The sole question presented is whether a sale of land by a mortgagee under a power of sale in the mortgage, made after the death of the mortgagor, without notice to the heir, conveys a good title — that is, whether at the death of the mortgagor the power of sale ceases and becomes inefficacious.
In this State when a mortgage is executed the mortgagee becomes the legal, and the mortgagor the equitable owner, and until the day of redemption is past the mortgagor has a legal right, and afterwards an equity of redemption. Hemphill v. Ross, 66 N. C., 477.
*477No question of fraud enters into the controversy, nor any as to the amount due on the mortgage debt. The mortgagor cannot demand any notice of intention to sell under the power, and the heir at law stands in the place of his ancestor. Carver v. Brady, 104 N. C., 219; Frazier v. Bean, 96 N. C., 327. The general rule is that a power ceases with the life of the person giving it, hut where the power is coupled with an interest it survives the life of the person giving it and may he executed after his death. By a “power coupled with an interest” is meant an interest in the thing itself, that is to say, the power must be engrafted on the estate in the thing, and not on the product of the exei cise of the power. Hunt v. Rousmainer’s heirs, 8 Wheaton, 203. This principle is not affected by any change of circumstances, such as the death of the mortgagor. 8 Am. & Eng. Enc., 875; Cranson v. Crane, 93 Am. Dec., 106. “The death of the mortgagor does not revoke a power of sale”. 2 Jones on Mort., Sec. 1792, and cases cited. “In those States where the common law rule prevails that such a power is coupled with an interest, the death or bankruptcy of the mortgagor does not revoke or suspend the power of the legal holder to sell under the power, as the power is coupled with an irrevocable interest and cannot be revoked, but in those States where this power is not coupled with an.interest, the rule is different.” 2 Pingree on Mortgages, Sec. 1336.
The principle here announced is fully recognized in Parker v. Beasley, 116 N. C., 1, and other cases by this Court.
Upon these authorities we find that there was error in the judgment below.
Error — Reversed.