The first question presented by defendant: “Was the court in error in not defining ‘greater weight’ or ‘preponderance of the evidence’?” We think not.
The burden of proof is a substantial right. Fisher v. Jackson, 216 N. C., 302 (304).
In Wilson v. Casualty Co., 210 N. C., 585 (590), it is written: “The defendant contended that in the first two above excerpts from the charge it was the duty of the court below in the charge to 'the jury to have defined what constituted the greater weight of the evidence, and in failing to do so the court committed error. C. S., 564. We cannot so hold. The burden of proof is on the party who substantially asserts the affirmative of the issue, whether he be nominally plaintiff or defendant. The burden of proof is on the party holding the affirmative. It constitutes a substantial right. Hunt v. Eure, 189 N. C., 482; Boone v. Collins, 202 N. C., 12; Stein v. Levins, 205 N. C., 302 (306). A preponderance of the evidence, or by the greater weight, is all that is required in a civil action. If the defendant desired more elaborate instructions on a subordinate feature, it should have submitted an appropriate prayer. S. v. Gore, 207 N. C., 618; S. v. Anderson, 208 N. C., 771 (788).”
The court below instructed the jury: “The court instructs you as a matter of law that where a deposit is made in a bank the burden is upon that bank to satisfy the jury by evidence and by its greater weight, that is, by a preponderance of the evidence, that payments on that account were made by the bank in a proper and orderly way, that is, upon the authority of the depositor. . . . And the burden is upon the bank to show the disposition made of the funds of a depositor into that bank.” Again, on page 27 of the Record, we find: “And if the defendant bank has carried that burden and has satisfied you from the evidence and by its greater weight, or by a preponderance of the evidence, that the disbursements of the funds was regularly made, that is, made upon the *436order of the depositor upon checks being presented on that account bearing the signature of the depositor, and the depositor himself was the author of that signature, or the signature had been placed' thereon by somebody else under his direction or acting for and on behalf of the depositor, then the bank would not be entitled to pay to the plaintiff the sum of $91.55. If the bank has satisfied you by a preponderance of the evidence or by its greater weight that these payments were made upon the authority of the depositor either by checks drawn by him bearing his own signature or by checks drawn by somebody else under his authority and direction, the bank would have discharged its full duty and would not be indebted to the plaintiff in any sum whatsoever.” There was no specific exception to this charge. We see no error in the charge.
In Bank v. Thompson, 174 N. C., 349, we find: “Where a bank sues its depositor on a note, with counterclaim set up in the answer that the bank had funds of the defendant on deposit which it had paid out on unauthorized checks, and both the execution of the note sued on and the amount of the deposit are admitted: Held, banks assume the responsibility for the erroneous payment of checks not drawn or authorized by the depositor, with the burden on the bank, pleading proper payment of the checks, to show it.”
In apt time and in proper manner, the defendant filed, in writing, with the court the following requested instruction: “That if the jury should find that the payment of the forged checks, if any, was made on account of the plaintiff’s neglect or negligence which proximately contributed to the payment of the checks as alleged, then the plaintiff is guilty of contributory negligence and is entitled to recover nothing against the defendant.”
The prayer does not set forth “if the jury find from the greater weight or preponderance of evidence.” The lack of this is erroneous. Besides, we cannot hold on the evidence that there was any contributory negligence, the proximate cause of which caused the defendant to pay out the plaintiff’s deposit on forged checks. The fact that the brother-in-law of plaintiff, who had stayed in their home several months, had theretofore been convicted of being a forger and forged these checks in controversy and had been convicted for so doing, cannot be imputed to plaintiff as contributory negligence. It cannot be said that if a father should have a son who had committed a forgery in time and knowing such should permit that son to come home and live, after he had served his sentence, and he should then forge a check on the father, that the father would be guilty of such negligence as to prevent his recovering from the bank. A person who attempts to rehabilitate one who has served a sentence in prison should be commended rather than condemned.
*437Tbe banks of tbe State are protected by a special statute. N. C. Code, 1939 (Michie), sec. 220 (b) : “No bank shall be liable to a depositor for payment by it of a forged check or other order to pay money unless within sixty days after the receipt of such voucher by the depositor he shall notify the bank that such check or order so paid is forged.” This section is a substantial reenactment of the C. S., see. 231, except that formerly the depositor had six months within which to give notice of the forgery. Fuel Co. v. Bank, 210 N. C., 244.
The exception and assignment of error, as follows, cannot be sustained: “Defendant excepts to the whole charge as given for that it is too meager and did not explain in a correct manner the evidence of the case and declare and explain the law arising thereon as required by section 564, O. S. of North Carolina, and it does not and did not satisfy the requirements of said statute in law.”
In Rawls v. Lupton, 193 N. C., 428 (430), we find: “Error must be specifically assigned. An ‘unpointed, broadside’ exception to the ‘charge as given’ will not be considered. McKinnon v. Morrison, 104 N. C., 354. Exception to the charge of the court in general terms, not sufficiently specific to call the attention of the court to the particular point claimed to be erroneous, cannot be considered by an appellate court. . . . (citing a wealth of authorities) — (p. 431). Under C. S., 643 (N. C. Code, supra, sec. 643), and the decisions of this Court, the appellant must make ‘specific’ exceptions to the charge of the court below, stating separately in articles numbered the errors alleged.”
For the reasons given, we see no prejudicial or reversible error.