delivered the opinion of the Court:
The Forsythe Coal Mining Company, being indebted to the Haskell & Barker Car Company, for cars purchased, $24,000, and for interest thereon, $1000, on the 15th of June, 1874, executed therefor thirty-five bonds, of $1000. each, payable in three years, with interest at ten per cent per annum, payable semi-annually, on the 15th of June and December of each year, evidenced by coupons attached to the bonds; ,and at the same time also executed a deed of trust to J. Irving Pearce to secure the bonds. The bonds were not paid when due, and on the 15th of June, 1877, the Forsythe Coal Mining Company executed a promissory note for $35,000 to the Haskell & Barker Bar Bompany, due in one year, with interest at ten per cent per annum, payable semi-annually, and at the same time also executed a deed of trust, of the same property as that conveyed by the first deed of trust, to Henry T. Haskell, as trustee, to secure the payment of the promissory note. The car company also retained the unpaid bonds and the first deed of trust as security for the debt. Default was made in the payment of the promissory note when due, and on the 22d of August, 1878, Henry T. Haskell, the trustee in the second deed of trust, sold and conveyed the property described in the deeds of trust, by virtue of and pursuant to the terms of the power in the second deed of trust, to the Haskell & Barker Car Company, for §23,000, and that amount was then credited on the promissory note. The Haskell & Barker Car Company sold and conveyed the property thus conveyed to it, to William C. Cloudy and *594S. Corning Judd, on the 20th of December, 1878, and at the same time, and as a part of the same transaction, it also sold and delivered to them the thirty-five bonds and the promissory note. Goudy and Judd sold and conveyed the property to the Bryant Coal Company, on the 15th of January, 1879.
On the 6th of July, 1882, the Bryant Coal Company procured the consent of Goudy and Judd, then the holders and owners of the thirty-five bonds, to the release of the mortgaged property, and at the same time said company procured resolutions to be passed by its board of directors, requesting Pearce,, the trustee, to release the property from his deed of trust, in which request the Forsythe Coal Mining Company joined.. Pearce was requested, a number of times, to execute such a release, but he failed to do so, and on the 23d of March, 1883, a certified copy of the resolutions requesting the release, with the consent of the Forsythe Coal Mining Company, and also of Goudy and Judd, were formally presented to Pearce, and the-offer made to pay him his reasonable costs, expenses and charges, and requesting him to execute a release of all of the-property. Pearce refused to make the release.
The Bryant Coal Company filed a bill in the circuit court-of Fulton county, on the 29th of March, 1883, against Pearce, Goudy, Judd, and the Forsythe Coal Mining Company, setting up substantially the foregoing facts, and praying that Pearcebe decreed to execute a release of the first trust deed. Pearce, Goudy and Judd filed answers, to which replications were filed, and on the 31st of December, 1883, Pearce filed a cross-bill, alleging that he held the coupons annexed to the bonds secured' by the first deed of trust, falling due December 15, 1874, ■amounting to $1750, and that the same remained unpaid, claiming that all of the bonds and the other coupons had been satisfied. He claimed to be subrogated to the rights of theHaskell & Barker Car Company in those coupons, and prayed for an account, and a decree requiring the payment to him of such sum as was due upon those coupons, and that the bonds- *595and remaining coupons be declared paid and satisfied. The Bryant Coal Company, and Goudy and Judd, filed answers to the cross-bill, denying that anything was due Pearce upon the coupons in his possession, alleging that if he advanced any money on account of them, he was repaid the amount so advanced, and that if this be not true, still, that if Pearce advanced any money for the payment of the coupons, he did so as a general creditor of the company, without any security or lien therefor. ¡Replication was filed to this answer. On final hearing, on December 22, 1885, the court decreed that the prayer of the cross-bill be denied, and that the prayer of the original bill be granted, and that Pearce execute a release of the deed of trust made to him, and in default thereof, that the master in chancery execute such release. Pearce appealed from that decree to the Appellate Court for the Third District, and that court, at its November term, 1886, affirmed the decree of the circuit court. The record is brought before us on writ of error upon that judgment.
