The only assignments of error brought forward by defendant are directed to the charge of the court. The thrust of defendant’s argument is that the court failed to declare and explain the law arising on the evidence given in the case as required by Rule 51 (a) of the North Carolina Rules of Civil Procedure. A reading of the charge discloses that the trial judge generally defined the terms “burden of proof,” “greater weight of the evidence,” “negligence,” “due care,” and “proximate cause.” He did not attempt to recapitulate the evidence except in a brief statement of the contentions of the parties. The judge is not required to state the evidence except to the extent necessary to explain how the law applies to the evidence presented in the case being tried. As to the first issue, the court’s only reference to the evidence and his only instructions as to how the law should be applied to the evidence presented by either plaintiff or defendant was as follows:
*15“Now, Members of the Jury, on the 4th day of November, 1966, the defendant operated within the City of Winston-Salem a variety store, and it was in business to serve the public; and on this occasion the plaintiff was a business invitee of that company. That is stipulated by the parties.
“The Court instructs you that while a company, such as the defendant, and operating in the manner that it was operating, is not an insurer of the safety of its business invitees, it does have the duty to use due care to keep that portion of the premises designed for the use of business invitees, such as customers, in a reasonably safe condition so as to avoid endangering or injuring such customers.
“Now, Members of the Jury, the Court instructs you that if the defendant on this day failed to use due care to keep that portion of its premises designed for the use of customers in a reasonably safe condition so as to avoid injuring its invitees, then it would be guilty of negligence.
“The Court further instructs you, Members of the Jury, that on this day that Wayne Arnold was an employee of the defendant; and it is stipulated by the parties that on that date that he was a servant and employee of the defendant; and under that stipulation the defendant would be responsible for his acts.
“The Court further instructs you, Members of the Jury, that the defendant’s employee Arnold had the duty to use due care in assembling this planter to avoid injuring the customers that were in the store; and if the defendant’s employee, Wayne Arnold, failed to use due care in assembling the planter to avoid injuring the plaintiff, then he would be guilty of negligence.
“Now, Members of the Jury the Court has been reviewing certain facts if you, the jury, find them to be facts, that would constitute negligence on the part of the defendant. It is not suggesting that you find any such facts, because you are the sole triers of the facts. It has merely stated to you certain facts, if you find them to be facts, that would constitute negligence on the part of the defendant.”
*16  The decisions of the Supreme Court of North Carolina are consistently to the effect that a mere declaration of the law in general terms and a statement of the contentions of the parties is not sufficient. Saunders v. Warren, 267 N.C. 735, 149 S.E. 2d 19; Realty Agency, Inc. v. Duckworth and Shelton, Inc., 274 N.C. 243, 162 S.E. 2d 486. Although we regret the necessity of prolonging the litigation, we are constrained to hold that the able trial judge failed to adequately explain and apply the law to the specific facts pertinent to the issues involved. An opinion in the present case on an earlier appeal is reported in 9 N.C. App. 406, 176 S.E. 2d 383. On that appeal this Court explained why it was error to have entered a directed verdict for defendant on the evidence appearing in that record.
In Griffin v. Watkins, 269 N.C. 650, 153 S.E. 2d 356 defendants assigned as error the following portion of the court’s instructions to the jury.
“(I)f plaintiff has satisfied you from the evidence and by its greater weight that the defendants were negligent in any one or more of the following respects, i.e.: that they failed to exercise due care; that they failed to have the lights on as provided by statute if it was thirty minutes after sunset or the visibility was less than two hundred feet; or (that) they parked on the highway when it was practical or reasonably practical to park off the highway as provided by section 20-161 of the General Statutes; and . . . (that) the negligence in any one or more of those respects was a proximate cause of the collision and the injury and damage resulting to the plaintiff, then it would be your duty to answer the first issue Yes in favor of the plaintiff. (Emphasis added.)”
