The jurisdiction in this Court in an action of this kind is to review, upon appeal, any decision of the courts below upon any matter of law or legal inferences. Constitution of North Carolina, Art. IV, sec. 8.
The first exceptions set out in appellant’s brief, Nos. 1 and 2, relate to the admission in evidence of certain statements made by the deceased to the effect that the defendant had shot him, offered by the State upon the theory of their being dying declarations. It is contended by the defendant that no proper basis for the introduction in evidence of such statements was laid. It is essential to the admissibility in evidence of statements by a decedent as dying declarations that the statements not only relate to the act of killing or to the circumstances so immediately attendant thereon as to constitute a part of the res gestee, but it must also appear that such statements were made by the victim in the present anticipation of death, which death ensues. It is true the deceased did not say he believed he was about to die, or he knew he would not live, but it appears from the record that he expressed doubt that “he would live through it” (his wound). But, however this may be, on appeal the action of the trial court is only reviewable to determine whether there was evidence to show facts necessary to support such ruling. S. v. Stewart, 210 N. C., 362, 186 S. E., 488. In the instant case, we think and so hold that there was sufficient evidence to support the ruling of the court below.
The next exceptions set out in appellant’s brief are exceptions 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 discussed together in such brief. Exception No. 3 is to that portion of his Honor’s charge defining manslaughter as follows: “Manslaughter, gentlemen, is the unlawful killing of a human being without malice.” It is contended by the defendant that the definition given of manslaughter was inadequate. The definition in the form given is in substantial compliance with that ofttimes given in this jurisdiction. S. v. Lance, 149 N. C., 551, 63 S. E., 198; S. v. Baldwin, 152 N. C., 822, 68 S. E., 148; S. v. Merrick, 171 N. C., 788, 88 S. E., 501; *653 S. v. Leonard, 195 N. C., 242, 141 S. E., 736; S. v. Hodgin, 210 N. C., 371, 186 S. E., 495, and eases there cited.
The next exceptions set out in the appellant’s brief are Exceptions Nos. 11, 12 and 13. These exceptions are all bottomed upon the asserted failure of the court to state the evidence and apply the law thereto as required by G. S., 1-180. However, the court explained the law on essential features of the case and clearly stated the evidence, although it may appear that such explanation and statement were made under the form of contentions. There was no error in this statement. The evidence was simple and direct and without equivocation and complication. There was no error claimed at the trial by the defendant. The statement of the evidence and the application of the law thereto was made in a correct manner. The record is free from error, hence the verdict must be upheld. The recapitulation of all the evidence is not required under G. S., 1-180, and nothing more is required than a clear instruction which applies the law to the evidence and gives the position taken by the parties as to the essential features of the case. Any error or omission in the statement of the evidence must be called to the attention of the court at the trial to avail the defendant any relief on his appeal. S. v. Graham, 194 N. C., 459, 140 S. E., 26; S. v. McNair, ante, 462, 38 S. E. (2d), 514.
On the record as presented, the validity of the trial will be upheld.