The portions of the will which are controlling on the questions presented are as follows:
“Item 1. I give and devise to my beloved wife, Ida Burwell, all of my real estate that I may own at my death, and also all personal property, money and choses in action of every kind and description, for her to have and to hold and to use as her own as her necessities may demand *119during ber life, and no more, and at her death all of said property, including the land and personal property and moneys then on band, I give and devise as follows:
“Sec. 1. Tbat my executor, and trustee hereinafter named, shall take' full charge of all my property left on hand at the death of my wife, Ida Burwell, and shall convert all personal property, choses in action and accounts into money, and the said executor and trustee shall rent out all of my real estate to the best advantage, and if at any time any of said real estate will not bring sufficient rent to make a reasonable income from said property, and the enhancement in value in the judgment of the said executor and trustee would not justify the holding of the same, then the said executor and trustee is hereby authorized to sell such property on such terms as to the said executor and trustee may seem best and most profitable to the said estate.”
The remainder of the will constitutes the property coming to the trustee pursuant to the foregoing sections and L. D. Burwell memorial fund, with -specific directions as to its management and disposition, including the construction and maintenance in conjunction with the town authorities of a municipal building for the town of Lillington, etc.
It is fully recognized that where real property is devised to one for life, remainder over, unless a contrary intent appears in the will, the life tenant is entitled to its possession and control during the continuance of the estate, subject always to its liability to creditors, under the provisions of law. And the same principle usually prevails as to direct bequests of personal property except where it is given as a residuary bequest to be enjoyed by persons in succession, etc., in which case the property is converted into money and the interest paid to the legatees during the existence of their respective estates. Bryan v. Harper, 177 N. C., 309; Simmons v. Fleming, 157 N. C., 389; In re Knowles, 148 N. C., 461-466; Britt v. Smith, 86 N. C., 305; Ritch v. Morris, 18 N. C., 377; Smith v. Barham, 17 N. C., 420.
On the present record it appears that all the personal property has been required for the payment of the testator’s debts, only the question as to the realty being presented; and this being true, not only is there no intent expressed on the face of the will in contravention of the principle as stated, but a perusal of the instrument gives clear indication that the same is in affirmance of the rule generally prevailing on the subject, and that it was the intent of the testator that his entire property was to pass into the control and possession of his widow, “to have, hold and use as her own as her necessities may demand.” And that only such of the property as is “left on hand” at the death of the wife is devised to the trustees to' be converted into the memorial fund above referred to.
*120It may be well to note that under the terms of the will passing the property to the wife for her life, the added expression, devising to the trustees the property “left on hand at the death of my wife,” confers on the wife no right to sell and convey the realty in fee, but such powers as are conferred upon her by the will as to that part of the property are restricted to proper enjoyment of the estate and interest given her, to wit, a life estate and “no more.” Miller v. Scott, 185 N. C., 556; Herring v. Williams, 158 N. C., 1.
In our opinion the rights and interests of all the parties have been properly safeguarded, the judgment of his Honor is in accord with our decisions on the subject, and the same is in all respects Affirmed.