The power of a State Legislature to provide for service of process on foreign corporations doing business within the State is no longer questioned. Speaking to the subject in the case of St. Clair v. Cox, 106 U. S., Associate Justice Fields said: “The State may, therefore, impose as a condition upon which a foreign corporation shall he permitted to do business within her limits, that it shall stipulate that in any litigation *78arising out of its transactions in the State, it will accept as sufficient the service of process on its agents or persons specially designated; and the condition would be eminently fit and just. And the condition and stipulation may be implied as well as expressed. If a State permits a foreign corporation to do business within her limits, and at the same time provides that in suits against it for business there done, process shall be served upon its agents, the provision is to be deemed a condition of the permission; and the corporations that subsequently do business in the State are to be deemed to assent to such condition as fully as though they had specially authorized their agents to receive service of the process. Such condition must not, however, encroach upon those principles of natural justice which require notice of a suit to a party before he can be bound by it. It must be reasonable and the service provided for should be only upon such agents as may be properly deemed representatives of the foreign corporation. The decision of this Court in Lafayette Insurance Co. v. French, to which we have already referred, sustains these views.” And the doctrine so stated is universally recognized and acted on.
Our State statute applicable to and controlling the question presented on this appeal, Revisal 1905, sec. 440, is in terms as follows: “If the action be against a corporation, to the president or other head of the corporation, secretary, cashier, treasurer, director, managing or local agent thereof: Provided, that any person receiving or collecting moneys within this State for, or on behalf of, any corporation of this or any other State or government, shall be deemed a local agent for the purpose of this section; but such service can be made in respect to a foregn corporation only when it has property within the State, or the cause of action arose therein, or when the plaintiff resides in the State, or when such service can be made within the State, personally upon the president, treasurer, or secretary thereof.”
Construing a statute of similar import it has been held, that the first clause enumerates the persons on whom service of process can be made, to-wit, on the president or other head of the corporation, secretary, treasurer, director, managing or local agent thereof, and in that respect applies to all corporations *79both domestic and foreign. Then follows the proviso as to who shall be considered local agents for the purpose of the section and the last clause establishes certain conditions, restrictive in their nature, which are required and necessary to a proper and valid service on foreign corporations. That is, service on the persons designated in the first clause shall only be good as to foreign corporations: (1) When they have property in the State, or (2) when the cause of action arose therein, or (3) when plaintiff resides in the State. And then a fourth method is established: (4) “When service can be made within this State personally on the president, treasurer or secretary thereof.”
This construction will be found approved and sustained in Foster v. Chas. Betcter Lumber Co., 5 So. Dakota, page 57, and authoritative decisions here and elsewhere are in accord with the general principles of that well considered case, Higgs v. Sperry, 139 N. C., p. 299; Clinard v. White & Co., 129 N. C., p. 251; Jones v. Insurance Co., 88 N. C., p. 499; M. ReHohorst, Petitioner, 150 U. S., 653; Societe Fonciere v. Millikin, 135 U. S., 304; Tuchband v. C. & A. R. R. Co., 115 N. Y., 437; Express Co. v. Johnston, 17 Ohio, 641; Porter v. R. R., 1 Nebraska, p. 14.
In Jones v. Insurance Co., supra, it was expressly held that service on a foreign corporation could be made either on a general agent or local agent, and construing the terms, of the proviso in the statute to the effect “that any person receiving or collecting moneys within the State for or on behalf of any corporation of this or any other State or government, shall be deemed a local agent for the purpose of this section.” It has been further held that this “authority to receive money is not the exclusive test of a local agent upon whom service of process could be made,” and that these words of the proviso were not intended to “limit service to such class of agents, but to extend the meaning of the word agent to embrace them.” Copland v. Telegraph Co., 136 N. C., p. 12. While there is some apparent conflict of decision in construing these statutes providing for service of process on corporations arising chiefly from the difference in the terms used in the various statutes on the subject, the cases will be found, in general agreement, on the position *80that in defining the term agent it is not the descriptive name employed, but the nature o£ the business and the extent o£ the authority given and exercised which is determinative, and the word does not properly extend to a subordinate employee without discretion, but must be one regularly employed, having some charge or measure of control over the business entrusted to him, or of some feature of it, and of sufficient character and rank as to afford reasonable assurance that he will communicate to his company the fact that process has been served upon him. 19 Enc. Pl. and Pr., pp. 665, 676, 677; Simmons v. Box Co., 148 N. C., 344; Jones v. Ins. Co., 88 N. C., supra; Angerhoefer, Jr., v. Bradstreet Co., 22 Fed., 305; Hill v. St. Louis Ore and Steele Co., 90 Mo., p. 103. And by express provision of our statute as stated, including “Any person receiving or collecting moneys within this State for or on behalf of any corporation of this or any other State or government.” Applying the principles established by these decisions and on the facts appearing in the record, we are of opinion that F. H. Cameron was an agent of defendant corporation, appellee, upon whom process could be lawfully served; that conditions existed authorizing service on him as such agent and that service of process upon said E. II. Cameron, as shown by the sheriff’s return, “by reading and leaving a copy with E. H. Cameron, bookkeeper and acting agent,” was a valid service, and said company is thereby properly in court.
