The facts alleged and those which arise from them by fair implication disclose the claim resulted from an injury to Bever-lyan Turner, a pupil, while she was in the act of entering one of .the public schools of the City of Gastonia. The injury was caused by the negligent manner in which Houston D. Tolbert operated a lawnmower upon the school grounds. Houston D. Tolbert, at the time, was an employee of the Gastonia City Board of Education.
The claimant contended, as a matter of law: (1) That Houston D. *460Tolbert, having been employed by the Gastonia City Board of Education to mow the school grounds, was, by reason of such employment, an employee of the North Carolina State Board of Education. (2) That claimant may recover from the State Board damages caused by the negligent act in a tort claim proceeding before the North Carolina Industrial Commission.
The first question presented is whether the City and State Boards of Education may challenge the claim by demurrer.
The North Carolina Industrial Commission is constituted a court by G.S. 143-291 to hear and pass “on tort claims against the State Board of Education, the State Highway & Public Works Commission, and all other departments, institutions, and agencies of the State.”
The jurisdiction of the Commission is invoked by affidavit in duplicate setting forth certain facts which constitute the basis for the claim. G.S. 143-297; Floyd v. State Highway Commission, 241 N.C. 461, 85 S.E. 2d 703; Alliance Co. v. State Hospital, 241 N.C. 329, 85 S.E. 2d 386. Adherence to formal rules of pleading is not required but the claim should state facts sufficient to identify the agent or employee and a brief statement of the negligent act that caused the injury. Upon the filing of a claim, the duty devolves upon the Industrial Commission to conduct a hearing, find facts, state conclusions of law, and make an award based thereon. However, if the claim, upon its face, shows that the State department or agency sought to be charged is not liable, then the Commission may end the proceeding. It seems that a proper way to take advantage of the defect is by demurrer. “A demurrer is a form of pleading incident to every kind of judicial proceeding, and may be defined as an allegation that, admitting the facts of the preceding pleading to be true as stated, no cause is shown why demurrant should' be compelled to proceed further.” 71 C.J.S., “Pleadings,” §211. See Hoover v. U. S. 253 Fed. 2d 266; Wooldridge Mfg. Co. v. U. S., 235 Fed 2d 513. From the foregoing, we conclude that the respondents (boards of education) may challenge the claim -by demurrer and have it dismissed if it shows upon its face, as a matter of law, that it cannot be maintained against either board.
The brief of the claimant, the briefs of the City and State Boards of Education, and the judgment entered in the court below state the question in the same words: “Is an employee of a city board of education an agent of the State within the meaning of .the State Tort Claims Act?” However, the claim is filed against both the Gastonia City Board of Education and the State Board of Education. The judgment sustained the demurrer and dismissed' the claim as to both. *461The writ of certiorari brings the entire record up for review: "... Its (certiorari) office extends to the review of all questions of jurisdiction, power, and authority of the inferior tribunal to do the action complained of ... ” Belk’s Department Store v. Guilford County, 222 N.C. 441, 23 S.E. 2d 897; Chambers v. Board of Adjustment, 250 N.C. 194. It is necessary, therefore, for us to review the judgment of the superior court as it relates to both the Gastonia City and the State Boards of Education.
Is the Gaston City Board of Education liable for the injury? Although -at the time of the injury the city schools were operated by trustees, the City Board of Education has succeeded to their powers, duties, and liabilities and, if the trustees were liable, it appears the liability would devolve upon the city board.
The claimant contends that county and city boards of education are made corporate bodies by G.S. 115-27 (1957 Supplement), with power to sue and defend actions against them. G.S. 115-31. Their duties and powers are fixed by G.S. 115-35:
“1. ... It shall be the duty of county and city boards of education to provide an adequate school system within their respective administrative units, as directed by law.”
“2. . . . Al-1 powers and -duties conferred and imposed by law respecting public schools, which are not expressly conferred and imposed upon some other official, are conferred and imposed upon county and city boards of education. Said boards of education shall have general control and supervision of all matters pertaining to the public schools in their respective units and they shall enforce the school law in their respective units.”
G.S. 115-47 (1957 Supplement) provides: “It shall be the duty of every county -and city board of education to provide for the prompt monthly payment of all salaries due teachers, other school officials and employees, all current bills and other necessary operating expenses.”
By Chapter 1256, Session Laws of 1955, the General Assembly provided:
“Any county or city board of education, by securing liability insurance as hereinafter provided, is hereby authorized and empowered to waive its governmental immunity from liability for damage by reason of death or injury to person or property caused by the negligence or tort of any agent or employee of such board of education when acting within the scope of his authority or within the course of his employment. Such immunity shall be deemed *462to have been waived by the act of obtaining such insurance, but such immunity is waived only to the extent that said board of education is indemnified by insurance for such negligence or tort ... “A county or city board of education may incur liability pursuant to this Act only with respect to a claim arising after such board of education has procured liability insurance pursuant to ■this Act and during the time when such insurance is in force.”
