Farmers' Home Mutual Fire Ass'n v. McAlister, 171 Ark. 574 (1926)

June 28, 1926 · Arkansas Supreme Court
171 Ark. 574

Farmers' Home Mutual Fire Association v. McAlister.

Opinion delivered June 28, 1926.

Joe D. NXepXerX, for appéllant.

Hart, J.,

(after stating the facts). The principal-ground relied upon for a reversal of the judgment is that, the court instructed the jury that its verdict should be for the plaintiff for the value of the barn as fixed in the policy. This instruction is in accordance with § 6147 of Crawford & Moses ’ Digest, which makes the full amount of the insurance named in the policy payable in the event of a total loss, and limiting the recovery to that amount. *575Statutes of this sort are commonly called valued policy laws, and have been sustained .by. this court and by .the Supreme Court of the United States. Minneapolis Fire & Marine Mutual Ins. Co. v. Fultz, 72 Ark. 365, 80 S. W. 576; American Central Ins. Co. v. Noe, 75 Ark. 406, 88 S. W. 572; National Union Fire Ins. Co. v. Kent, 163 Ark. 7, 259 S. W. 570; Liverpool & London & Globe Ins. Co., Ltd. v. Payton, 128 Ark. 528, 194 S. W. 503; and Orient Insurance Co. v. Daggs, 172 U. S. 557, 19 S. Ct. 281.

The contention of the insurance company in this case is that this statute does not apply, because the policy contains a provisión that no property, either real or personal, shall be insured by the association for more than-two-thirds of its actual valúe, and that the proof shows that this was done in the present case.

Counsel for the insurance company, in making this contention, have not taken into consideration the Payton case cited above, in which' it was expressly held that a stipulation of the policy in conflict with the terms of the statute is void. Statutes of this sort are passed for the purpose of avoiding the uncertainty of determining the value after the fire. The. manifest policy of the statute is to 'guard against over-insurance of the property. The agents "of the company have the opportunity to inspect the property fully before taking the insurance and fixing the amount of the premiums. It is the valuation fixed in advance by the parties by way of liquidated damages in case of a total loss by fire of the property insured without the fault of the insurer.

No errors of law appear in the record, and the judgment of the circuit'court will therefore be affirmed.