Chapter 1, section 2, Laws 1923 (known as the “Tur-lington Act”), is as follows: “No person shall manufacture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, furnish, purchase, or possess any intoxicating liquor, except as authorized in this act; and all the provisions of this act shall be liberally construed, to the end that the use of intoxicating liquor as a beverage may be prevented. Liquor for non-beverage purposes and wine for sacramental purposes may be manufactured, purchased, sold, bartered, transported, imported, exported, delivered, furnished, and possessed, but only as provided by Title II of ‘The Volstead Act,’ act of Congress enacted 28 October, 1919, an act supplemental to the National Prohibition Act, ‘H. R. 1294,’ an act of Congress, approved 23 November, 1921.”
The provision of the above act is taken from act of Congress (U. S. Compiled Statutes, 1923, 10138½aa), which is as follows: “No person shall, on or after the date when the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States goes into effect, manufacture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, furnish, or possess any intoxicating liquor, except as authorized in this act, and all the provisions of this act shall be liberally construed, to the end that the use of intoxicating liquor as a beverage may be prevented. Liquor for nonbeverage purposes and wine for sacramental purposes may be manufactured, purchased, sold, bartered, transported, imported, exported, delivered, furnished, and pos*402sessed, but only as herein provided, and the commissioner may, upon application, issue permits therefor: Provided, that nothing in this act shall prohibit the purchase and sale of warehouse receipts covering distilled spirits on deposit in government bonded warehouses, and no special-tax liability shall attach to the business of purchasing and selling such warehouse receipts. (28 October, 1919, ch. 85, Title II, sec. 3, 41 Stat., 308.)” It will be noted that the word “purchase” was added to section 2 of the Turlington Act, supra. 10138% C., supra, makes it unlawful, under the Yolstead Act, under certain circumstances, to “purchase” intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes.
Fed. Stat. Anno., 1921 (2 ed.), Supp., p. 540, is as follows: “Purpose as preventing use of liquors for beverage purposes. — The chief purpose of the framers of the Yolstead Act was to reduce and as far as possible to prevent the use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage. U. S. v. Turner (W. D. Va., 1920), 266 Fed., 248; U. s. v. Masters (M. D. Pa., 1920), 267 Fed., 581; Street v. Lincoln Safe Deposit Co. (S. D. N. Y., 1920), 267 Fed., 706; Ledbetter v. Bailey (W. D. N. C., 1921), 274 Fed., 375; Kelly v. Lewellyn (W. D. Pa., 1921), 274 Fed., 108.
“ ‘If anything is well settled and determined, it is that the Yolstead Law, enacted pursuant to, and in consequence of, the adoption of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Federal Constitution, was intended and calculated by Congress and by those interested in its passage, to prohibit the manufacture, sale, and transportation, for beverage purposes, of any and every kind of intoxicating liquor within the United States; and Congress expressly defined such “intoxicating liquor” to be any spirituous, vinous, malt, or fermented liquor or liquid “fit for use for beverage purposes” containing alcohol to the extent of “one-half of one per cent, or more,” by volume. Volstead Law, Tit. II, sec. 1. So'that, by this law, which was enacted after much consideration of the circumstances and of the obvious intent and purpose of the people of the United States, as reflected by their ratification of the amendment, it was definitely and positively determined that any liquor or liquid, fit for use as a beverage and possessing alcohol in excess of the maximum mentioned, might not be manufactured, sold, or transported in the United States. Even its mere possession was similarly prohibited, save under exceptional, severely necessary, and obviously harmless circumstances.’
“ ‘This conclusion results not only from the reading of the act in its entirety, looking at the big purpose in view, and the means to be employed to gain the end sought, but also from the language of section 3 of Title II, the controlling section of the act, which is to the effect that:
“ ‘No person shall, on or after the date when the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States goes into effect, manufac*403ture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, furnish, or possess any intoxicating liquor, except as authorized in this act, and all the provisions of this act shall be liberally construed, to the end that the use of intoxicating liquor as a beverage may be prevented.’
“ ‘Here, in unequivocal language, we have a declaration on the part of Congress that, however this act may be viewed, and tested by every means known to those whose duty and function it is to construe statutes, in every instance the statute “shall be liberally construed, to the end that the use of intoxicating liquor as a beverage may be prevented.” Nothing can be plainer than that, and it seems to me that Congress, there, as it might properly do, has said that the courts shall not seek to construe the statute so as to permit the use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage, hut that they shall use all reasonable means to construe it so as to prevent such use.’ U. S. v. Dodson (S. D. Cal., 1920), 268 Fed., 297.