The foregoing provisions became effective on May 25, 1955. The claimant’s injury occurred on May 11, 1955. We must determine the liability as of the date the injmy occurred. Tucker v. Highway Commission, 247 N.C. 171, 100 S.E. 2d 514. We conclude the Gastonia City Board of Education was. not liable for the tort of its employee, Houston D. Tolbert, on May 11, 1955, because on that date the Board and its predecessors, the trustees, retained governmental immunity. The act lifting the immunity, in its nature, was not retroactive. The waiver was conditioned on the Board’s obtaining liability insurance, which necessarily would be prospective in order to be within the period of coverage. We do not pass on the question whether, after obtaining insurance, a claim for damages for an employee’s negligence may be maintained by a claim before the North Carolina Industrial Commission or whether by an action in the superior court.
At the time of claimant’s injury, the county boards of education, by G.S. 115-54, 55, and 56, and the city boards, by G.S. 115-8, were given general control and .supervision of all matters pertaining to the public schools in their respective units, except as to such matters as the law assigned to the State Board of Education or other authorized agency. The duty of selecting janitors was not so assigned and consequently remained with the local boards. See generally, Kirby v. Board of Education, 230 N.C. 619, 55 S.E. 2d 322; Coggins v. Board of Education, 223 N.C. 763, 28 S.E. 2d 527; Key v. Board of Education, 170 N.C. 123, 86 S.E. 1002. It would be unrealistic, indeed, to conclude the county boards of education and city trustees did not have the authority to select, hire, direct, and supervise those selected to care for the school buildings and grounds within their jurisdiction on May 11, 1955. Lack of such power would be entirely inconsistent with the duties assigned to these units both before and after the changes made 'by the Act effective May 25, 1955. That Act made no substantial change in the budgetary methods or in plant and grounds maintenance and management. Coggins v. Board of Education, supra.
The General Assembly created the State Board of Education and fixed .its duties. It is an agency of the State with statewide application. The General Assembly likewise created the county and city *463boards and fixed their duties which are altogether local. The Tort Claims Act, applicable to the State Board of Education and to the State departments and agencies, does not include local units such as county and city boards of education.
The parties admit that Houston D. Tolbert was employed by the Gastonia City Board of Education to do maintenance work on the city school grounds. Is he, thereby, an employee of the State? The question was not decided in Adams v. Board of Education, 248 N.C. 506, 103 S.E. 2d 854.
Tort claims may be filed before the Industrial Commission against “the State Board of Education, State Highway & Public Works Commission, and all other departments, institutions, and agencies of the State.” Claims for tort liability are allowed only by virtue of the waiver of the State’s immunity. Floyd v. State Highway & Public Works Commission, supra. Under the ordinary rules of construction, “departments, institutions, and agencies of the State” must be interpreted in connection with the preceding designation, “State Board of Education and State Highway & Public Works Commission.” Where words of general enumeration follow those of specific classification, the general words will be interpreted to fall within the same category as those previously designated. The maxim ejusdem generis applies especially to the construction of legislative enactments. It is founded upon the obvious reason that if the legislative body had intended the general words to be used in their unrestricted -sense the specific words would have been omitted. Chambers v. Board of Adjustment, 250 N. C. 195; 82 C.J.S., “Statutes,” 661, 662. In no sense may we consider the Gastonia City Board of Education in the same category as the State Board of Education and the State Highway & Public Works Commission. For example, we may well consider the State Board of Agriculture, G.S. 106-2, the Board of Conservation and Development, G.S. 113-4, and the State Board of Public Welfare, G.S. 108-1, in' the same general category as the State Board of Education and the State Highway & Public Works Commission. The Gastonia City Board of Education does not meet the ¡classification. County and city boards of education serve very important, though purely local functions. The State contributes to the ¡school fund, but the local boards select and hire the teachers, other employees and operating personnel*. The local boards run the schools.
Claims have been allowed against the State Board of Education for torts committed by school bus drivers ¡serving local schools. However, at the time, the busses were owned and operated by the State Board of Education. When the State board gave up the operation *464and transferred the busses .to the local boards, the Legislature provided (1957 Supplement, §115-181), upon such transfer that, “Neither the State nor the State Board of Education shall in any manner be liable ... for any neglect or other action of any county or city board of education, or any employee of any such board, in the operation or maintenance of any school bus.” The provision was made by reason of the fact that the State Board of Education had previously operated the busses, and upon the transfer of ownership and operation the State was disclaiming responsibility for negligent operations after the transfer. As a corollary to the Act withdrawing liability of the State Board of Education for negligent acts of school bus drivers, the General Assembly placed the financial responsibility for such act squarely on the county and city boards of education. G.S. 143-300.1. The section, effective July 1, 1955, amended the State Tort Claims Act by prescribing that .claims against county and city boards for such injuries shall be heard by the North Carolina Industrial Commission under rules of liability and procedure as provided with respect to tort claims .against the State Board of Education.
In this case the claim against the Gastonia School Trustees and their successors could not be maintained for an injury caused by a negligent employee on May 11, 1955, because of their governmental immunity. Likewise the claim could not be maintained against the State Board of Education for the reason that the employee of the Gastonia City School Trustees was not an employee of the State Board of Education. The claim here involved, upon its face, shows it cannot be maintained against either respondent. “If the cause of action, as stated . . . is-inherently bad, why permit him to proceed further in the case, for if he proves everything that he alleges he must eventually fail in the action.” Ice Cream Co. v. Ice Cream Co., 238 N.C. 317, 77 S.E. 2d 910.
The judgment of the Superior Court of Gaston County sustaining the demurrer and dismissing the claim is