The judge below on the bearing, found the facts contained in the plaintiff’s affidavits to be true, and held, as a matter of law, that on these facts, there was no right shown to arrest the defendant. His Honor thereupon discharged the order of arrest and entered judgment exonerating the bail from any and all liability by reason of his surety-ship.
This, as we understand, was on the idea that the facts disclosed a case of partnership, and in such case, there was no legal right in one partner to cause the arrest of another.
It is a well recognized principle that during the continuance of a partnership, one partner cannot sire another on any special transaction which may be made an item of charge or discharge in a general partnership account. This has sometimes been put on the ground that such a suit would necessitate that the party complained of should be both plaintiff and defendant. But I apprehend a reason of more moment is that as to such a transaction, till a full accounting is had, it cannot be ascertained or declared what portion of such claims belong to the one or the other; and so it is true that one partner, during the continuance of the partnership, cannot ordinarily bring trover or trespass against the other by reason of acts concerning partnership property, unless the same be destroyed or removed entirely beyond the reach or control of the complaining- party, for one has no more right to deal with the property than the other. Where, however, the partnership has terminated, and all the debts having been paid and the partnership affairs otherwise adjusted, nothing remains to be done but to pay over an amount due from one to the other, to be ascertained by a reckoning as to one special item or even several items — the matter presenting no complication of any kind — as in Clark v. Mills, 36 Kansas, 393; or where the partnership was for a single venture or special purpose which has been closed, and nothing remains but to pay over the claimant’s *291share of the proceeds, as in Jacques v. Hulitt, 16 N. J. Law, 38—in either case, an action would lie in favor of one against the other. George on Partnership, 304; Bales on Partnership, 865, 866; Clark v. Mills, and Jacques v. Hulitt, supra; Musier v. Trumpbour, 5 Wend., 274; Moran v. LeBlanc, 6 La. Ann., 113; Wheeler v. Arnold, 30 Mich., 304.
In Clark's case, supra, Holt, P. J., for the court, said: “There were no debts to be paid, no money to be collected, no property to be disposed of; and under the facts of the case it was purely a pecuniary demand involving no complications that could not properly be determined in a justice’s court.
In Wheeler v. Arnold, supra, it is held: “The remedy at lawt for contribution between two partners after dissolution is admissible, and when there have been no such dealings with assets and no such private relations with the firm as to make a settlement difficult, there would be no occasion, under our statutes making discovery obtainable at law by an examination of parties as witnesses, for an accounting in equity.”
In Jacques v. Hulitt, supra, it is held: “A mutual covenant to divide the proceeds of a certain crop, if it be a partnership, is so only for a special purpose and terminates as soon as the crop is sold; and an action lies by one of the parties against the other for any 'balance due thereon to the plaintiff from the defendant without resorting to the action of account render.”
This being the correct doctrine, and an action at law maintainable, if the facts bring the claim within the provisions of our statutes on arrest and bail, no reason occurs to us why the plaintiff should be deprived of this ancillary remedy. The statute (Code, section 291, sub-section 4,) provides that when a defendant has been guilty of fraud in contracting the debt or incurring the obligation for which action is brought, or for concealing or disposing of property, or to recover damages for fraud or deceit, an order for arrest may be *292issued; and it has been held in Powers v. Davenport, 101 N. C., 286, that such an order is proper when there has been fraud committed after contracting the debt, as by concealing property or other devices for defeating the creditor.
Here is allegation and ample evidence to sustain it, charging intentional fraud throughout the entire transaction on the part of the defendant and the judge below has found that these charges are true: a fraudulent design in having the options drawn in the name of the defendant; a fraudulent effort and purpose in concealing the sale from the plaintiff; false and fraudulent statements in procuring from the plaintiff a receipt in full, etc. We must not be understood as holding that no right of arrest can ever exist where the partnership has terminated and the affairs are so complicated that, in order to a proper settlement, an action in the nature of a bill in equity for an account is required. We have only elaborated the position that the right of arrest may exist when an action of law would lie with a view of confining the decision to the points required by the facts of the case before us. The court is. referred to the case of Soule v. Hayward, 1 Cal., 345, as authority supporting the defendant’s position, but this was a case construing the California statutes, that a partner was not included under the term “agent” in their statute on arrest; and the propositions here discussed do not seem to have been presented or considered by the court.
There was error in allowing the defendant’s motion, and the order to that effect will be set aside.