The plaintiff does not allege that the complaint in the action of J. S. Gaul v. Shippers Express, Inc., filed in the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, 13 December, 1950, or the answer thereto contains any allegation that is not true or that the pleadings 'filed therein were insufficient to justify the court in granting the relief sought.
The proceeding in the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County appears to be regular on its face, and the court being one of competent jurisdiction in receivership proceedings, and having acquired jurisdiction of the parties and the subject matter in controversy, it may not be interfered with by any other court of co-ordinate authority. 14 Am. Jur., Courts, Sec. 243, p. 435 et seq. “That court which first takes cognizance of the controversy is entitled to retain jurisdiction until the end of the litigation, to the exclusion of all interference by other courts of concurrent jurisdiction,” Gluck & Becker on Rec., Sec. 430, and quoted with approval by Clark, J. (later Chief Justice) in the case of Worth v. Bank, 121 N.C. 343, 28 S.E. 2d 488.
The mere fact that in a proceeding for the appointment of a Receiver for a debtor, the debtor admits the allegations of the complaint and joins in the prayer for the' appointment of a Receiver, if done in good faith, such admissions are insufficient to show fraud or collusion, nor does it depriye the proceeding of its adversary character, or the court of its jurisdiction. In many instances the owner of property for which a Receiver is sought cannot in good faith deny the allegations of the complaint, and the best interests of such defendant may require acquiescence in the request for a Receiver. In re Reisenberg, 208 U.S. 90, 52 L. Ed. 403; First Nat. Bank v. U. S. Encaustic Tile Co., 105 Ind. 227, 4 N.E. 846; 45 Am. Jur., Receivers, Sec. 119, p. 101.
*41Tbe appointment of a Receiver tinder a consent decree does not render bis authority subject to collateral attack. 45 Am. Jur., Receivers, Sec. Ill, p. 99.
In tbe case of Rousseau v. Call, 169 N.C. 173, 85 S.E. 414, where tbe Receiver instituted an action and tbe legality of bis appointment was challenged, Hoke, J., in speaking for tbe Court, said: “Tbe court, in tbe exercise of its jurisdiction, having entered judgment appointing plaintiff receiver, its judgment is not open to collateral attack, and, even if tbe order was improvidently made, its propriety is not open to question in this suit.”
Where there is just ground for it, a Receiver can always be removed upon application to tbe proper judge. Mitchell v. Realty Co., 169 N.C. 516, 86 S.E. 358; Fisher v. Trust Co., 138 N.C. 90, 50 S.E. 592.
This Court, in Surety Corp. v. Sharpe, 232 N.C. 98, 59 S.E. 2d 593, speaking through Ervin, J., said: “Tbe law contemplates tbe settlement of all claims against tbe insolvent debtor in tbe original action in which tbe receiver is appointed, except in tbe infrequent instances where tbe appointing court, for good cause shown, grants leave to a claimant to bring an independent action against tbe receiver,” citing Black v. Power Co., 158 N.C. 468, 74 S.E. 468.
It is well settled, however, in this jurisdiction, that “tbe law does not tolerate that tbe same counsel may appear on both sides of an adversary proceeding, even eolorably; and in general will not permit a judgment or decree so affected to stand if made tbe subject of exception in due time by parties injured thereby.” Moore v. Gidney, 75 N.C. 34; Molyneux v. Huey, 81 N.C. 106; Arrington v. Arrington, 116 N.C. 170, 21 S.E. 181; Marcom v. Wyatt, 117 N.C. 129, 23 S.E. 169; Patrick v. Bryan, 202 N.C. 62, 162 S.E. 207.
In each of the last cited cases, except Marcom v. Wyatt, the' injured party or parties filed a motion in the cause to set aside the judgment theretofore entered in said cause, on tbe ground that counsel represented conflicting interests. In Marcom v. Wyatt, supra, the guardian ad litem interposed an objection to the confirmation of the sale of real estate, in which the infant was interested, on the ground that the attorney for the administrator who instituted the proceeding was also the legal adviser of tbe defendant guardian ad litem and prepared tbe answer.
The rule which forbids the same attorney from representing both parties in an adversary proceeding is based upon the broad principle of public policy, which precludes persons occupying fiduciary relations from representing conflicting interests. Arrington v. Arrington, supra. See also Cotton Mills v. Cotton Mills, 116 N.C. 647, 21 S.E. 431, and cf. Moseley v. Deans, 222 N.C. 731, 24 S.E. 2d 630.
*42And while there is nothing to indicate that the able counsel who brought the original action against his corporate client, and prepared the answer for it, intended to do anything prejudicial to either party, if it can be shown that in the proceeding, adversary in form, there were conflicting or antagonistic interests to be litigated between the parties, and that the plaintiff has been injured thereby, it would seem that upon such showing he would be entitled to have the judgment vacated. This, however, would not prevent the court from making such further orders as might be necessary in order to protect the interests of the respective parties. Marconi v. Wyatt, supra.
The ruling of the court below to the effect that plaintiff’s remedy, if any, is a motion in the cause in the Superior Court of Mecklenburg County, where the original action is pending, will be upheld.
The judgment of the court below is