The only exception and assignment of error is to the granting of defendant’s motion for judgment as of nonsuit.
The obligation of a municipality to maintain its streets and sidewalks in a condition reasonably safe for those who have a right to use them in a proper manner, is well settled by numerous decisions of this Court. In the case of Markham v. Improvement Co., 201 N. C., 117, 158 S. E., 852, it is said: “The law imposes upon the governing authorities of a city or town the duty of exercising ordinary care to maintain its streets or sidewalks in a condition reasonably safe for those who may have occasion to use them in a proper manner. Such authorities are liable only for a negligent breach of duty, and for this reason it is necessary for a complaining party to show more than the existence of a' defect and the occurrence of an injury; he must show that the officers of the city knew, or by ordinary diligence, might have known of the defect. But actual notice is not required. Notice of a dangerous condition in a street may be implied, and indeed will be imputed to the city or town if its officers should have discovered it in the exercise of due care. This principle has been adhered to in our decisions and is now regarded as firmly established. Jones v. Greensboro, 124 N. C., 310; Kinsey v. Kinston, 145 N. C., 106; Bevis v. Raleigh, 150 N. C., 348; Bailey v. Winston, 157 N. C., 253.” Likewise, in the case of Oliver v. Raleigh, 212 N. C., 465, 193 S. E., 853, Justice Barnhill said: “Ordinarily sidewalks are constructed for the use of pedestrians and public streets for vehicular travel, except at street intersections. This does not necessarily mean that a pedestrian is prohibited from using any portion of a street except at an intersection, or that a city in no event would he liable for injuries sustained by a pedestrian while traversing or walking upon a public street at a place other than an intersection. Each case must be determined upon its merits. All portions of a public street from side to side and end to end are for the public use in appropriate and proper method, hut no greater duty is cast upon the city than that it shall maintain the respective portions of its streets in a reasonably safe condition for the purposes for which such portions of the streets are respectively devoted. Kohlof v. Chicago, 192 Ill., 249, 85 Am. S. R., 335.”
The appellant is relying on the case of Bailey v. Winston, 157 N. C., 252, 72 S. E., 966, in which case the city of 'Winston had caused an excavation to be made in the street and had neglected to see that it was carefully guarded, so as to be reasonably free from danger to travelers upon the street. We do not think the facts in the above case are analogous to those in the instant case. The city of Winston had made a contract for the excavation in its street and was fixed with notice of the conditions which existed. The evidence here does not fix the defendant with notice.
*23Under the decisions of this Court, in order for the plaintiff to recover she must show that the defect in the street was created by the municipality itself, by someone under its direction, or that it had actual or implied notice of the defect. The only evidence on the question of notice is to the effect that on Monday or Tuesday, next before this accident occurred on Wednesday night, an employee of the defendant cleaned out the, ditch between the street and sidewalk and threw the dirt or mud on that portion of the street used for vehicular and pedestrian traffic. There is no evidence that the employee of the defendant put the barrel hoop in the street or that it was there when he cleaned out the ditch. Neither is there any evidence of notice, actual or implied, to the officials of the town of Belhaven prior to this accident that the barrel hoop was imbedded in the dirt or mud which had been thrown into the street. In so far as the evidence in this case discloses, it is purely conjecture as to how and when the barrel hoop got into the street and became imbedded in the dirt or mud, causing the condition complained of by the plaintiff.
His Honor properly sustained defendant’s motion for judgment as of nonsuit. The judgment of the court below is