Pearce, simply as trustee, had no interest in the trust. He had only to perform the duty of selling the property upon default in payment of the amount secured, pursuant to the terms of the power; and it results, from the undoubted rights of the debtor and creditor to extend the time of payment, change the form of the indebtedness, and to exchange or wholly release the securities held for its payment, by mutual agreement, that, the taking of the second deed of trust on the same property,, for the same indebtedness, in a different form, (if such was the-fact,) and a sale of the property under the second deed of' trust, operated, in equity, as a satisfaction of the first deed of trust. It can be of no possible concern to the trustee that the-evidences of indebtedness are not surrendered or cancelled,, if the creditor and debtor desire that they shall not be. The-trustee, as such, represents no one but the creditor and debtor,, or those standing in their stead, and there can be no reason why *596 a creditor may not voluntarily release a security that would :not equally prevent his giving away property of any kind.
What was said in Chicago and Great Western Railroad Land Co. v. Peck et al. 112 Ill. 408, cited by counsel for plaintiff in ■error, was upon the assumption, authorized by the facts then under consideration, that the release of the trustee was not requested or authorized by those interested in the ownership of the debt, and, in that view, is undoubtedly correct; but it has no relevancy to a case where the creditor and debtor agree that the security shall be released. A trustee may, however, become an owner of a part of the indebtedness secured by his deed of trust, and when he does so, he can, of course, be concluded as to the indebtedness of which he is owner, by no agreement between the debtor and the holder of the remainder of the indebtedness to which he is not a party.
The only question, then, material to be inquired into here is, whether Pearce is the owner of the coupons maturing on the 15th of December, 1874. He alleges that he is, and the burden is upon him to prove the fact. The lower courts found that the evidence was insufficient to sustain the allegation, and after having given the evidence preserved in the record, careful consideration, we do not feel authorized to say that that conclusion is wrong. Pearce, himself, testifies that he purchased the coupons at the request of Bryant, who was, at the time, the treasurer and business manager of the Forsythe Coal Mining Company. The fact that Pearce furnished the money which was paid to the Haskell & Barker Car Company, the owners and holders of these coupons, is admitted; but there are two answers to the claim of Pearce, either one of which is sufficient: First, that he was repaid the money thus furnished; and second, that instead of purchasing, he simply paid off the coupons, and thereby became a general creditor of the Forsythe Coal Mining ■Company, instead of an owner of the coupons.
First—Pearce denies that he has been repaid the amount he thus advanced, and he is corroborated in this by the pos*597session of the bonds. Bryant testifies, however, equally positively, that he has been repaid the amount, and he shows, that in view of the business, and the peculiar way in which it was transacted between him and Bryant, there is nothing inconsistent with his version in the fact of Pearce’s possession of the coupons. There is, moreover, this strongly corroborating circumstance in favor of the correctness of Bryant’s testimony. The payment of the thirty-five bonds and interest was guaranteed in writing on the back of the bonds, by Henry L. Bryant, William C. Goudy and S. Corning Judd. It is not contended the amount could not have been collected from these guarantors, and it is proved that Pearce never made any claim upon either of them for payment of it, and the proof also further shows that Goudy, in 1878 or 1879, requested Pearce to release two of the lots described in the deed from its operation, which Pearce did without then making any claim that he had any personal interest in the mortgage.
Second—The rule is, that the demand of a creditor which is paid with the money of a third person, without any agreement that the security shall be assigned or kept on foot for the benefit of such third person, is absolutely extinguished. Sheldon on Subrogation, see. 8; Gadsden v. Brown, 1 Speer’s Eq. (S. C.) 41; Sanford v. McLane, 3 Paige, 117; Banta v. Gavow, 1 Sandf. 384; Wilkes v. Harper, 1 Comst. 586; Douglass v. Fagg, 3 Leigh, 588; Hough v. Ætna Life Ins. Co. 57 Ill. 318; Small et al. v. Stagg, 95 id. 39.
Haskell, president of the car company, testified that he did not sell the coupons to Pearce, but that Pearce paid them, and Bryant testified that Pearce paid them for him. The preponderance is clearly that there was simply a payment of the coupons.
We find no sufficient ground upon which to reverse the judgment below. It is therefore affirmed.