“The primary object of the Prohibition Act is the prevention of the use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage, although it retains features of a revenue law. To effectuate that purpose, the statute requires that all of the provisions shall be liberally construed. U. S. v. Sacein Rouhana Farhat (S. D. Ohio, 1920), 269 Fed., 33.
“ ‘It is apparent from the provisions of this act that intoxicating liquor may be imported for nonbeverage purposes. It is likewise manifest that the provisions of this act shall not in any way interfere with the operation of existing law,' except where it is inconsistent, and the act expressly provides that persons shall not be relieved from any taxes or other charges imposed upon the traffic in such liquor.’ The- Goodhope (W. D. Wash., 1920), 268 Fed., 694.’ ”
The charge on which defendant was tried “did have in his possession and did receive, transport spirituous liquor contrary to the statutes” (1) possess, (2) receive, (3) transport.
There was a general verdict of guilty. The statute clearly does not allow one to transport or possess intoxicating liquor.
Section 2 of the Turlington Act (chapter 1, Public Laws 1923, supra) makes the possession of any quantity of intoxicating liquor for beverage purposes unlawful, unless, of course, the possession of the liquor is in one’s private dwelling, under section 10. It is true that there is nothing in the act which makes the actual receipt of intoxicating’ liquors, independent of the fact that one cannot possess liquor without having received it at some time, a criminal offense. Here, however, the warrant charges unlawful possession, the unlawful receipt, and the unlawful transportation of liquor. The verdict of the jury was general upon this warrant. It can then be sustained upon the charge of unlawful possession. The fact that the judge’s charge may have been erroneous in.the *404particular in wbicb be told tbe jury if they believed tbe evidence beyond a reasonable doubt, to return a verdict of guilty of unlawfully receiving liquor, would render it barmless error, in tbe face of tbe fact tbat there was a proper charge on tbe warrant and a proper verdict upon proper evidence.
In State v. Switzer, ante, 96, it was said: “There was a general verdict of guilty, wbicb, in law, was a verdict of guilty on each and every count. Tbe general verdict of guilty upon two counts will be sustained if tbe evidence justifies either. S. v. Toole, 106 N. C., 736; S. v. Strange, 183 N. C., 775.” S. v. Coleman, 178 N. C., 760.
In tbe ease of S. v. Jackson, 13 N. C., 563 (decided nearly one hundred years ago), Judge Ruffin said: “In ordinary cases tbe consequence would be a new trial. But in the present tbe statute is spread out in tbe case, and it is thus made to appear to us that tbe jury have precisely adopted tbat interpretation, wbicb tbe court ought to have given by way of instruction. Tbe course of tbe judge gave tbe prisoner tbe benefit of tbe chance of a mistake of tbe jury. He cannot complain tbat they made no mistake. As, therefore, it is manifest tbat tbe jury have administered tbe law correctly, there is no ground for a new trial.
In Cunard S. S. Co. v. Mellon, 262 U. S., 100; 43 Sup. Ct. Repr., 506, Mr. Justice Van Devanter says: “Some of tbe contentions ascribe a technical meaning to tbe words Transportation’ and ‘importation.’ We think they are to be taken in their ordinary sense, for it better comports with tbe object to be attained. In tbat sense transportation comprehends any real carrying about or from one place to another. It is not essential tbat tbe carrying be for hire, or by one for another, nor tbat it be incidental to a transfer of tbe possession or title. If one carries in bis own conveyance, for bis own purposes, it is transportation, no less than when a public carrier, at tbe instance of a consignor, carries and delivers to a consignee for a stipulated charge. See United States v. Simpson, 252 U. S., 465; 40 Sup. Ct., 364; 64 L. Ed., 665; 10 A. L. R., 510. Importation, in a like sense, consists in bringing an article into a country from tbe outside. If there be an actual bringing in, it is importation, regardless of tbe mode in wbicb it is effected. Entry through a custom bouse is not of tbe essence of the act.”
It is well said by Clark, C. J., in tbe concurring opinion in S. v. Coleman, 178 N. C., 762: “Tbe intention of tbe act-may be tersely expressed in tbe phrase, ‘Taste not, touch not, handle not’ tbe forbidden article (for beverage purposes). It is outlawed by tbe statute, just as dynamite or any poisonous drug, and for tbe same reason tbat tbe popular will has deemed this necessary for tbe public welfare, and made tbe violation of tbat will a crime.”
From a careful examination of tbe authorities we can find