The Court held the instructions to be erroneous. Justice Sharp, speaking for the Court, said:
“Failure to exercise due care is the failure to perform some specific duty required by law. To say that one has failed to use due care or that one has been negligent, without more, is to state a mere unsupported conclusion. ‘(Negligence is not a fact in itself but is the legal result of certain facts.’ Shives v. Sample, 238 N.C. 724, 726, 79 S.E. 2d 193, 195. In his charge, the trial judge must tell the jury what specific acts or omissions, under the pleadings and *17 evidence, constitute negligence, that is, the failure to use due care. [Emphasis added.] Defendants justly complain that this instruction gave the jury carte blanche to find them generally careless or negligent for any reason which the evidence might suggest to them.”
In Griffin the error in the quoted portion of the charge was that, upon a finding that defendants were negligent in that they failed to exercise “due care” in the operation of an automobile, the jury was instructed to answer the negligence issue “Yes.” In the present case the jury was told only that defendant’s failure to use “due care” (in maintaining safe premises) or its failure to use “due care” (in assembling a planter) would constitute negligence and that, if they so found, they would answer the issue “Yes.” In Griffin the instruction was held to erroneously give the jury carte blanche to find defendant generally careless or negligent in the operation of the automobile. The instructions in the present case would also seem to give the jury unlimited authority to find the defendant generally negligent for any reason the evidence might suggest to them. It was error for the judge to fail to explain to the jury what bearing their findings as to the facts would have on the issue of defendant’s negligence. Atkins v. Moye, 277 N.C. 179, 186, 176 S.E. 2d 789. “Liability for negligence arises from the application of well-settled general principles of law to the facts of specific cases; it is not to be determined solely by the jury; the judge has his function and his duty; actionable negligence is a mixed question of law and fact — no less of law, to be determined by the judge, than a fact, to be determined by the jury.” Nichols v. Fibre Co., 190 N.C. 1, 128 S.E. 471.
In Miller v. Lucas, 267 N.C. 1, 147 S.E. 2d 537, we find the following:
“Lucas, administrator, assigns as error the judge’s instruction to the jury on the first issue, to wit, was plaintiff injured and her automobile damaged by the negligence of defendant’s intestate V. W. Doss, as alleged in the complaint. On this issue the judge charged to this effect: If the jury is satisfied by the greater weight of the evidence that Doss in the operation of his automobile with the trailer attached was negligent, as the court has defined negligence for you, that is if he was operating his automobile in a *18manner other than the manner in which a reasonable and prudent man would have driven it under similar conditions, or if you are satisfied that his driving was a violation of the reckless driving statute, which the court will now read to you, that will be negligence, and if you are satisfied by the evidence that the negligence of this defendant or his violation of either section of the reckless driving statute proximately caused or was a proximate cause of the collision, it would be your duty to answer the first issue, Yes; if you are not so satisfied you would answer it, No. Nowhere in the charge did the judge instruct the jury what facts it was necessary for them to find to constitute negligence on Doss’s part. This charge left the jury unaided to apply the law to the facts relating to the first issue as shown by plaintiff’s evidence and by Doss’s administrator’s evidence. [Emphasis added.]
“The provisions of G.S. 1-180 require that the trial judge in his charge to the jury ‘shall declare and explain the law arising on the evidence in the case,’ and unless this mandatory provision of the statute is observed, ‘there can be no assurance that the verdict represents a finding by the jury under the law and on the evidence presented.’ Smith v. Kappas, 219 N.C. 850, 15 S.E. 2d 375. This Court has consistently ruled that G.S. 1-180 imposes upon the trial judge the positive duty of declaring and explaining the law arising on the evidence as to all the substantial features of the case. A mere declaration of the law in general terms and a statement of the contentions of the parties is not sufficient to meet the statutory requirements. Hawkins v. Simpson, 237 N.C. 155, 74 S.E. 2d 331, where 14 of our cases are cited; Glenn v. Raleigh, 246 N.C. 469, 98 S.E. 2d 913. In Lewis v. Watson, 229 N.C. 20, 47 S.E. 2d 484; this Court said, quoting from Am. Jur.: ‘The statute requires the judge “to explain the law of the case, to point out the essentials to be proved on the one side or the other, and to bring into view the relations of the particular evidence adduced to the particular issues involved.” 53 Am. Jur., Trial, section 509.’ This assignment of error is good.”
For failure of the trial judge to declare and explain the law arising on the evidence in the case as required by statute *19and the decisions of the Supreme Court of North Carolina, there must be a new trial.
Judges Brock and Britt concur.