The sole question presented by the brief of the appellant is: Was there sufficient evidence to be submitted to the jury upon an essential element of the crime charged, namely, that the defendant was sworn in the former trial in which it was alleged the false statement was made? There was ample evidence that the statement was made in a court of competent jurisdiction, that it was false, and that it was material to the issue being tried.
The evidence relied upon by the State relative to the question involved in this appeal consisted of (1) the testimony of Miss Kate Wade, who testified that she was the court reporter at the October Term, 1939, of Dare County Superior Court, in the case of “State v. E. L. Mann,” and that she transcribed the evidence that E. L. Mann gave in that case, and identified the trancription of his testimony, whereupon (2) such transcription was introduced in evidence, containing, inter alia, the following : “E. L. Mann, being duly sworn, testified: . . . I wasn’t driving at all. . . . Mrs. Midgette was driving and stopped and said let somebody else drive, she didn’t want to drive any more. . . .” (3) the testimony of W. J. Griffin that he was one of the jurors in the case where the defendant “was tried for drunken driving,” and that “he testified that Mrs. Midgette was driving the night of the collision,” and (4) the testimony of C. S. Gregory that “Mr. Mann testified that the car was stopped at the time of the collision. . . .”
Both the defendant and the State rely upon S. v. Glisson, 93 N. C., 506. Upon a careful examination of this case we are constrained to hold that it sustains the position of the State rather than that of the defendant. The case holds in effect that while it is a reasonable inference from the delivery of testimony in a trial it comes under the sanction of an oath or solemn affirmation, upon the legal maxim "Omnia pre-sumuntur rita esse acta,” the Court is not disposed to carry the inference so far as to dispense with any further proof of the administering of an oath, which is an essential element in the crime of perjury, and allow a conviction in its absence.
In the Glisson case, supra, there was other evidence than that the false testimony was delivered in a regularly constituted trial to the effect that “the defendant swore upon trial” and that the witness “was present when the defendant was sworn.” It was held in absence of any evidence from the defendant that the evidence of the State was sufficient to sustain a verdict of guilty.
In the case at bar we have substantially the same situation: Evidence that the false testimony was delivered by the defendant in a court of competent jurisdiction, evidence of the defendant “E. L. Mann, being duly sworn,” and evidence that the defendant testified when “tried for drunken driving” that “Mrs. Midgette was driving.”
*214If the defendant did not in fact take an oath it was easy for him to inquire what the witness meant when she transcribed his evidence, and made the entry, “E. L. Mann, being duly sworn.” The entry is tantamount to a positive statement of the fact of the defendant having been sworn and unchallenged was proper to be submitted to the .jury for their consideration. S. v. Glisson, supra. This is strengthened by the other evidence that the defendant testified in the former trial.
“In considering a motion to dismiss the action under the statute, we are merely to ascertain whether there is any evidence to sustain the indictment; and in deciding the question we must not forget that the State is entitled to the most favorable interpretation of the circumstances and of all inferences that may fairly be drawn from them. S. v. Carlson, 171 N. C., 818; S. v. Rountree, 181 N. C., 535. It is not the province of this Court to weigh the testimony and determine what the verdict should have been, but only to say whether there was any evidence for the jury to consider; if there was, the jury alone could determine its weight. S. v. Cooke, 176 N. C., 731.” S. v. Carr, 196 N. C., 129, 144 S. E., 698.
On the record we find