Defendant assigns as error the failure of the trial court to allow his timely made motions for nonsuit of the charge of kidnapping.
The evidence presented at trial tended to show: On 19 April 1970 at about 1:30 a.m. defendant knocked on the front door of the Rockingham County jail. The assistant jailer, Henry C. Crowder, came out of the jailer’s office, unlocked an iron door, entered the vestibule or waiting room of the jail, and opened the front door. Defendant stuck a gun in Crowder’s face and told him he would kill him if Crowder didn’t let defendant’s buddies out of jail. Defendant then forced Crowder along a route to the cell where his friends were held. The route encompassed some 62 feet and led through the jail vestibule, through an iron door into the jailer’s office, and from the office through another iron door into a hall. The hall led into the kitchen area of the jail and then to two steps going down into the lower level of the back part of the jail. After reaching the lower level defendant forced Crowder to unlock and go through a solid iron door and then a bar door into the cellblock area. At this point the prisoners were released and Crowder was locked in the jail cell. Crowder yelled for assistance and was released after being in the cell some 9 or 10 minutes.
Defendant contends that the movement and detention of Crowder does not constitute the offense of kidnapping. We do not agree with this contention.
*330  G.S. 14-39, the statute forbidding kidnapping, does not define the offense. Therefore, as set forth in State v. Lowry, 263 N.C. 536, 139 S.E. 2d 870 (1965) the common law definition may be resorted to for the particular acts constituting the offense. In State v. Harrison, 145 N.C. 408, 59 S.E. 867 (1907) a brief historical treatment is given as follows: “Blackstone and some other English authorities define kidnapping to be the 'forcible abduction or stealing away of a man, woman, or child from their own country and sending them into another.’ In 1 East Pleas of the Crown, 429, it is described as ‘the most aggravated species of false imprisonment,’ and defined to be ‘the stealing and carrying away or secreting of any person.’ ‘The Supreme Court of New Hampshire,’ says Bishop, ‘more reasonably, and apparently not in conflict with actual decisions, held that transportation to a foreign country is not a necessary part of this offense.’ . . . Bishop states the better definition of kidnapping to be ‘false imprisonment aggravated by conveying the imprisoned person to some other place.’ ”
 State v. Lowry, supra, provides that “kidnap” as used in G.S. 14-39 means the unlawful taking and carrying away of a person by force and against his will. It also states that it is the fact, not the distance of forcible removal of the victim that constitutes kidnapping. The court has later stated in State v. Ingland, 278 N.C. 42, 178 S.E. 2d 577 (1971) that the asportation requirement has now been relaxed so that any carrying away is sufficient. The distance the victim is carried is immaterial. In State v. Barbour, 278 N.C. 449, 180 S.E. 2d 115 (1971) the court stated that, “(w)here the gravamen of the crime is the carrying away of the person, the place from or to which the person is transported is not material, and an actual asportation of the victim is sufficient to. constitute the offense without regard to the extent or degree of such movement.” (Emphasis ours.) Then in State v. Penley, 277 N.C. 704, 178 S.E. 2d 490 (1971) the court reiterated the principle that the distance traveled is not material” .... The defendant by force and threat of violence took Carter and carried him where he did not consent to go. This constitutes kidnapping under our statute.” In State v. Murphy, 280 N.C. 1, 184 S.E. 2d 845 (1971) the court repeated the rule that any carrying away is sufficient.
The case closest in point to the one at bar is State v. Reid, 5 N.C. App. 424, 168 S.E. 2d 511 (1969) written by Parker, *331Judge, where the victim upon leaving his office located at his residence was encountered by two men as he rounded the corner of the garage. The victim ran but fell down, whereupon the two men seized him and dragged him through a hedge at the rear of his property approximately 75 feet into a vacant lot. They then bound and gagged the victim and were waiting for the victim’s wife to return and then gain admission to the house when they were frightened away by police. These facts were held sufficient to submit the offense of kidnapping to the jury, although the defendant was given a new trial on the kidnapping charge because of prejudicial error in the charge.
We find no distinguishing factors in the principles involved in the instant case and in Reid. In view of the opinions of our Supreme Court the only possible distinction would be whether in both cases there was a “carrying away.” Obviously this, “carrying away” is not based on distance since it has been stated numerous times that distance is immaterial. If this were the factor involved then surely 62 feet in the. instant case would ...be sufficient to support the offense as was the 75 feet involved .in' Reid. If distance is not material to the “carrying away” the essential element must be the term “removal” as used by the court in several opinions such as State v. Lowry, supra, State v. Barbour, supra, and in Reid. ''
 Black’s Law Dictionary, 4th Ed. (1951) defines removal as “in a broad sense, the transfer of a person or thing from one place to another.” Webster’s Third New International Dictionary (1968) defines removal as a “shift of location.” It is this concept that makes the present case a “carrying away” and would prevent certain other cases from constituting kidnapping even though they fit the common law definition. For example, the taking and carrying away of a person by force and against his will from the cash register of his store to. the other side of the counter or in the corner of the same room might not constitute kidnapping because there has not been a sufficient “shift of location” or “transfer from one place to another” to meet the requirements of a “carrying away.” This is not to say that in a larger building with several distinct areas that the “carrying away” would not be sufficient to constitute the offense. In Reid there was a shift from the victim’s lot into an adjoining lot through a hedgerow. In the instant case there was a shift even more evident and more dangerous to the. victim. Here *332Crowder was transported from the front door of the jail through an iron door into his office, through the office, out another iron door, into the hall through the kitchen area, down two steps into the lower back part of the jail, through a solid iron locked door and a double locked cellblock door, and into a cell where he was detained by the defendant. We hold this to be a sufficient “shift of location” or “transfer from one place to another” to constitute a “carrying away,” completing the offense of kidnapping. We do not feel that under these facts there would have to be a removal from the physical building. In Reid the victim was encountered outside and left outside in the adjoining lot. In the instant case the victim was encountered at the jailhouse door and taken through numerous distinct portions of the building.
We see no distinction in the underlying principle in Reid where the shift of location or removal was accomplished outside of any physical structures and in the instant case where the shift of location or removal was done within a physical structure. We hold that such a removal constituted a carrying away and sufficiently established the offense of kidnapping.
 Defendant assigns as error the failure of the court to remand the case for a preliminary hearing although a bill of indictment had been returned. We find this contention to be without merit. The preliminary hearing in North Carolina is not an essential criminal proceeding nor is it an essential prerequisite to the finding of an indictment in this jurisdiction. Gasque v. State, 271 N.C. 323, 156 S.E. 2d 740 (1967); State v. Hargett, 255 N.C. 412, 121 S.E. 2d 589 (1961). The court did not err in denying defendant’s motion for a preliminary hearing. Furthermore, a preliminary hearing would have been fruitless in this case. Defendant had been tried once, had access to a transcript of the first trial and also had access to a transcript of the post-conviction hearing.
Defendant presents several other assignments of error, all of which we have carefully considered but find them to be without merit.
For the reasons stated, we find
Judge Hedrick concurs.
Judge Parker dissents.