(after stating the facts.) It may be- stated at the outset that the court did not err in refusing to vacate the original foreclosure decree on application of the appellants in that action under § 6266 of Crawford & Moses’ Digest. The statute provides that a defendant constructively summoned, and who does not appear, may at any time within two years, and not thereafter, after the rendition of the judgment appear in open court and move to have the action retried. In such cases there is no right of redemption from the sale of the mortgaged property, and the only remedy for the defendant is that afforded by the statute, to have a retrial of the cause and, if successful, to obtain an order on the plaintiff for a restitution of the proceeds of the sale of the property. Gleason v. Boone, 123 Ark. 523.
It was also held in that case that mere inadequacy of price is no ground for setting aside a judicial sale unless it is «O' gross ias to raise a presumption of fraud or unfairness. This rule has been repeatedly declared by this court and has been so uniformly adhered to that a further citation of cases in support of it is unnecessary.
In this connection it may be stated that the property was sold under the foreclosure decree before the dis*468covery of oil and gas in the territory where they were situated and before the lands had risen in value at all. There is no testimony in the record tending to show that the price at which they were sold was grossly inadequate. Indeed, the attending circumstances point to the contrary.
In January 1915, Wells, Martin and Moore, who then owned the lands involved in this suit, sold them to appellants for the equities which appellants owned in certain property in Memphis, and the further consideration that appellants would assume certain indebtedness on the property owed by the grantors to D. D. Hull, Jr. Appellants then sold the property to the Cockrofts upon consideration that they should assume the mortgage indebtedness to D. D. Hull, Jr. They knew that the original indebtedness to D. D. Hull, Jr., was past due when they bought the lands from Wells, Martin and Moore. Appellants also knew that D. D. Hull, Jr., had canceled the old indebtedness in consideration that they should assume the amount of it and execute a new mortgage or deed of trust to him. They knew that the Cockrofts had assumed the indebtedness, and that one of the notes became due in February, 1916. They are presumed to have read over the deed of trust and to have known that the failure to pay this note made the whole of the indebtedness due and payable. They resided in Memphis at the time the foreclosure decree was rendered, and their general inattention to the matter shows that they did not anticipate any great increase in the value of the lands. Indeed, the increased value was due solely to the discovery of oil and gas in that territory in 1921, which was several years after the lands were sold under the foreclosure decree:
It is next insisted that the foreclosure decree was prematurely entered of record, and that no service of summons was had in that proceeding upon appellants. The mere fact that the decree might have been prematurely entered of record does not entitle appellants to the relief sought 'here. The premature rendition of a *469decree is erroneous; but the remedy to correct the error is by appeal to this court, and not by motion to vacate the decree in the court which rendered it after adjournment for the term. Old American Ins. Co. v. Perry, 167 Ark. 198.
Counsel for appellants contend that there wias not proper service upon them in the mortgage foreclosure proceedings, and on this account the chancery court should shave set aside the decree of foreclosure and the sale thereunder. Conceding that no service was had upon appellants in that suit, they are not entitled to the relief sought. This court has repeatedly held that the better established rule unquestionably is that, before a court of equity will relieve .against a judgment for want of service on the defendant, the latter must aver and prove that, if the relief is granted, a result will be obtained different from that reached by the judgment complained of. Broadway v. Sidway, 84 Ark. 527; State v. Hill, 50 Ark. 458; Williams v. Alexander, 140 Ark. 442; Jerome Hardwood Lumber Co. v. Jackson-Vreeland Land Corporation, 160 Ark. 303; McDonald Land Co. v. Shapleigh Hdw. Co., 163 Ark. 524; and H. G. Pugh & Co. v. Martin, 164 Ark. 423.
It has been well said that infinite confusion and mischief would ensue if the rule were otherwise. No meritorious defense to the .foreclosure proceedings is set up or attempted to be proved in the case at bar. The mortgage indebtedness was due at the time that the foreclosure decree was entered of record. The only claim of appellants is that the lands were sold for an inadequate price, and, as we have already seen, this is no defense unless it could be shown that the price was grossly inadequate. It does not appear from the record that the lands; sold under the foreclosure decree for a grossly inadequate sum. The price of the land, as we have already seen, did not increase for several years after-wards, and the increase then was due solely to the discovery of oil and gas in the vicinity. Then too the chancellor made a general finding of all the issues of law and *470fact against the appellants. This included a finding that they were served with process in the mortgage foreclosure proceedings. The burden of proof was upon appellants to show to the contrary. Davis v. Ferguson, 164 Ark. 340.
The record in .the case recites that appellants and the Cockrofts were non-residents of the State of Arkansas and were served with a certified copy of the complaint with .summons annexed, and also that a warning order .for each of said non-residents was duly issued and published.
