Tbis action is brought by tbe plaintiffs against tbe City of Raleigh and others to restrain .the city from issuing-bonds of said city in tbe sum of $125,000 for tbe purpose of' erecting a municipal building in said city, and to restrain tbe building commission from proceeding with tbe erection of said building. Tbe bonds are to be issued under tbe authority of an act of tbe General Assembly, ratified 8 March, 1909, entitled' “An act to erect a-municipal building in tbe City of Raleigh.”' Tbe Board of Aldermen of the City of Raleigh bad, before tbe passage of said act,- adopted tbe following resolution:
“Be it resolved Toy the Board of Aldermen of the City of Raleigh, That tbe building now used as a police station and' occupied by the municipal officers of tbe said city is totally inadequate, unsafe and unsanitary, and not suited to tbe purposes; for which it is used, and tbe good of tbe city demands tbe immediate erection of a building suitable for said purpose.
“2. That tbe senators and representatives of Wake County in tbe present General Assembly are hereby requested to introduce into said General Assembly a bill conferring upon tbe board of aldermen, and such subsidiary commission as they think proper, authority to issue bonds, to tbe amount of $125,000, to sell tbe same, and use tbe proceeds thereof in tbe erection, furnishing- and equipment of such building, and tbe General Assembly is requested to enact tbe said bill into a law.” •
Tbe findings of tbe board of aldermen declare that a municipal building is a necessity and a necessary municipal expense. *571Upon such, finding the General Assembly has empowered and directed the issue of the bonds now sought to be restrained.
While legislative authority is desirable and even necessary to authorize the special tax and sinking fund, it was not absolutely necessary to enable the municipal authorities to contract this debt. They have that power under the Constitution, inasmuch as a municipal building in cities the size of Raleigh is a recognized municipal necessity, as much so as a courthouse is to a county. McQuillan on Mun. Ord., sec. 511; Bates v. Bassett, 1 L. R. A., 166; Greely v. People, 60 Ill., 22.
The approval of a majority of the qualified voters is not necessary to validate a debt contracted in order to procure the necessary funds for constructing such building. Constitution, Art. VII, sec. 7; Swinsin v. Mt. Olive, 147 N. C., 612; Faucette v. Mt. Airy, 134 N. C., 125; Wilson v. Charlotte, 74 N. C., 748; Vaughan v. Commissioners, 117 N. C., 429.
Without legislative authority a special tax could not be levied or a sinking fund created. Commissioners v. McDonald., 148 N. C., 126. To give value to these bonds there is both the constitutional power of the board of aldermen as well as the special legislative enactment authorizing them and providing for their payment. Rut it is contended that the bonds ought not to be issued because the 'building commission provided for by the act of 1909 has in contemplation the erection of a municipal building containing a city hall in some part of it.
While it is within the province of the courts to determine what are necessary public buildings and what classes of expenditures fall within the definition of the necessary expenses of a municipal corporation, the authority for determining the kind of building that is needed, or what would be a reasonable cost for it, is not within the purview of the judicial authority. It is vested in the legislative and municipal authority, and not in the courts. Vaughan v. Commissioners, supra.
“For the exercise of powers conferred by the Constitution,” says Chief Justice Pearson, “the people must rely upon the honesty of the members of the General Assembly and of the persons elected to fill places of trust in the several counties. The court has no power, and is not capable if it had the power, of controll*572ing the exercise of power conferred by the Constitution upon the legislative department of the Government or upon the county authorities.” Quoted in Vaughan v. Commissioners, supra. Broadnax v. Groom, 64 N. C., 244, where this question is first discussed by the learned Chief Justice.
The act confers upon a commission of five taxpayers and citizens of Raleigh full power “to employ a competent and reputable architect to prepare and furnish plans for the erection, completion and furnishing of the said municipal building,” which plans are to be approved by the commission. The act nowhere defines what is a proper municipal building, nor does it put any limitation upon the power of the commission to determine the quality and character of the structure. Those matters are left- to the sound judgment and discretion of the building commissioners. It is presumed that they will in good faith carry out the letter and' spirit of the statute.
The allegation in the complaint that they contemplate having a city hall upon one floor of the building does not invalidate the bonds, and furnishes no r'eason for enjoining their' issue. Their validity is to be determined by the purpose for which they are issued, as appears upon'the resolutions of the board of aldermen and the act of Assembly. If the courts adjudge that, upon the face of the act and resolutions authorizing .the bonds, they are to be issued for a necessary municipal expense, then they are valid, without the approval of the qualified voters. The purchaser will not be required to look to the application of the proceeds.
If, after the bonds are issued and sold, the proceeds are diverted by the municipal authorities to some purpose unauthorized by law, the .bonds will not be affected in the hands of purchasers, although the authorities themselves would be liable for any such misapplication.
The judgment of the Superior Court is