Tbe first exceptive assignments of error broug'ht forward in appellant’s brief are Nos. 1, 7, 21, 22, 23, and 28. These exceptions are based upon the fact that the court permitted the witnesses for the State, over objection of defendant, to testify as to the condition of the defendant’s crop, which appellant contends served no purpose except to prejudice the jury against him. One witness, O. H. Smith, testified: “Two days after the killing I went over the crop. Looked it all over good. I don’t think I have ever been in as sorry worked crop.” These objections are all taken to the admission of evidence as to the conditions of the crops which the defendant was working as tenant of the deceased, to the terms of the contract between the deceased and the defendant, and to the refusal of the deceased to sign a lien waiver to enable the defendant to raise money on government mortgage with which to pay for tires and repairs to his automobile. All of this evidence was competent to show ill will of the defendant toward the deceased engendered by continued complaints made to him for the failure to sign lien waivers. We hold that the evidence assailed was competent to show motive. It was difficult to prove important and material facts without the witness giving evidence of them by speaking of them, it was inseparately connected with the evidence of the crime and the prisoner cannot successfully complain that it placed him in a bad light on the trial. S. v. Moore, 104 N. C., 743, 10 S. E., 183. There is nothing to indicate that evidence under discussion was introduced or used for the purpose of showing the character of the defendant or prejudice him before the jury.
In S. v. Wilcox, 132 N. C., 1120-1144, 44 S. E., 625, this Court said: “ ‘In the administration of the criminal law any fact shedding light upon the motives of the transaction will not be excluded from the consideration of the jury, whether it goes to the attestation of innocence or points to the perpetrator of the crime.’ ... A man’s motive may be gathered from his acts, and so his conduct may be gathered from the motive by which he was known to be influenced. Proof that the party accused was influenced by a strong motive of interest to commit the offense proved to have been committed, although, weak and inclusive in itself, yet it is a circumstance to be used in conjunction with others which tend to implicate the accused.”
In addition to the assigned reasons for failing to sustain this objection there was practically no denial of the testimony objected to, and for that reason also we cannot hold such evidence as prejudicial.
The defendant objected to the fact that the State’s witness was permitted to testify as to a conversation with the defendant immediately *373after bis arrest without first having cautioned the prisoner of his rights. Declarations and admissions of a defendant are always competent against him in a criminal action. S. v. Abernethy, 220 N. C., 226, 17 S. E. (2d), 25; S. v. Ragland, ante, 162.
Under proper exceptions the defendant in his brief complains that a witness for the State was permitted to testify, over objection, as to a conversation between himself and a third person in- the absence of the defendant. This is not sustained by the record. The witness was relating his conversation with the defendant as to where his gun had been left after the killing and the question as to where the witness had found the body of deceased. These were properly admitted and the exceptions cannot be held for reversible error.
Under Exception 8 the' defendant excepts to the admission of testimony as to the description of the wounds found on the deceased. Evidence of this character is competent as showing the violence of the transaction. Exception not sustained.
Exception No. 9 was to testimony given by the State’s witness as follows: “The wound that went through his (deceased’s) arm into his chest was the worst single wound I have ever seen blowed into a man.” The defendant contends that this evidence was not only incompetent but was harmful. While we have some misgivings as to the evidence being harmful, in view of the admission of the killing by the defendant, an examination of the record discloses that while there was no objection to the question which prompted the answer under discussion, no motion to strike the answer was made and no exception taken thereto. It is well settled that assignments of error should be based upon exceptions briefly and clearly stated and numbered in the record. . This exception is not tenable.
Exception No. 10 is to the State’s witness comparing the wound of the deceased with wounds of others. The court subsequently in its charge withdrew this .testimony and told the jury not to consider it, hence error, if any, in admitting the testimony was averted.
Exception No. 25 is taken to the admission of the testimony of the wife of the deceased as to the condition of his health just prior to the killing. In view of the admission of the killing by the defendant it is not seen how this testimony was in any wise prejudicial to the defendant. Hence this evidence is not held for reversible error.
Exception No. 26. Under this assignment of error the defendant in his brief argues his motion for judgment as of nonsuit. It is stated in S. v. Taylor, 213 N. C., 521, 196 S. E., 832, “The dealing of lethal blows after the deceased had been felled and rendered helpless was evidence from which the jury could infer the defendant’s deliberate and premeditated purpose.” This" assignment is not sustained.
*374As to certain assignments of error made to tbe alleged compulsion of tbe defendant to testify as to wbat be contends was a privileged communication between-bim and bis lawyer, Mr. Wilson, it should be noted that this testimony was first brought out by tbe defendant himself, hence it was opened to tbe State in cross-examination to pursue tbe subject. Jones v. Marble Co., 137 N. C., 237, 48 S. E., 94.
We have endeavored to give this case tbe careful examination it calls for in view of tbe vital interest of tbe appellant involved therein and we find no reversible error.