County.” On cross-examination she testified: “Claim and delivery papers were served on me, but I didn’t give any bond for it, and the money was turned over to the Sheriff who took it from my house.” There is nothing in the record to indicate who caused the search warrant or the claim and delivery writ to be issued. Claim and delivery “is only a writ or order issued in a pending civil action for the recovery of specific personal property.” 2 McIntosh, N. C. Practice and Procedure, 2d Ed., § 2151. If Nonnie E. Hadlock was correct in stating the money was taken from her by virtue of a claim and delivery writ, it is manifest she was not plaintiff in the said action in which the claim and delivery writ was issued. We cannot determine from the confused state of the record before us as to whether there is another and prior action pending between the same parties for the same cause. If Nonnie E. Hadlock was not correct in stating the money was taken from her by virtue of a claim and delivery writ, but was correct in saying “the Sheriff came and took it away from me that evening serving a search warrant,” there is nothing in the record to indicate who caused the search warrant to be issued or *209under what circumstances it was issued or in what proceeding. Therefore, in the confused state of the record, we content ourselves with setting aside Judge McConnell’s order.
Order set aside.
Moore, J., not sitting.