It is true that all three of appellants testified that they were not served in the case .and did not know of the rendition of the foreclosure decree until after the lands were sold. It will be remembered that the lands have greatly increased in value and are now worth between five and .six hundred thousand dollars. Appellants are therefore greatly interested in setting aside the mortgage foreclosure proceedings; and their1 testimony is directly contradicted by Percy G-albreath. It is undisputed that the Horns, the Cockrofts, and Gfalbreath all lived in Memphis, Tenn., - at the time of the foreclosure proceeding. Galbreath testifies that he remembered perfectly well serving a copy of the complaint upon the Horns and the Cockrofts. There appears a return made by him at the time which he recollects having made. Judge Patterson, who was the attorney for the plaintiffs in the foreclosure proceedings, testified that he remembered very distinctly of having a warning order for appellants published four times in a weekly newspaper published in El Dorado, Ark., and that he giave the attorney ad litem in the case the addresses of appellants and of the Cockrofts. Judge Patterson remembers distinctly of bringing the response of the attorney ad litem and the proof of the publication of the warning order in court and filing them. Judge Patterson was trustee in the deed of trust, and his recollection about the matter is on that account definite. It is *471worthy of note that the attorney ad litem of the non-resident defendants died in November, 1921.
J. M. Wells, .one of the defendants in the foreclosure suit, made a partial defense to the action. According to his testimony, he had the most to do with making the contract with the Horn brothers. He received notice from Hull that one of the notes for the lands given by the Horn brothers was due, and that default had been made in the payment of the note. Wells notified the Horn brothers that he had received notice of default in the payment of the notes and asked them to make satisfactory arrangements. He received no reply to this letter. When he was advised that a decree had been rendered in the case, he notified thetai by letter and told them 'something had to be done or the lands would be sold. He stated further that the lands were not worth at the time more than the mortgage indebtedness.
Under these circumstances, it can not be said that a finding by the 'chancellor that appellants had been served with process in the foreclosure proceedings and knew of the pendency of that suit is against the preponderance of the evidence, and it is' well settled in thi.s court that a finding of fact made by a chancellor will not be set aside upon appeal unless it is against the weight of the evidence.
If appellants knew of the pendency of the foreclosure proceedings and failed to assert their rights, it is now too late for them to have the decree set. aside on the ground that they were not served with process. Holman v. Lowrence, 102 Ark. 252; Little Rock Chamber of Commerce v. Reliable Furniture Co., 138 Ark. 403; and Crawley v. Neal, 152 Ark. 232.
Counsel for appellees have also invoked the plea of laches, and we are of the opinion that, under the facts established by record, appellants .are barred of any relief on this account.
As we have already seen, the foreclosure decree was entered of record on the 9th day of 'September, 1916, and the lands were sold on November 21, 1916, pursuant to *472the terms of the decree. The deed executed by the commissioner shows that the sale was approved by the court on the 5 th day of March, 1917. According to the evidence of appellants, S. L. Cockroft died in May, 1920, and they knew sometime prior to. his death of the existence, of the foreclosure decree and the sale thereunder. This suit was not commenced until the 7th day of September, 1923. Appellants attempt to give reasons for their delay in the premises; but none of them are satisfactory. It appears from the record that oil and gas were discovered in that territory in the early part of 1921 and that valuable oil and gas leases were given on part of the lands in controversy during the years 1921 and 1922. Hull had sold the lands to Polk and Ezzel'l. They in turn had executed the oil and gas leases to other parties and had received considerable sums of money therefor. Twenty-one oil and gas well were drilled on the lands, and the lands have greatly increased in value since the first part of 1921. At a conservative estimate they are now worth between five and six hundred thousand dollars.
As above stated, appellants knew of the existence of the foreclosure decree before the death of S. L. Cockroft in May, 1920. No excuse is made by them for their delay in bringing the suit, except that one of the Cockroft boys was a soldier in the World’s War and that two of them were minors, and that for this reason they could not effect a settlement with them until just before this suit was brought on September'7, 1923.
The doctrine of laches which is a species of estoppel rests upon the principle that, if one maintains silence when in conscience he ought to speak, equity will bar him from speaking when in conscience he ought to remain silent. Gibson v. Herriott, 55 Ark. 85; Jackson v. Becktold Printing & Book Mfg. Co., 86 Ark. 591; Davis v. Harrell, 101 Ark. 230; Brownfield v. Bookout, 147 Ark. 555; and Stewart Oil Co. v. Bryant, 153 Ark. 432.
Under these and many other decisions of this court which might be cited, the general rule of the doctrine of laches is that equity may in the exercise of its own inher*473ent powers refuse relief where it is sought after undue and unexplained delay, and where injustice would be done in the particular case by granting the particular relief asked. Bach case must be governed iby its own facts; what would be an unreasonable delay in one case might not be in ¡another. We deem it sufficient to say that the delay in this case extended over a period of nearly three years and during a part of this time, oil wells were 'being drilled in that territory. Appellants could not wait until the drilling of these wells on the lands in question and in that vicinity had caused them to increase greatly in value before they brought this suit. They could not stand by and see other parties in good faith expending large sums of money drilling oil and gas wells and wait until the property was greatly enhanced in value thereby before asserting their rights. This would be contrary to the plainest principles of equity and natural justice.
Under all the circumstances of the case, we are of the opinion that the decision of the chancellor was correct, and the decree will therefore be affirmed.