(after stating the facts.) This is an appeal from a judgment enjoining the defendant, a proprietor of a hotel, from closing a door leading from the rotunda of the hotel to a saloon kept by plaintiff Belzner. There is also a cross appeal on *301the part of the plaintiffs from that part of the decree which refused to enjoin the defendant from closing another door leading from the saloon into the rear of the rotunda: The facts of the case are fully set out in the statement of facts, but will be briefly recalled here. J. H. Morgan, T. J. Moore and C. D. Gee were each the owner of a lot in the town of Camden, and they owned another lot in common. These four contiguous lots fronted south on Washington street, and extended back to an alley in the rear. The owners of these lots entered into a written contract by which they agreed to construct a three-story brick building covering all of these lots. The contract reserved to each of the parties the ground floor or first story of his individual property, but stipulated that the property owned by them in common, as well as the second and third stories of the building, should be devoted to the purposes of a hotel, each of the parties to pay one-third of the cost of erecting the building, and that the hotel and the business pertaining thereto should be owned and controlled by them jointly. The building was constructed. The west room on the ground floor was owned by plaintiff Moore, and next to it on the east was the rotunda of the hotel. Moore intended to use his room for the purposes of a saloon, and had it constructed with two doors leading from the saloon to the rotunda. Besides these entrances from the hotel, there were three other entrances to the saloon. One on the front from Washington street, one on the west side, and one from the rear, these last being reached by alleys. There was no special contract between the parties about these doors from the saloon to the hotel rotunda, but they were put in the plans for the building by the architect at the suggestion of Moore, with the consent of the other parties; it being done, so Moore testified, as a convenience to the hotel and to increase the trade of the saloon. After these doors between the saloon and the hotel had been used for some eight or nine years, the hotel was rented to the defendant Belser. As he was annoyed by people passing to and fro through the rotunda into the saloon, and for other reasons, he closed these doors, and thereupon this action was brought by Moore, the owner of the saloon room, and his tenant, the saloon keeper, to enjoin defendant from closing the doors.
*302These doors having been put in the building in accordance with the plans and specifications of the architect with the consent of the owners, counsel for plaintiffs contend that Moore, the owner of the room in which the saloon was kept, thereby acquired an easement and the right to have the doors kept open for a passage from the saloon into the rotunda of the hotel. But an easement is a species of incorporeal hereditament, and is such an interest in land as to come within the statute of frauds, “and can be acquired only by grant, express or implied, or by prescription, which presupposes a grant to have existed.” 10 Am. & Eng. Enc. Law, 409. Now, it is clear from the evidence that there was no express grant of an easement shown here. There was a written contract between the owners of this land, which is set out in the statement of facts, but there is no reference to these doors, or to any right of way or easement, and no contract in reference to the doors, either written or parol, is shown by the evidence. It is true that Moore testified that he had these doors put in the plans; that he intended them for the convenience of the hotel, and to increase the trade of the saloon; and that his desire to get these doors was one of the inducements which led him to join the other parties in erecting the building. But, though this may have been one of the motives which induced him to enter into the contract, that does not make it a part of the contract, and he nowhere testifies that the matter of having a way from the saloon to the rotunda was ever mentioned to either of the other parties to the contract. The testimony of the other two parties, both of whom testified in behalf of Mr. Moore, shows that there was no express contract in reference to these doors. All they know about the matter is that the doors were in the plans, and Mr. Moore shows that they were put in them by the architect at Tittle Rock at his suggestion, no doubt with the consent or acquiescence of the other parties.
There being, then, no grant of such a right of way between the saloon and rotunda, the question arises, can one be implied from the fact that these doors were put there according to the plans and specifications of the architect by consent of the owners of the building? Now, the rule is well settled that the right of an easement by implication never arises except from necessity, as where the owner of land sells a part of it to another *303which i§ wholly surrounded by the land of the vendor, the purchaser is then entitled to a right of way; for, says Blaclcstone, “if a man grants me a piece of ground in the middle of his field, he at the same time tacitly and impliedly gives me a way to come at it.” 2 Blackstone, Com. 36. Otherwise, the grant of the land itself would be defeated. But there is no necessity shown here, for plaintiff has three other entrances to his saloon — one of them from the street on which -the hotel fronts, and only a few feet from the entrance to the rotunda of the hotel. So that one going from the bar of the saloon into the street and thence into the rotunda of the hotel goes only a few feet further than one who goes direct from the bar to the rotunda through the doors in controversy. To go direct was a matter of convenience only, from which the grant of an easement is never implied. Now, if a right to use these doors as a passway had been expressly granted to Moore, the owner of the saloon room, it might very well be held that a right of way across the rotunda to reach the doors would be implied from the grant of the doors, but there is no grant of the right to use the doors. The doors are there, but there is no grant. It is doubtful whether these doors are on any part of the property of the plaintiff, for, by reference to the contract between the parties under which the building was constructed, it will be seen that Moore reserved only the ground floor of the saloon room, and that, with the exception of the ground floor of the two other store rooms, all the other part of the building is owned by Morgan, Moore and Gee as tenants in common, and they in turn leased it to the defendant, and he succeeds to all their rights. But if we treat these doors as doors in a party wall put there by consent of the owners of the two lots, no easement could be implied. I do not myself think that one could be implied from an opening without doors, but the fact that there were doors to these entrances capable of being closed and locked shows clearly that it was the intention of these parties to permit the use of these doors át such times and so long as they might be found to be to the mutual convenience and advantage of the owners of the two estates, and when found no longer desirable to close them.
As these three parties owned the hotel, and as one of them owned the saloon room in the same building, it was nothing moré *304than natural that they should have put these doors there, for they might rent the hotel and saloon room to the same person, and a direct communication from the hotel to the saloon might be desired by the joint lessee of both properties. For this reason the entrances were made and provided with doors, so that they could be opened or closed as occasion or convenience required. So long as these doors remained open, there was an implied license that they might be used as a passway from the saloon to the hotel, but they created no easement in the licensee, and the license was revocable at the will of either party. The right to use such doors being permissive, the use was not adverse, and therefore not a use from which the easement might be acquired by prescription. Crosdale v. Lanigan, 129 N. Y. 604, 26 Am. St. Rep. 551; Bates v. Duncan, 64 Ark. 339; 18 Am. & Eng. Enc. Law (2d Ed.), 1127, 1129.
But, if we assume that there was an implied agreement on the part of the owners of this building that the owner of the saloon room should have the right to use these doors, still the right would be limited to the necessity of the case. It would be a way for the use of the guests or other persons connected with the hotel who desired to visit the saloon, and would give no right to the public generally to make a passway of the hotel rotunda to reach the saloon. If such a contract could be implied, it would be implied with the condition that each party should so conduct his business as not to malee it a nuisance to the other. In other words, before the owner of such a right comes into equity for relief, he should be prepared to show that he was keeping an orderly house. But-the evidence here shows that these doors became a nuisance to the proprietor of the hotel by reason of the fact that men were permitted to become drunk in the saloon, and then come through these doors direct into the hotel, and there commit various indecent acts, such as vomiting and urinating on the floor and using profane and offensive language to such an extent that ladies could not be permitted in the rotunda of the hotel. The defendant, as proprietor of the hotel, had therefore the right to suppress the nuisance and protect his guests by closing the doors.
On the whole case, we are of the opinion that the plaintiff made out no case for the interposition of a court of equity. The judgment against the plaintiffs will be affirmed, but the judgment *305against the defendant will be reversed, and the bill dismissed for want of equity.
Battle, J., concurred in the judgment.