On the bearing the case was made to depend on the operation of tbe following clause in tbe will of J. R. Blinson, late of Wake County, this State:
“I give to my wife all tbe Property that I own her life time land and all to do as she pleases with and at her death tbe land is to go to Sallie *257A. Hocutt for ber life time and then to her bodily heirs if any and if none back to my Kin and My wife Kin all except the land. My wife can do as she pleases with it.”
Sarah L. Blinson, wife of the testator, died intestate in 1912 without having disposed of the land. The plaintiffs are her heirs and next of kin.
Sallie A. Hocutt, the first remainderman named in the will, died in 1941 without children or the issue of children. The interveners are her heirs and next of kin.
The defendants, Proctor A. Smith and wife, are in possession of the land under a deed from the heirs and next of kin of the testator.
The plaintiffs make two contentions: First, that the land was devised to Sarah L. Blinson, wife of the testator, in fee, and, secondly, that at least an undivided one-half interest in the land passed to the wife’s next of kin under the ulterior limitation.
The interveners claim as heirs and next of kin of Sallie A. Hocutt.
The trial court was of opinion that the “will failed to dispose of the real estate . . . beyond the date of the death of . . . Sallie A. Hocutt,” upon her dying without bodily heirs, which is found as a fact, and judgment was thereupon entered that “the said real estate reverted to the heirs at law of the said J. R. Blinson,” making good the deed from the heirs of the testator to the defendants.
It is apparent from a reading of the above testamentary clause that some of the materials of construction will be needed in this case.
The appropriate ones would seem to be:
1. The end to be sought in the interpretation of wills is to discover the intent of the testator, looking at the instrument from its four corners, and to give effect to such intent, unless at variance with some rule of law or contrary to public policy. Williams v. Rand, 223 N. C., 734; Heyer v. Bulluck, 210 N. C., 321, 186 S. E., 356.
2. In ascertaining the meaning of particular parts, the intention of the testator is to be gathered from the will as a whole. Apparent inconsistencies are to be reconciled, if reasonably accomplishable, so as to give effect to each in accordance with the general purpose of the will. 28 R. C. L., 217. “Every part of a will is to be considered in its construction, and no words ought to be rejected if any meaning can possibly be put upon them. Every string should give its sound.” Edens v. Williams, 7 N. C., 31.
3. A presumption exists that a testator intends to dispose of his entire estate and not to die intestate as to any part of his property. Gordon v. Ehringhaus, 190 N. C., 147, 129 S. E., 187; Powell v. Wood, 149 N. C., 235, 62 S. E., 1071; 28 R. C. L., 227. Testacy presupposes no intestacy. Reeves v. Reeves, 16 N. C., 386.
*258Applying these principles to the subject case, it seems clear the first contention of the plaintiffs that the devise to the testator’s wife is in fee cannot be sustained. Parks v. Robinson,, 138 N. 0., 269, 50 S. E., 649. At most, it is a life estate with power of disposal. Smith v. Hears, 218 N. C., 193, 10 S. E. (2d), 659.
Speaking to the question in Ghewning v. Mason, 158 N. 0., 578, 74 S. E., 357, Walker, J., delivering the opinion of the Court, concluded: “We may, therefore, take the rule to be settled that where lands are devised to one generally, and to be at his disposal, this is a fee in the devisee; but where they are devised to one expressly for life, and after-wards to be at his disposal, only an estate for life passes to the devisee, with a bare power to dispose of the fee.”
The second contention of the plaintiffs is more difficult. But first a word in respect of the intervening claim of the heirs and next of kin of Sallie A. Hocutt. She took a life estate in remainder with limitation to her bodily heirs, if any, and if none, then over. Murdock v. Deal, 208 N. C., 754, 182 S. E., 466. This excludes the application of the rule in Shelley’s case, Puckett v. Morgan, 158 N. C., 344, 74 S. E., 15, and as Sallie A. Hocutt died without bodily heirs the devise to her terminated at her death.
The question then arises, Who takes under the ulterior limitation?
It will be observed that the testator first gives to his wife her lifetime all of his property “land and all,” and at her death “the land” is to go to Sallie A. Hocutt her lifetime and finally upon the happening of an uncertain event it goes “back” to the testator’s kin and his wife’s kin “all except the land,” but his wife can do as she pleases with it. In other words, the testator wanted his wife to do as she pleased with all of his property, and he was desirous that his wife’s kin should contingently share in all “except the land.” This seems manifest from the repeated expression that the testator’s wife can do as she pleases with “it,” the land. Trust Co. v. Lindsay, 210 N. C., 652, 188 S. E., 94. Then, too, the word “back” may connote to its former family ownership.
The foregoing harmonization of the different clauses avoids any intestacy and gives effect to all parts of the will in accordance with the general rules of construction. “The object of all interpretation is to arrive at the intent and purpose expressed in the writing, looking at the instrument from its foiir corners, and to effectuate this intent and purpose unless at variance with some rule of law or contrary to public policy.” Kriies v. Plott, 222 N. C., 679, loe. cit. 683, 24 S. E. (2d), 531. On the other hand, to say the entire ulterior limitation has no application to the land would be to pose the question whether Sallie A. Hocutt takes a fee under the rule in Shelley’s case, Glover v. Glover, ante, 152; Bank v. Dortch, 186 N. 0., 510, 120 S. E., 60, as against a reversion to the *259beirs of tbe testator. Baugham, v. Trust Co., 181 N. C., 406, 107 S. E., 431.
Of course, much could be written in probing tbe mind of tbe testator, but it all comes at last to divining bis intent from tbe language of tbe will. In tbis case it may be “no more than guesswork,” Clement v. Whisnant, 208 N. O., 167, 179 S. E., 430, as tbe clause in question is very cloudily expressed, nevertheless by applying tbe rules of construction tbe intent is thus legally ascertained; whereas, if ignored, tbe Court might become tbe creator, rather than tbe discoverer, of tbe intent. After all, wills are made by testators. Thomas v. Houston, 181 N. O., 91, 106 S. E., 466. “If a will is sufficiently distinct and plain in its meaning as to enable tbe court to say that a particular person is to take, and that a particular thing passes, that is sufficient; and it must be construed upon its face without resorting to extraneous methods of explanation to give it point. Any other rule would place it practically within tbe power of interested persons to make a testator’s will, so as to meet tbe convenience and wishes of those who might claim to take under it”— Merrimon, J., in McDaniel v. King, 90 N. O., 597.
Since our conclusion has tbe same effect as tbe judgment below — tbe same persons taking tbe same estate whether by remainder or reversion, Baugham v. Trust Co., supra — tbe result will not be disturbed.