This is a controversy between the plaintiff and the defendant, administrator of her deceased husband, as to their respective rights in a certain fund of twenty-five hundred dollars, which is a part of the proceeds of the sale of land. It appears that A. A. Isley and W. 0. Isley were seised, as tenants *376in common, share and share alike, of a tract of land, and A. A. Isley conveyed his interest, “the same being one moiety,” to the plaintiff during the lifetime of her husband, W. G. Isley. Afterwards ~W. 0. Isley and his wife sold and conveyed a part of the land to the North Carolina Trust Company. The purchaser paid a part of the purchase money and executed a mortgage on the land with a power of sale to the vendors to secure the balance. All of the purchase money, except $2,500, was paid to the husband, W. C. Isley, amounting to $7,450, and since his death the defendant, his administrator, has collected the note for $2,500, which is all that is due from the trust company. The notes were payable to “W. C. Isley and Lena H. Isley, his wife.” The court held and adjudged that the plaintiff is entitled to the entire fund in the custody of the administrator, and the defendant appealed. W. C. Isley and his wife acquired their interest in the land by separate deeds, which conveyed to each of them, not an estate of the entirety nor a joint estate, but a moiety or one-half undivided interest in the same. It is said in Fulper v. Fulper 54 N. L. Eq., 431, that whether a husband and wife take as tenants in common or as tenants of the entirety is to be gathered from the instrument which passes the estate to them, and when the intention appears therefrom that they should take an estate in common, it must prevail, and “such has been the rule from an early period in the history of the English law.” This ruling is sustained by the clear weight of authority. 21 Cyc., 1198; Miner v. Brown, 133 N. Y., 308; Hunt v. Blackburn, 128 N. S., 464; Hiles v. Fisher, 144 N. Y., 306; Hopkins on Real Property, 337; 15 Am. & Eng. Enc. (2 Ed.), 846-847. This Court has adopted this view. Stalcup v. Stalcup, 137 N. C., 305, in which we said: “It has been held (in many cases) that in consequence of the theoretic unity of husband and wife, lands granted to husband and wife jointly during coverture cannot be held by them as tenants in common or as joint tenants, notwithstanding the terms of the grant. The prevailing doctrine in modern times, however, is that when lands are granted to husband and wife, and it appears from words of the grant that the intention was to create a joint tenancy, or a *377tenancy in common, tbey will take and hold as joint tenants or tenants in common, and not as tenants of the entirety.” Judge Sharswood, in his exhaustive notes to 2 Black, at marg. p. 182, says: “Where an estate is conveyed tó a man and woman who are not married together, and who afterwards intermarry, as they took originally by moieties, they will continue to hold by moieties after the marriage. There is nothing, therefore, in the relation of husband and wife which prevents them from being tenants in common. There are great opinions in favor of the position that husband and wife may by express words be made tenants in common by a gift to them during coverture,” citing 1 Prest, on Estates, 132; 2 Preston on Abstracts, 41; 4 Kent, 363; 1 Reed’s Blackstone, 470. The same principle is stated and supported by numerous authorities in 15 Cyc., p. 846, note 4. At the same page and note 5, the very facts we have in this case are stated and the law declared to be that “when joint tenant or tenant in common makes a conveyance of his interest to the wife of the other, the husband and wife hold thereafter as joint tenants or tenants in common,” and not by the entireties. It must be noted that in our case there was no conveyance of a joint estate to W. C. Isley and his wife, but of a distinct moiety to each. They held the land, therefore,'as tenants in'common, and when it was sold they became severally and equally interested in the purchase money. The mortgage, it is true, was made to them, but only as trustees of the legal title to secure the debt and because they were the owners of the notes secured by it. Besides the notes were payable to both of them and this entitled each to one-half of the amount thereof. If the fund belonged to the husband, he could give his wife one-half of it, if the rights of third parties against him are not involved, and to effectuate such a purpose, he might direct the notes to be made payable to himself and his wife. But as she was entitled to one-half of the purchase money, her interest was certainly not lost by drawing the notes in that way. The mortgage really has nothing to do with the decision of the question now presented, even if under it W. C. Isley and wife acquired an estate in the entirety. The money was not collected by a sale of the land, but directly from the mortgagor, who paid in *378casb. He bas simply paid tbe notes, given for tbe purchase money and secured by tbe mortgage, in money, and tbe result is tbe same as if no mortgage bad ever been executed.
But if tbe doctrine as to an estate by entireties bas any application to tbe facts of tbe ease, tbe wife, wbo is tbe plaintiff, survived ber busband and for tbat reason would be entitled to tbe fund. Motley v. Whitemore, 19 N. C., 537; Long v. Barnes, 87 N. C., 329; Bruce v. Nicholson, 109 N. C., 204; Ray v. Long, 132 N. C., 891.
In any view we can take of tbe facts, we tbinb tbe judgment was correct, tbe busband having received more than bis share.