The defendant’s exceptions are directed to alleged error in the charge of 'the court. Specifically he challenges the correctness of the charge on the defendant’s right of self-defense. This is the only question presented.
On defendant’s plea of self-defense the court first fully and correctly charged the jury as to the right of defendant to defend himself or any member of his family against an unprovoked assault. In so doing it did not place the duty on the defendant, under any circumstance, to retreat. To this charge there is no exception.
The court then correctly charged the law as to defendant’s right of self-defense if it should be found by the jury that he provoked or willingly entered into an affray in which deadly weapons were used. To this portion of the charge defendant excepts. The exception is without merit.
The evidence for the State tends to show that defendant provoked and willingly entered into a gun battle with Wilson. He pleaded self-defense. It was necessary, therefore, for the court to explain and apply the law of self-defense to this evidence as well as to that which was more favorable to the defendant. This it did in language heretofore approved by this Court. S. v. Medlin, 126 N. C., 1121; S. v. Garland, 138 N. C., 675; S. v. Kennedy, 169 N. C., 326, 85 S. E., 42; S. v. Koutro, 210 N. C., 144, 185 S. E., 682; S. v. Miller, 221 N. C., 356, 20 S. E. (2d), 674; 4 A. J., 149.
The only other exception is directed to an excerpt from the charge in which the court required the jury, in order to return a verdict of guilty, to find beyond a reasonable doubt not only that defendant committed an assault on. Wilson with a deadly weapon but also that he “committed it under facts and circumstances which indicate it was not done while he was entitled to defend himself that it was not done in his proper self-defense . . .” The error here, if any, was favorable to defendant and gives him no cause to complain.
A careful examination of the record leads to the conclusion that defendant has had a fair and impartial trial in which the court fully and *149correctly explained and applied tbe law arising on evidence offered by tbe State on tbe one band and by tbe defendant on tbe other. Tbe verdict and judgment must be sustained.