delivered the opinion of the Court:
This was an action of assumpsit, brought by Kizer & Fullenwider, as partners, against North, to recover damages for the alleged breach of the following contract in writing, by not accepting and paying for the hogs therein mentioned, to-wit:
*174“ March 21, 1871.
I have this day sold B. H. North three hundred fat, merchantable hogs, to average two hundred and fifty pounds gross and upwards, to be delivered at Buffalo Station, Illinois, between the 15th of July and the 15th of August next, at the option of the buyer, buyer to give seller eight days’ notice when to deliver. The buyer agrees to pay seven dollars per hundred pounds gross. Said hogs are the hogs I bought of Dunnick.
P. H. Kizer,
B. H. North.”
The declaration averred that the plaintiffs were partners in the contract; that they were always ready, between the 15th of July and the 15th of August, to deliver the hogs; that the defendant failed to give any notice when to deliver the hogs, and that on the 15th day of August, 1871, the plaintiffs, at the place designated, did tender and offer to deliver to the defendant the hogs, which the latter failed to accept and pav for.
The declaration contained seven counts, all upon the above contract. A demurrer to the declaration, which was made several to each count, was overruled, and, the defendant standing by his demurrer, a jury was thereupon called, and the plaintiffs’ damages were assessed before the court, by a jury, at $2858.51, for which judgment was rendered.
The defendant appeals.
The chief point made for the reversal of the judgment is upon the day of the tender of the delivery of the hogs, the 15th of August, it being contended that that was one dav too late; that, under the contract, the 14th day of August was the last day for the delivery.
Whatever may be the force of this objection, as applied to some of the counts,—see Richardson v. Ford, 14 Ill. 332, Cook v. Gray, 6 Ind, 335, Willerming v. McGaughey, 30 Iowa, 205,—it is obviated, so far at least as respects the fifth count, by the special averments contained in that count. It is *175therein expressly averred that, after the making of the contract, on the 20th day of July, 1871, it was agreed between the plaintiffs and the defendant that the time for the delivery of the hogs under the contract should extend to and include the 15th day of August, 1871, as the last day of the time for delivery.
The time of performance of a contract in writing may be extended by a subsequent parol agreement, and no new consideration is necessary, especially where there are mutual acts to be performed by the parties. Baker v. Whiteside, Breese, 174; Wadsworth et al. v. Thompson, 3 Gilm. 423.
This is not denied by counsel for appellant, but then they claim this count to be defective in other respects. They say it is a count in debt, because the word “agreed” is used in it. But that term is used only in reference to the subsequent extension of the time of performance of the contract sued on. Such use of the word “agreed” by no means marks the count as one in debt. The count may, notwithstanding, show that the defendant “undertook and promised” to accept and pay for the hogs.
This count sets out the contract in hcee verba, and then alleges the subsequent agreement to extend the time of performance so as to include the 15th day of August, the tender of delivery on that day, and the breach in not accepting and paying for .the hogs, without setting forth, in express words, a promise to accept and pay for the hogs, or a consideration for the promise, and it is insisted that the count is defective in this last particular.
There are two well recognized modes of declaring upon a written contract: either by setting it out in hcee verba, or according to its legal effect. When the former mode is adopted, as in this case, the court will construe the contract for the pleader, and recognize what is its legal effect. This written contract, upon its face, imports a promise by the defendant, upon a sufficient consideration, to accept and pay *176for the hogs upon performance on his part by the seller—such is its legal effect.
After setting out the contract in its very words, to declare further what is its legal effect, would seem to be superfluous— it would be averring what already appears.
Authority may be found to the effect that a declaration in assumpsit, which does not contain the word “promised,” may, nevertheless, be good, provided it sufficiently appears, from the whole declaration, that what is equivalent to a promise has taken place. 1 Chit. Pl. 301.
A promise and consideration have been at least substantively set forth, and we must regard the count as sufficient in this respect, on general demurrer.
It is further objected, that the count does not show that the hogs tendered were the particular lot of hogs which were purchased, as it does not aver that they were the hogs bought of Dunnick, the contract describing them as “said hogs are the hogs I bought of Dunnick.”
The averment in this respect, as to the hogs tendered, is, that “they did tender to said defendant the said hogs mentioned in said contract, to-wit: three hundred fat, merchantable hogs, averaging upwards of two hundred and fifty pounds gross.”'
We regard the hogs averred to be tendered, as substantially answering the description of the hogs mentioned in the contract.
The demurrer was a general one, and we must hold this fifth count, at least, to be good on general demurrer.
The statute provides that, whenever an entire verdict shall be given on several counts, the same shall not be set aside or reversed on the ground of any defective counts, if one or more of the counts in the declaration be sufficient to sustain the verdict. But if one or more counts be faulty, the defendant may apply to the court to instruct the jury to disregard such faulty counts. Rev. Stat. ch. 82, sec. 25.
The demurrer admitted every material allegation well pleaded in the fifth count. This count, at least, we regard as sufficient to sustain the verdict and judgment. Under that count, evidence was properly admitted of the market value of hogs on the 15th day of August, 1871.
The evidence introduced upon the assessment of damages is incorporated in the bill of exceptions.
Upon inspection of the same, we find that all the evidence introduced upon the assessment of damages was under the fifth count, and that it was confined to the market value of the hogs on the 15th day of August, 1871, and showed that on that day the plaintiffs had the hogs at the place designated, ready for delivery, and that they were the hogs bought of Dunnick, and of the description named.
Under the rulings of this court, the defendant was at liberty to cross-examine plaintiffs’ witnesses, and introduce evidence in reduction of damages. We can perceive no injury which has resulted to the defendant from the erroneous overruling of the demurrer to the faulty counts, save, perhaps, the mere cost of the demurrer. An error of such trivial consequence should not cause the reversal of the judgment.
We perceive no error in the giving or refusing of instructions.
The judgment will be affirmed.