delivered the opinion of the court:
A writ of Imbeas corpus was awarded on petition of Max Fenslcy, who prayed to be relieved from imprisonment by George F. Leinecke, sheriff of DuPage county, on the grounds that the county court of that county in which he was convicted for selling intoxicating liquor without a license lost jurisdiction over him by delay in the execution of the sentence; that the judgment and process were amended after his imprisonment began, and that the information upon which he was convicted was verified by the State’s attorney on information and belief. The cause was submitted for decision upon the petition, the return of the respondent and the record.
The relator, Max Fenslcy, was found guilty in the county court of DuPage county, as charged in an information containing twelve counts, for selling intoxicating liquor in less *562quantities than one gallon without having a legal license. This was at the June term, 1918, of the court, and on September 23, 1918, a day of that term, he was sentenced to pay a fine of $100 and costs on each of the first five counts and as to the remaining seven counts judgment was reserved to a future date. On November 27, 1918, being still of the June term, a mittimus was issued directing "the respondent forthwith to take the body of the relator and him safely keep until he should pay a fine of $500 and costs. Upon receipt of the writ the respondent made efforts to serve the same, and continued such efforts without success until February 28, 1919, when he took the relator into custody under the writ. The mittimus did not accord with the judgment but recited a judgment for a fine of $500 and costs, and commanded the respondent to keep the relator until he paid the said sum of $500 and $146.65 costs. At the January term, 1919, on March 14, after the arrest of the relator, the judgment as entered by the clerk was amended, so that instead of reading that the relator was adjudged to pay a fine of $100 on each of the first five counts of the information, and costs, the judgment was expanded so as to make a separate recital as to each of the first five counts, but the judgment was not changed or altered, in legal effect, in any way. An amended mittimus was issued in accordance with the judgment as amended, and the respondent claimed to hold the relator in custody by virtue of the amended mittimus.
The effective administration of the criminal law requires that one who pleads guilty or is convicted of a violation of the law shall be promptly and certainly punished, and no court has authority to suspend sentence indefinitely in such a case. It is the duty of the court to pronounce judgment at the term at which the conviction is had, unless upon a motion for a new trial, in arrest of judgment or for other cause the case is continued for further adjudication, and the defendant, by recognizance or being held in *563custody, is still required to answer the charge. If sentence is indefinitely suspended the court loses jurisdiction and a judgment subsequently entered is void. (People v. Allen, 155 Ill. 61; People v. Barrett, 202 id. 287.) The court, by reserving judgment for an indefinite period as to the seven counts, lost jurisdiction as to them, but the mittimus was issued upon the-judgment properly entered as to the first five counts and the court did not lose jurisdiction by any postponement of sentence.
As a general rule a court retains jurisdiction over a judgment during the term at which it is rendered and may for proper cause vacate the judgment during the term, but in a criminal cause it can only vacate or change the judgment while it remains unexecuted and is without jurisdiction to vacate or change the judgment after the prisoner has begun serving his sentence. (People v. Turney, 273 Ill. 546, People v. Whitman, 277 id. 408.) The relator was serving his sentence at the time of the amendment of the judgment and mittimus, and the amendment was after the term at which he was convicted. There was, however, no change in the judgment, and the amendment consisted merely in amplifying the language of a judgment that was not void or entered without jurisdiction. The record of such a judgment may be amended after the term at which it is made, by an order of the court entered nunc pro tunc, when by reason of clerical misprision it does not speak the truth, provided there is sufficient basis in official or quasi official records to authorize the amendment. There must be some note or memorandum or memorial paper remaining in the files or upon the records of the court on which to base the amendment, and it cannot rest in the recollection of the judge or other persons or be based upon ex parte affidavits or testimony after the event has transpired. (Dougherty v. People, 118 Ill. 160; Hubbard v. People, 197 id. 15.) The record" in this case recites that there were sufficient memoranda of the court and the clerk in the files and *564records of the cause to amend the judgment, if it could properly be termed an amendment. In the absence of a bill of exceptions showing what was before the court, the recital of the record must be taken as true and the amendment properly made. As there was no change in the judgment by the amendment, the fact that the relator had begun serving his sentence did not affect the jurisdiction of the court.
The law demands that a judgment in a criminal cause shall be carried out promptly, and even where the judgment is valid fhere may be circumstances under which a court will lose jurisdiction to collect a fine by imprisonment. That was the case in People v. Shattuck, 274 Ill. 491, where Shattuck, on November 16, 1909, pleaded guilty to fifteen counts charging him with selling intoxicating liquor in anti-saloon territory. Judgment was entered and he made a motion to vacate the order of imprisonment. From that time he was allowed to go at liberty for a period of over six years while no steps were taken to carry out the judgment, and it was held that a defendant in a criminal case cannot be subject to the mere caprice of a judge, which would indirectly confer upon the judge powers which he does not possess. There was no unreasonable delay in this case- which could operate in any manner to the prejudice of the relator. The order of imprisonment to collect the fines and costs was merely an incident to a valid judgment for the fines and the means to enforce their collection, (Ex parte Bollig, 31 Ill. 88,) and the %nittimus was issued during the same term at which the conviction took place and was not void.
The fact that the information was verified by the State’s attorney on information and belief would not, in any event, affect the jurisdiction of the court. A prosecution upon such an information is an invasion of a constitutional fight, (People v. Clark, 280 Ill. 160; People v. Honaker, 281 id. 295;) and a denial of the constitutional right would be *565error for which the judgment would be reversed on a writ of error. It was a right which could be waived, (People v. Powers, 283 Ill. 438; People v. Reed, 287 id. 606;) and it was waived by the relator, who failed to insist upon his right.
The court having jurisdiction to pronounce the judgment and there being no subsequent loss of jurisdiction by any action of the court or failure to act, the relator is remanded to the custody of the respondent.