Although the parties were so intent on the question of the kind of agency required to a proper service that they failed to state the nature of the action pr that the plaintiff resides in the State, or in express terms that it had property therein, and although there is evidence to the effect that E. H. Cameron was styled only a bookkeeper of the defendant company “merely that and nothing more,” it does appear from a x>erusal of the record, that at the time this summons was issued and before and after that time, defendant company was engaged in building a railroad bridge across Albemarle Sound in the State at a point where it is from three to five miles wide, the width suggested being a physical fact of which the court may take judicial notice ; that it was an enterprise of unusual proportions, requiring *81an extensive equipment and necessarily involving the employment of large numbers of hands and the expenditure of large sums of money; that the agent F. H. Cameron had charge and control of the money of the company appropriated for the purpose and kept it on deposit in a local bank, the bank entries showing that this continued in one bank from 5 May, 1909, to 18 March, 1910; that he had the company’s pay rolls, and disbursed this money in payment of the hands and other claims against the company. Thus an affidavit of the sheriff filed at the instance of defendant and in explanation of a prior affidavit made by that officer states, “That he, the sheriff, does not know that F. H. Cameron received money in any way for the company; that his only information upon the subject is, that said F. H. Cameron upon one occasion paid to him for the McLean Contracting Company certain costs that he (the sheriff) held against said company in an attachment proceeding on behalf of the Edenton lee and Cold Storage Company and others amounting to $64, and in addition was informed that the said Cameron for the said contracting company paid to the plaintiff in that action the amount of these claims, etc.”
This former affidavit was as follows: “That he knows F. H. Qameron, who was acting as agent for the McLean Contracting Company, in building a bridge across the Albemarle Sound for the Norfolk and Southern Eailway Company near Edenton; that he knows the said ,F. H. Cameron received money and paid out money for the said McLean Contracting Company.”
The affidavit of Charles H. Wood, the cashier of the Citizens Bank of Edenton, N. C., is as follows: “That he knows F. H. Cameron, employed by the McLean Contracting Company, in building a bridge across the Albemarle Sound, near this place (Edenton, N. 0.), for the Norfolk and Southern Eailway Company; that he knows that the said F. H. Cameron deposited moneys from the McLean Contracting Company, after handling the pay roll to his credit as agent, and drew on same for payment of sundry accounts. The pay rolls were not deposited but the money deposited by F. H. Cameron, agent, was received from said McLean Contracting Company. According to our books, *82Ms first deposit, as E. H. Cameron, agent, was 5 May, 1909; bis last deposit was 18 March, 1910.”
And while the affidavit of E. H. Cameron, himself, and several other officers of the company, state that he is only a bookkeeper and without authority to receive or collect money for the company, he also states, “That his sole duties are to keep the books of the company wherever it is engaged in contracting work and to settle with and pay off its mechanics and laborers.”
So far as appears, this agent was the only representative of the company on the ground having any charge or control of the financial features of this transaction, and we are of the opinion as stated that from the facts in evidence it is clear that his authority and occupation went far beyond the duties of an ordinary bookkeeper, and, if not a managing agent as defined in some of the decisions, that he came well within the meaning of the term local agent on whom process could be properly served; and that at the time of action commenced the company was doing business in the State and had property therein.
There is nothing either in Moore v. Bank, 92 N. C., p. 590, or in Kelly v. Lefaiver, 144 N. C., p. 4, cases cited and relied on by defendants, which militates in any way against the disposition we make of this appeal. In Moore’s case it was held that an attorney-at-law who had certain claims to collect for a foreign corporation was not in the regular employment of the company so as to become a local agent within the true meaning of our statute on the service of process. And in Lefaiver’s ease, supra, the Court, in stating the essential facts, said, “It will be noted that the person in question was not an agent in the course of the company’s business while it was being operated, nor in closing out said business, nor in making general disposition of the company’s property after it had ceased to do business. In fact, he was not an agent of the company at all, nor even an employee in the ordinary acceptation of the term, but simply a care taker— acting, as found by the Court, out of friendship and without salary or any pecuniary recompense,” showing that neither decision is applicable to the facts presented here. For the reasons *83stated tbe order of tbe court below dismissing tbe action as to appellee company will be set aside, and tbe cause proceeded witb according to law and tbe course and practice of tbe Court.