From the facts as stated in the case agreed, it appears that the piece of1 land in question is that devised to plaintiff under the will of his father, W. R. Fields, and the title offered is dependent on the proper construction of a clause of said will as follows: “To my sons, G-. L. Fields and B. R. Fields, 1 loan for the term of their natural lives, respectively, a certain tract or parcel of land lying and being in Speight’s Bridge Township, Greene County, North Carolina, and known as the Bennett Fields’ Homestead, containing two hundred and ten (210) acres, more or less, and adjoining the lands of Z. S. Smith, M. L. Walston, Dr. A. West, I. F. Smith, Ida Burch, Etta Mewborn and S. G. Fields, the same to be equally divided in value between my said sons, G. L. Fields and B. R. Fields. I .desire that my son, G- B. Fields, shall have the west side of the said tract, beginning at the James Beaman line, and running to the run of the Lightwood Knot Swamp, and that my said son, B. R. Fields, have the east side of the tract, the same being the old homestead. My desire is that the said lands are to be loaned to my said sons, G. L. Fields and B. R. Fields, respectively, for the term of their natural lives, and at the death of either of them, to go to their heirs, if any, and if at their death they leave no heirs of their body, then said land shall go to the nearest relatives of my said sons, respectively.”
In 1st Coke Rep., 104, the rule in Shelley's case is given as follows: “That when an ancestor by any gift or conveyance taketh an estate of *223freehold and in the same gift or conveyance an estate is limited either mediately or immediately to his heirs in fee or in tail, the words ‘heirs’ is a word of limitation of the estate and not a word of purchase,” and in several of our recent decisions on the subject it is held that in order to a “proper application of the rule, the word ‘heirs’ or ‘heirs of the body’ must be taken in their technical sense, carrying the estate to the entire line of heirs, and at this time and in this jurisdiction to hold as inheritors under our canons of descent, and if it appears by correct construction that these words are not used in that sense, but only as words designating certain persons or confining the inheritance to a restricted class of heirs, the rule does not apply, and the ancestor or first taker will be held to have acquired a life estate according to the express words of the instrument.” Hampton v. Griggs, 184 N. C., 13; Wallace v. Wallace, 181 N. C., 158-161; Pugh v. Allen, 179 N. C., 307; Puckett v. Morgan, 158 N. C., 344; May v. Lewis, 132 N. C., 115. And in determining this question, the cases hold further that when there is a limitation over to a restricted class of heirs of the first taker, on his death without heirs or heirs of his body, this of itself will show that the words in the first instance were not used or intended as words of general inheritance under our canons of descent, but must be taken and construed to mean issue in the sense of children- or grandchildren.
Applying the principles stated and as pertinent to our present inquiry, it was ruled in the case of Wallace v. Wallace, supra, as follows:
“In order to an application of the rule in Shelley’s case, appreciation of the words ‘heirs’ or ‘heirs of the body’ must be taken in their technical sense, or carry the> estate to the entire line of heirs to hold as inheritors under our canons of descent; but should these words be used as only designating certain persons, or confining the inheritance to a restricted class of heirs, the rule does not apply, and the ancestor or the first taker acquires only a life estate according to the meaning of the express words of the instrument.
“The limitation to W. for life, and after his death to his heirs, if any, in fee simple,- and on failure thereof to his next of kin, the word ‘heirs’ is not used in the sense of general inheritors of the estate, but in the sense of issue or children, and in such case W. takes an estate for life, and the rule in Shelley’s case does not apply.
“In a limitation to one for life, with remainder to his bodily heirs, in any, and on failure thereof to his ‘next of kin,’ the use of the words ‘bodily heirs’ is to be taken in the sense of issue or children; and on the death of the life tenant without such issue or children, the takers, under the term ‘next of kin,’ are the nearest blood kin to the exclusion of relationship by marriage, and also of the principle of representation, unless controlling expressions in the instrument show a contrary intent.”
*224Tbe words “nearest relatives of my said sons respectively” are tbe equivalent of tbe words “next of bin” in tbe Wallace case, and carrying tbe estate as shown in tbat decision to a restricted class of beirs of tbe first taker, tbe rule in Shelley’s case does not apply.
Tbe sons, therefore, having only a life estate, plaintiff is not in a position to make a good title, as bis Honor ruled, and bis judgment tbat defendant go without day is Affirmed.