Edward Mann died leaving a last will and testament devising bis lands to his four sons as follows :
“2. I give and bequeath unto my son Spencer I). Mann, one-fourth part of all the lands I possess,begintiing at Joseph Caroon’s N. W. line, running N. W. by a straight line across the land, with all appertaining to it.
“3. I give and bequeath to my son Samuel E. Mann, one-fourth part of all the lands I own, beginning at Spencer D. Mann’s N. W. line, running N. W., with all appertaining to it.
“é. I give and bequeath unto my son Thos. R. Mann, one-fourtli part of all the lands I own, beginning at Samuel E. Mann’s N. W. line, running N. W., with all appertaining to it.
“5. I give and bequeath to my son W. K. Mann, one-fourtli part of all the land I own, beginning at Thos. R. Mann’s N. W. line, running N. W., with all appertaining to it.
“The amount of land and marsh agreeable to estimation is six-hundred and’seventy acres. T request that the upland be examined by good punctual men and as far N. W. as considered to be fit for cultivation. I want to begiu at Joseph Oaroon’s N. W. line and be equally divided unto four parts, share and share alike, by running straight lines across the land from the "water to the back lines. The N. W. of privilege land and marsh, I wish to be equal,to each brother for range.”
The plaintiff and defendants are the devisess and assignees of devisees named in the will. The plaintiff, wishing to hold his part of the land in severalty, brings this special proceeding in the Superior Court of Dare county (the land lying in that county) alleges a tenancy in common, and asks for partition. Defendants answered. But at the trial term they demurred ore tenus and alleged that by *10the terms of the will they held their lands in severalty, and not as tenants in common. And the Court being of opinion with defendants, dismissed the proceeding and plaintiff excepted and appealed. In this rriling and judgment there is error.
The general rule seems to be that when"the will locates the lands devised by name or by metes and “bounds so that each party knows his land ; or when they are located with such certainty that a surveyor can take the will and locate them without other aid, then the devisees would hold in sever-alty and not as tenants in common. In this case, did the parties know where their metes and bounds were, or could a surveyor take the will and locate the different lots ? We think not. The upland is to be examined by good “punctual men” as far north-west as considered to be fit for cultivation. Why have it examined by these good men, if it is to be divided according to quantity, without regard to value? The division is' to be equal. But equal in value as 'we think. This provision of the will requiring the land to be examined by good men is inconsistent with the idea that quantity alone was to be considered in making the division.
Besides this, the lands are to be divided into four parts “share and share alike”. This provision itself, ex vi termini used in a will, constitutes the devisees tenants in common. Watts v. Clardy, 2 Fla., 387; Holdbrook v. Fenney, 4 Mass., 567; Nye v. Drake, 9 Pick , 37.
We are therefore of the opinion that plaintiff and defend-. ants are tenants in common, and that the ruling of the court and the judg nent appealed from are erroneous. The proceeding should be restored to the docket and proceeded with according to the law in cases for partition among tenants in common, and it is so ordered. But the terms of the will should be observed as to the order of *11locating the shares of the different devisees. Spencer Mann’s being next Joseph Caroon’sN. W. line, and so on, as provided in the will.