after stating the case: There ivas evidence in support of the contentions of the respective parties. The plaintiff contended, during the course, of the trial, that the account for $128.59 had been rendered to the defendant, that he kept it a reasonable time and failed to object to it, and it thereby became an account stated, and he now complains and excepts because the Court refused to charge in accordance with that contention. Theye are two reasons why this exception cannot be sustained. In the “contention,” as it is called, the plaintiff assumes as a fact that the account was rendered *115and there was no objection to it within a reasonable time. There was evidence, and very strong evidence, it may be eon-® ceded, of the fact, but it was for the jury to find the fact from all the evidence. The second reason is, that .there was no request for an instruction, and a mere “contention” of counsel during the trial cannot be regarded as a compliance with the statute. But it is stated in the record that the Court liad “called the attention” of the jury to this matter, that is, liad instructed them- about it, and we must assume hero that the instruction was correct, when it is not set out in the case. The Court then proceeded to charge the jury as follows: “The plaintiff insists, that if there was the statement of account submitted to the defendant, which ho promised to pay — if that is so, that would establish that $128.59. If he assented to it, he would be obliged to pay it. There would be no presumption of law about it. If it was submitted to him, and accepted by him, it would devolve upon him to pay it. That is one of the contentions between plaintiff and defendant. Plaintiff says it was submitted to him, and he agreed to pay it. The defendant says it is not so; it was not submitted to him, and was not agreed to by him.” To this instruction the plaintiff excepted.
We can see no inherent error in this instruction. Indeed, the Court charged the jury in accordance with the plaintiff’s contention, as it is stated by the Court in that part of the charge we have quoted.
If the account was presented for $129.70 and a demand made for that amount, as stated in the defendant’s “contention,” and of which there was evidence in the case, it was incorrect, as the amount nowT appears to be only $128.59. Besides, the defendant did dispute the account and asked for a settlement as soon as he could find the plaintiff sober and in a condition to transact business.
It is true, that “when an account rendered is not objected to in a reasonable time, the failure to object will be regarded
*116as an admission of (or assent to) its correctness, by the party 'charged.” Hawkins v. Long, 74 N. C., 782; Daniel v. Whitfield, 44 N. C., 297; Wiggins v. Burkham, 10 Wall., 129. In Webb v. Chambers, 25 N. C., 374, Ruffin, C. J., thus states the rule: “There can be no doubt of the correctness of the opinion given to the jury. It is the ordinary evidence of the justice of a merchant’s account, when he renders it to his customer and the latter keeps it without objection to any of its items. Without a denial of it in toto or some part of it, the jury may infer an admission of its correctness and a promise to pay the- balance.” It is expressed in Gooch v. Vaughn, 92 N. C., 617, as follows: . “The account rendered, and the long delay in objecting to it on account of suggested errors therein, do not necessarily conclude Gooch. The strong presumption is that he examined and accepted it as correct, and he is bound by it, and it ought not to be disturbed, unless he shall allege and prove some substantial error, mistake, omission or fraud vitiating it. This he has the right to do, if he can, and in case of success, to have just correction made. The burden is on him to prove such allegation.” But however the rule is stated we do not think it applies to this case, in view of its facts and circumstances. It also appears that the Court did in fact charge the jury that, if they found from the evidence the defendant had assented to the plaintiff’s account as rendered, “he would be obliged to pay it.”
We do not see why the evidence, as to the plaintiff’s habit of drinking liquor excessively, was not competent and relevant. It was offered for the purpose of showing that the' plaintiff was not competent to transact business or to keep-the account correctly. The Court admitted it for that purpose alone, an°d we think it was some evidence for the consideration of the jury upon that question in dispute between the parties. It' was competent also for other reasons.